Environmental Science

Plants The four kinds of plants Plants are the link of the evolutionary chain that helped start life as we know it. Some 700 million years ago we had their first ancestors, algae, developed in the seas, 265 million years after that the first simple stalked plants we found outside the seas now but along their coasts and along streams (Starr, C. Taggart, R. pp.153). Through out the years plants have evolved to the ones we know today and can differentiate them by the following categories: Nonvascul
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF ART This paper will show the relationship between the environment and fine arts. Both of these subjects are evaluated on a perceptual basis of what the observer sees and appreciates. As the basis for this report, it will be determined what is considered art and what comprises the environment. Defining what is art has been discussed at least since Plato wrote in The Republic about the place of the artist in society. The importance of art to mankind has peculiarly modern i
What are the most important factors explaining the rise of environmentalism in the UK? The News Media is not only responsible for the representation of environmental issues but also for public awareness, media coverage has influenced the rise in environmentalism hugely by bringing it into the public eye. For the general mainstream population media is their main – if not only – source of information. The government has a responsibility to inform the public of ‘public affairs’ and although a lot o
Global Warming Global warming occurs when the levels of greenhouse gasses rise and less infrared light, or heat, escapes the earth\'s atmosphere. Thus, the temperature experienced on Earth begins to rise. Climate change is a part of the Earth\'s history. There have been dramatic fluctuations in overall average temperature for the past 150,000 years that suggest a direct association with carbon dioxide levels. In the past the temperature highs and lows have been in tandem with carbon dioxide leve
Human Cloning is Wrong I bet many of you have seen Star Wars, Jurassic Park, Multiplicity, or many of the other movies that describe cloning. Most of what you see in these movies is false. What you don\'t know if that cloning could be dangerous, to the clone and to our society as a whole. It\'s unethical to have a human clone. What about identity? Humans are guaranteed the right to their own personality. What would happen if we overrode those rights by giving them someone else\'s genetic identit
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
The Issue of Human Cloning Composition II Telecourse January 20, 1999 With the recent discovery of the ability to clone an adult sheep, ignites numerous questions concerning the ethical and moral issues in light of eventually cloning a human being. The controversity surrounding the eventual possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the ethical concerns being raised are exaggerated and misplaced, because they are based on erroneous views about what genes are and what they can do.
How Does Acid Rain Affect Diffrent Housing Materials? Materials: 4 bricks, 4 shingels, 4 peices of laxand, 4 nails, 4 screws (four of four diffrent kinds), 4 small peices of wood, 4 small peices of aluminum,4 peices of galvenized metal, 3 jars, 3 squart bottles, out door house paint, gloves, apron, safty goggles,and muratic acid(HCl) Purpose: To find out how acid rain affects diffrent housing materials. Hypothesis: The research that has ben done points to the solution containg 75% muratic acid a
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that is characterized by a variety of symptoms and the disorganization of feeling and thought. It is an incurable disease whose causes are unknown, yet whose effects are mind and body crippling. (Young, 1988, p.13-14) This topic was chosen because it is interesting to study a disorder that worldwide, is viewed as a classic example of madness and insanity. Another reason of interest is because unlike many illnesses, schizophrenia doesn’t have
The Population Bomb By Paul Erhlich The book The Population Bomb, Paul Erhlich describes the impending problem of human overpopulation. Eventhough this book was written in the 1960’s, Erhlich still brings up many points which are still valid in today’s society. Environmental science often is not thought of by the public or the government, let alone the problem of human overpopulation, so this book served as one of the first looks into the issue. Environmental activists are often shunned as being
Evolution Introduction: Charles Darwin’s brethren could easily include Karl Marx, Da Vinci and Jesus Christ.. What he wrote in the Origin of the Species shook human belief to the core. He took the commonly accepted idea of where we came from, and smashed it to bits. In exploring two of his most famous theories, Evolution and Natural Selection, we can see why they have effected and changed human thought and belief to such a degree. Definitions: Natural Selection: a process occurring in nature whi
Acid Rain Scientists from around the globe have come to the conclusion that acid rain has to be regarded as a serious direct threat to our environment. This conclusion has been arrived upon from the study of concrete scientific evidence by way of the study of acid rain and its effects on the environment. Acid rain hurts both lakes and other bodies of water as well as vegetation. Many bodies of water are extremely sensitive to acid rain because they do not have the ability to neutralize it. Such
Gaia and Plate Tectonics Geologists and biologists have traditionally thought of life as having adapted to changes in the environmental conditions over time, but a new view of the earth derived from the Gaia theory has emerged. Many scientists now look at the entire earth as an organism, where living and nonliving matter evolve together maintaining an environment nearly ideal for life. The Gaia theory maintains that soon after the formation of life, and organisms began to change the environment,
Colin Ferguson Colin Ferguson 2 It was an average Tuesday evening, December 7, 1993, when a group of commuters on a Long Island Rail Road car came face to face with the sort of terror most people see only on television. Without warning, a Jamaican immigrant named Colin Ferguson pulled out a pistol and started firing at random, killing 6 passengers and wounding 19. After Ferguson was convicted and before he was sentenced, the survivors of his attack and the relatives of his victims got a rare cha
The Issue of Human Cloning The recent news of the successful cloning of an adult sheep-in which the sheep\'s DNA was inserted into an unfertilized sheep egg to produce a lamb with identical DNA-has generated an outpouring of ethical concerns. These concerns are not about Dolly, the now famous sheep, nor even about the considerable impact cloning may have on the animal breeding industry, but rather about the possibility of cloning humans. For the most part, however, the ethical concerns being rai
Catatonic Schizophrenics Michael W., a 29 year-old married male, was brought to the hospital emergency room after refusing to eat or speak for four days. An interveiw with with family members revealed theat Mr. W. had had such episodes before, but they had never lasted this long. In addition, he had periods in which he was suspicious of everyone in his family and claimed they were trying to poison him. During these periods, he accused his wife of infidelity and became extremely agitated and host
Dementia What is Dementia ? Dementia is an organic brain syndrome which results in global cognitive impairments. Dementia can occur as a result of a variety of neurological diseases. Some of the more well known dementing diseases include Alzheimer\'s disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), and Huntington\'s disease (HD). Throughout this essay the emphasis will be placed on AD (also known as dementia of the Alzheimer\'s type, and primary degenerative dementia), because statistically it is the
The Problems of Faculty Governance Introduction This paper will present a brief history of the development of faculty governance in American universities during the twentieth century. I will review the types of governance structures that have emerged, examine the impact on the institutions in which they function, and discuss the problems that have arisen between the two. Since the middle ages when universities began to emerge faculty governance in institutions of higher education has been the fo
Pacific Lumber Pacific Lumber started its long history as an environmentally respectful company, however it has not continued that into this decade. The millions of acres of Redwoods that once densely covered the western land have been taken away for financial reward. Before selling, the company way was sustainability, now it is profitability. Because of the efforts of essentially one man, the business has over-harvested the supposed protected Redwood. It is not a simple answer as to why this ha
Down\'s Syndrome Down\'s Syndrome, it is one of the most frequently occurring chromosomal abnormalities found in humans effecting people of all ages, races and economic levels. It is a chromosomal anomaly in cell development that results in a person being born with forty-seven chromosomes instead of the normal forty-six chromosomes. People with Down syndrome may have mild to severe learning disabilities and physical symptoms, which include a small skull, extra folds of skin under the eyes, and a
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS A connecting link between the two rivers was considered by the French explorer to be needed if the French were successful in settling this region of the south. In 1810, the citizens of Knox County, Tennessee (current location of Knoxville) petitioned the U.S. Congress to build the waterway that would shorten the distance by more than 800 miles for trade with New Orleans, Mobile and other ports along the Gulf of Mexico. Shortly after Alabama joined the union in 1819, the sta
PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE Running head: PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE The Psychosocial Differences Between Drug Users of Different Frequencies Within a University Setting State University of New York at Stony Brook After declining for a decade, marijuana use began to rise among young people beginning in 1990 (National Institute of Drug Abuse NIDA}, 1996). Marijuana is one drug whose use, although illegal and considered harmful, has been "normaliz
Racism And Racial Theories In The 18th, 19th, And Early 20th Century Six million Jews were killed by a government that took time out from running the state to exterminate the Jews equally, efficiently, and indifferently. How was it possible for a country to attempt the deliberate extermination of a whole people? While it was the Nazis who actually performed the action, men and women everywhere believed in the separation of races, whether white, black, Aryan, or Jew. Racism was a big part of late
WATER POLLUTION First of all what is water pollution, water pollution is when a substantial portion of waste enters our water system. Water pollution is everywhere it has caused a lot of death and sickness around the world. In previous research done by the government of Canada, it said "Canada is a water rich nation-we are steward of 9% of the worlds renewable fresh water while Canadians enjoy one of the highest standards of clean water in the world, pollution remains an important problem in som
Our Ozone Layer: Past, Present & Future April 30, 1998 I decided to investigate the environmental issue of the depletion of the ozone. Although I have heard many things about the ozone, and the hole over Antarctica, I wanted to find out more and get some real facts on ozone depletion and what we can do about it. The ozone layer refers to the ozone within the stratosphere, where over 90% of the earth\'s ozone resides. The ozone layer absorbs 97-99% of the sun\'s ultraviolet or UV light ("The Ozon
Unequal Representation: Membership Input and Interest Group Decision-Making Introduction Interest groups play a key mediating and representational role in politics. In the theory of pluralist politics, organized groups represent the interests of varied segments of society in the national policy process. These groups organize to represent the views of their members in the halls of Congress, administrative agencies, and federal courthouses, giving voice to their members\' interests in all policy m
Business and Technology Introduction Science and technology are advancing at a very rapid rate, but do we really understand all that is going on? Probably not. This paper will identify current issues related to science and technology from the business, governmental, and societal perspectives. However, before we can begin to understand the advances in science and technology, we must know the definitions of them. The Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia on compact disk defines science as "the observa
DuPonts DuPont is one of the oldest continuously operating industrial enterprises in the world. The company was established in 1802 near Wilmington, Delaware, by a French immigrant, Eleuthére Irénée du Pont de Nemours, to produce black powder. E. I. du Pont had been a student of Antoine Lavoisier, the father of modern chemistry, and he brought to America some new ideas about the manufacture of consistently reliable gun and blasting powder. His product ignited when it was supposed to, in a manner
Landscape Architecture as a Career A landscape architect is an individual who arranges and modifies the effects of natural scenery over a tract of land so as to produce the best aesthetic effect for the land^Òs use. Landscape architecture is the design profession which applies artistic, cultural, and scientific knowledge to the design, planning, and development of the land. Landscape architects accept certain responsibilities related to the health and welfare of the public and are concerned with
DNA DNA has all the needed information to create the species from which it came from. DNA consists of genes which are coded messages in the DNA. These messages control the cell to be what it was intended to be for example a brain cell or a skin cell. All cells in an organism have the same exact DNA sequence unless it has been mutated. The reason why they all have the same DNA is because they all came from one cell, the embryo which replicated itself and these new daughter cells replicated themse
Rain Forests "We know there will be problems in environmental terms, many serious problems, but it is a matter of economics. There won\'t be any complete disaster, and what we cannot solve, well, that\'s the price we have to pay." - Eduardo Albuquerque Barbosa There is a constant war that is being fought in the rainforests of South America. The death toll is one that far surpasses any other war in history. Vietnam and World War II had minimal loss of life compared to this never-ending battle. It
European Union EUROPEAN STUDIES A "The common market shall extend to agriculture and trade in agricultural products. ‘Agricultural products’ means the products of the soil, of stock-farming and of fisheries and products of first-stage processing directly related to these products....The operation and development of the common market for agricultural products must be accompanied by the establishment of a common agricultural policy among the Member States” (1) From the beginning of the European Un
Technology Rebecca Smith Concept Essay Just imagine a society where each of the blue-collared working class members has the privilege to lie around their homes, watching Jerry Springer and indulging in the fine delicacy of junk food all day. A worldly population that is trapped within the massive corporate world is unavoidable. Cities run by powerful, bloodthirsty executive committees, seeking to increase their profit margin by providing a surplus amount goods for the people, but at the same tim
Thesis: Dystopia in Aldous Huxley\'s Brave New World It\'s hard to imagine yet somehow so extremely close to us is the possibility of a world of ideal perfection where there is no room or acceptance of individuality. Yet, as we strive towards the growth of technology and improvement of our daily living we come closer to closing the gap between the freedom of emotions, self understanding, and of speech and the devastation of a dystopia. A utopia, or perfect world, gone awry is displayed in Aldous
Radon In this paper I will discuss the element called Radon. I will explain how and when this element was discovered, its\' physical characteristics, the natural environment of the element and the abundance in which it occurs. In addition, I will describe why Radon is important to humans, and other interesting facts related to this element. Radon has the symbol Rn. Its atomic number is 86 and its atomic weight is 222. The shell configuration is 2,8,18,32,18,8. Radon\'s most stable isotope is Rn
URANIUM NUCLEAR FRIEND OR NUCLEAR FOE On Monday August 6, 1945 the U.S. Bomber Enola Gay flew over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Seconds later a metallic projectile fell towards its target. In a blinding flash the world felt the power of a new age, the nuclear age. The study of radiation that would eventually lead to these uranium weapons began in 1798. It was in this year that the german chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth identified the element uranium. Uranium was not isolated in a metallic st
Environmental Protection Why focus on Environmental Protection? Almost any policy issue could serve to illustrate the significant themes, but environmental protection places them in particularly bold relief. It involves an extremely broad range of scientific information, including most of the physical, biological, and social sciences. The questions of risk and uncertainty that it presents are especially subtle. Furthermore, the environment provides an excellent example of what happens when these
Is Psychology a Science? In order to answer this question it is important to understand the definitions of both psychology and science. The word \'psychology\' comes from the Greek \'psyche\' (or soul) and \'logos\' (or study), which came to be known as the \'study of the soul\'. The American Heritage Dictionary defines psychology as: 1. the science dealing with the mind and with mental and emotional processes 2. the science of human and animal behavior. In its pure definition the dictionary has
Science Report Armstrong, Neil Alden: American astronaut, born in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. He served as a pilot in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War. After graduating from Purdue University, he joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration In 1966, Armstrong was command pilot of the Gemini 8 mission, which accomplished the first physical joining of two orbiting spacecraft. In July 1969, Armstrong, as commander of the Apollo 11 lunar mission, became the first person to set foot on t
Coral Reefs Coral reefs are arguably the world’s most beautiful habitats. Coral reefs have been called the rainforests of the oceans, because of the rich diversity of life they support. Scientists have not yet finished counting the thousands of different species of plants and animals that use or live in the coral reef. There are three types of coral reefs: fringing reefs, barrier reefs, and atolls. Fringing reefs are located close to shore, separated from land by only shallow water. Barrier reef
The Effects of HIV Mutations on the Immune System Science C.J. Stimson INTRODUCTION The topic of this paper is the human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, and whether or not mutations undergone by the virus allow it to survive in the immune system. The cost of treating all persons with AIDS in 1993 in the United States was $7.8 billion, and it is estimated that 20,000 new cases of AIDS are reported every 3 months to the CDC. This question dealing with how HIV survives in the immune system is of criti
Anthrolopoloy BOOK REVIEW Scientific racism claims that biological inheritance determines the character and behavior of social groups we identify as races. Despite its history of oppression and genocide, the scientific defense of racial inequality demonstrates a disturbing persistence. Murphy Ballen’s study of scientific racism in Great Britain and the United States in the 1920s and 1930s appropriately deals not with its demise but with its retreat. Making extensive use of private correspondence
EVOLUTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE\'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ........................... 16 DARWIN\'S INFLUENCES ....................................... 20 METH
Magic of the Mind PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION -----
DuPont: An investment analysis DuPont makes a variety of high-value products for industry today, including polymers, chemicals, fibers, and petroleum products...products for agriculture, electronics, transportation, apparel, food, aerospace, construction, and health care. DuPont serves customers in these and other industries every day, offering "better things for better living" as the company prepares to begin its third century of scientific, technological, commercial, and social achievement. Du
Cloning Cloning? What is it and what is a clone? Simply stated, a clone is a duplicate-- much like a photocopy is a duplicate, or copy, of a document. A good example of such "copies" that occur in nature are identical twins, which are duplicates of each other. On a daily basis, molecular geneticists and other scientists use cloning techniques to replicate various genetic materials such as gene segments and cells. In light of this relatively new science, many questions come to mind. How will thos
Creationism Traditionally creationism has roots in many religions. There are various forms of creationism in many cultures. One of the most popular tenets in cultures around the world are variation of pair of male and female that parent the entire earth of humans. They indicate generally that there is first cause of humans and animals, usually as a result of an omnipotent being. The Christian version of creationism, that preach God as the sole creator of everything, and that everything that we s
Black Holes: Infinity and Beyond If theories of their existence are true, black holes are the most powerful force in the known physical universe. Many people are familiar with the term black hole, but few people actually know anything about them. A black hole forms as a result of a massive star running out of fuel to burn (Chaisson, 193). Once the star is no longer exerting outward force by burning off gases, it begins to collapse under it’s own intense, inward gravity (Chaisson, 193). It is lik
"SHOULD CONGRESS DOWNSIZE THE U.S. MILITARY BUDGET ?" The issue of defense of the countru should be priority for every government. It is very good that American government created such strong army with the most modern machines and system of defense. The United States should be aware of conflicts and terrorists\' acts. It costs a lot of money, but safety of citizens should be provided in the first place. Every American feels, that he is his own country and he can be sure that in case of the war h