Dualism

Great Religions and Philosophies. : Greek Philosop
Great Religions and Philosophies. : Greek Philosop
Great Religions and Philosophies. : Greek Philosophy. In the 6th century B.C, there began a dualism in Greek Philosophy. The development of Greek Philosophy became a compromise between Greek monistic and oriental influences, in other words, a combination of intellectualism and mysticism. Thus began the pre-Socratic philosophy. The interests of pre- Socratic philosophers were centered on the world that surrounds man, the Cosmos. This was during the time of great internal and external disturbances
Mind And Machine
Mind And Machine
Mind And Machine Mind and Machine: The Essay Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and
Dualism
Dualism
Dualism I believe that the popular or ghost in the machine form of substance dualism best solves the mind body problem. My views in this area have been influenced by my twelve years of Catholic education. The soul, or mind, depending on your level of belief, was a complete and separate entity and was the center of a human being. The body was an ambulatory device that the soul directed. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central po
The Existence of External Forces
The Existence of External Forces
The Existence of External Forces To determine whether a particular action was decided upon by an individual or whether the action was predetermined one must study its cause. In studying cause one finds that there are two types of causes those that are typified by natural laws, such as a dropped book falling to the ground, and those typified by the moral considerations of men. This distinction is important because it shows both that no man can control his environment contrary to the laws of natur
Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Fo
Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Fo
Alfarabi and Aristotle: The Four Causes and The Four Stages of The Doctrine of The Intelligence Alfarabi was raised as a young boy in Baghdad. His early life was spent studying the art of linguistics, philosophy, and logic. His teachers were Syrian Christians experts in Greek philosophy. He studied Aristotle and Plato in detail, and it became evident in his later writings that they were a strong influence on him. He became quite a prolific writer, and he wrote more than 100 works, many of which
The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human
The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human
The Question of an Answer: What It Is To Be Human The body is socially constructed; and in this paper we explore the various and ever-changing constructions of the body, and thus of the embodied self......The one word, body, may therefore signify very different realities and perceptions of reality.....(Synnot 1992, 43) It has been said that in order to understand life and society, we as people must first understand ourselves. Who are we as a people? Who are we as individuals? Who are we as human
Divisibility Argument
Divisibility Argument
Divisibility Argument DIVISIBILITY ARGUMENT This paper will discuss the dualism’s Divisibility Argument. This argument relies on Leibniz’s Law and uses a different property to prove the distinctness of brain states of mental states. Mary, who is a materialist, presents several objections to that argument. Her main objection corresponds to the first/third-person approach. She believes that Dave presents that argument only from the first-person approach, which is introspection, and totally disrega
Functionalism According to Fodor and Searle
Functionalism According to Fodor and Searle
Functionalism According to Fodor and Searle Measuring the IQ of Mind and Machine: an Examination of Functionalism as Represented by Fodor and Searle Shanaree Sailor Fodor begins his article on the mind-body problem with a review of the current theories of dualism and materialism. According to dualism, the mind and body are two separate entities with the body being physical and the mind being nonphysical. If this is the case, though, then there can be no interaction between the two. The mind coul
Technology
Technology
Technology Technology has traditionally evolved as the result of human needs. Invention, when prized and rewarded, will invariably rise-up to meet the free market demands of society. It is in this realm that Artificial Intelligence research and the resultant expert systems have been forged. Much of the material that relates to the field of Artificial Intelligence deals with human psychology and the nature of consciousness. Exhaustive debate on consciousness and the possibilities of consciousness
Views Of Matter
Views Of Matter
Views Of Matter What exactly is matter, it is not an every day question that one asks one’s own self. When looked at there are many different views on this subject, however because of the numerous numbers of different views, it is only possible to look at three of the discourses. The three discourses of matter to be looked at are; the Religious, Scientific, and Philosophical. Each discourse has evolved through time into the views that we know, and accept today. The distinction between these view
The Salem witch trials
The Salem witch trials
The Salem witch trials The Salem witch trials began with the accusation of people in Salem of being witches. But the concept of witchcraft started far before these trials and false accusations occurred. In the early Christian centuries, the church was relatively tolerant of magical practices. Those who were proved to have engaged in witchcraft were required only to do penance. But in the late Middle Ages (13th century to 14th century) opposition to alleged witchcraft hardened as a result of the
The Work of Poet and Philosoher Archibald Lampman
The Work of Poet and Philosoher Archibald Lampman
The Work of Poet and Philosoher Archibald Lampman Poet and philosopher Archibald Lampman (1861-1899) led not a life of his own, but an existance forced upon him by peers and an unfeeling and cold society. Dying far before his time, Lampman led a life of misery. He was supported only by a few close friends and his immortal poetry. This essay is founded around one particular of his works but I feel it necessary to discuss the conditions in which he lived in order to fully understand what he was tr
A poetic Analysis
A poetic Analysis
A poetic Analysis Poet and philosopher Archibald Lampman (1861-1899) led not a life of his own, but an existance forced upon him by peers and an unfeeling and cold society. Dying far before his time, Lampman led a life of misery. He was supported only by a few close friends and his immortal poetry. This essay is founded around one particular of his works but I feel it necessary to discuss the conditions in which he lived in order to fully understand what he was trying to express and/or symbolize
Theory of Knowledge
Theory of Knowledge
Theory of Knowledge Epiphenomenalism Epiphenomenalism states that the brain controls our mind. However our mind contains no ability to control or have any effect on our brain, i.e. A smoke factory controls the smoke however the smoke has no effect on the factory. Epiphenomenalism also demands that that there is only a one way physical to mental relationship, which obviously means there is no mental to physical relationship(which means that our mind can not control what our body can do physically
The Metaethics of
The Metaethics of
The Metaethics of Ayn Rand and Objectivism Foundations of Ethics January 2001 Table of Contents o Introduction ……………………………………………….. p. 3-5 Early Ayn Rand …………………………………… p. 5-6 Literary Period ………………………….…………. p. 7-8 Philosophical Period ……………………………… p. 8-9 o Metaethics ………………………………………………… p.9-10 Existence as Primary …………..……....………… p. 10-11 Animate vs. Inanimate Objects ………………….. p. 11-13 Life and Value ………………….…………………. p. 13-14 Fact and Value: The Randian Synthesis ………... p. 15-17 The Rationa
Leonard Cohen’s Song “The Future” & The Philos
Leonard Cohen’s Song “The Future” & The Philos
Leonard Cohen’s Song “The Future” The Philosophy Behind His Lyrics Leonard Cohen, famous songwriter, wrote a song that has a disturbing yet tragically realistic prophecy of the future of human civilization. His lyrics present a model of the effect of the demise of dualism and the rise of postmodernism in today’s American society, as well as cultures around the world. How should the Christian community respond to the collapse of modernity in a world so full of hopelessness? Cohen’s song, titled “
Nietzsche vs Descartes
Nietzsche vs Descartes
Nietzsche vs Descartes Descartes explains the apparent distinction and significance of the human mind over the body in his Meditations on First Philosophy, claiming that the mind (the conscious) is the lone essential part of the human essence. Nietzsche expresses his beliefs that the body (the unconscious) is key to the human essence. One may find it difficult to decide between these two ideas, for both philosophers pose good arguments on the contradicting sides of this famous dilemma. However,
Descartes
Descartes
Descartes Descartes is famed by is familiar notion, I think therefore I am (Cogito, ergo sum.). It is a conclusion he has reached in his second meditation after much deliberation on the existence of anything certain. After he discovers his ability to doubt and to understand , he is able to substantiate his necessary existence as a consequence. What we doubt or understand may not ultimately correspond, but we can never be uncertain that we are in the process of thought. This idea is a major compo
Happiness: Platonic, Aristotelian and Beyond
Happiness: Platonic, Aristotelian and Beyond
Happiness: Platonic, Aristotelian and Beyond HON 101 11-21-03 The ancient Greek word eudaimonia (eudaimonia), translated most often into English as ‘happiness,’ derives from its roots ‘eu’ – approximated as ‘good’ – and ‘daimon’ – meaning spirit (M-W). The etymology of this term for “good spirit” reveals the inadequacy of ‘happiness’ as its translation. The fleeting, immediate emotion usually called ‘happy’ in English differs from the more lasting personality, disposition and condition implied b
ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PROGRESS IN THAILAND, 1985-
ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PROGRESS IN THAILAND, 1985-
ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PROGRESS IN THAILAND, 1985-95 Here is a list of the main measurable indicators of economic growth and structural change for Thailand to be observed by World Bank staff members who are visiting there. To ensure a successful tour of business meeting between the World Bank representatives and the Thai government and their business executives, I feel that a thorough understanding of the Southeast Asia\'s (although the main focus will be Thailand\'s) economic growth is necessar
Worldview
Worldview
Worldview Part I Question 2 What is a Worldview? People respond to different situations in different ways. The reason people respond to situations differently is because of their worldview. A worldview is: Our world view determines our values. It helps us interpret the world around us. It sorts out what is important from what is not, what is of highest value from what is least (TTV, 32). So our worldview affects everyday decisions. It tells us what to eat, what to wear, and how to act. The wor
Christianity
Christianity
Christianity The Romans were the first true force to convert to Christianity. During their reign they would conquer and command heathen tribes into obeying this new found religion. However, the Roman Empire would decay, disappear and then it was left to another group to take over. The Irish would eventually become a driving force behind Christianity; peaceably converting and forming new ideas and thought behind the religion itself. Thus, the Irish unknowingly save civilization. To put things in
Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas Hearings
Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas Hearings
Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas Hearings On the surface, the Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas hearings seemed to be relatively simple, wherein a man who was a candidate for one of the country\'s most prestigious positions was challenged by a former co-worker claiming sexual misconduct. It seemed at first to be a story that the American public was somewhat familiar with: politicians and prestigious men have been linked several times before with charges involving sexual misconduct. However, when we get a clo
Descartes
Descartes
Descartes Descartes was a jack of all trades, making major contributions to the areas of anatomy, cognitive science, optics, mathematics and philosophy. Underlying his methodology is the belief that all science is based on mathematics. This is manifested in his unification of ancient geometry and his new alegbra based on the Cartesian coodinate system. For Descartes, certainty in philosphy and in mathematics is gained through understanding. We may know that two apples and two apples makes four
Violence on Children's Television
Violence on Children's Television
Violence on Children\'s Television April 1995 Are today\'s children being exposed to too much violence via television? I think so. From the teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, to the Mighty Morphin\' Power Rangers, kids are always being exposed to the rock-\'em-sock-\'em heroes of T.V., or the brainless violence of Beavis and Butthead. When we live in a country where our children watch an average of three to four hours of television daily quote}, That is a large number of punches, kicks, and many othe
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong Dressed in the drab military uniform that symbolized the revolutionary government of Communist China, Mao Zedong\'s body still looked powerful, like an giant rock in a gushing river. An enormous red flag draped his coffin, like a red sail unfurled on a Chinese junk, illustrating the dualism of traditional China and the present Communist China that typified Mao. 1 A river of people flowed past while he lay in state during the second week of September 1976. Workers, peasants, soldiers a
Philosophy
Philosophy
Philosophy Philosophy originated from the Greek language. It is made up of two words: philein which means to love and sophia which means wisdom. There are three fundamental questions in the field of philosophy which are referred to as the Existential Concerns. What can I know?, What ought I to do?, What is the meaning of life and my place in the universe? These complex questions are discussed in the basic areas of philosophy. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge. The major question
Ayn Rand and Objectivism: An Introduction
Ayn Rand and Objectivism: An Introduction
Ayn Rand and Objectivism: An Introduction opinions and beliefs, but he finally accepts that they will not leave his mind and his destiny is sealed. In his recognition of his core belief (individual freedom), he knows that he cannot resist this immutable freedom. Briefly, this sentence is the summary of man\'s existence. Man knows he is selfish and those who allow self-interest permeate their being are often called greedy or evil. However, without selfishness, man is reduced from an advanced mind
Hand of Darkness
Hand of Darkness
Hand of Darkness INTRODUCTION The genre of science fiction is often looked down upon as the refuge of acne-scarred teenagers or for those not capable of dealing with the real world. Granted, a large amount of science fiction is geared towards these people. But there is a greater amount of science fiction that is serious literature. It would be more proper to call this type of writing speculative fiction. Speculative fiction, as such, is an exploration of the potential of mankind and the horrors
Convicting Raskolnikov
Convicting Raskolnikov
Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevsky\'s views on Criminal Justice At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky\'s journey toward understanding the forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from U
Great Expectations vs. Oliver Twist
Great Expectations vs. Oliver Twist
Great Expectations vs. Oliver Twist During his lifetime, Charles Dickens is known to have written several books. Although each book is different, they also share many similarities. Two of his books, Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, are representatives of the many kinds of differences and similarities found within his work. Perhaps the reason why these two novels share some of the same qualities is because they both reflect painful experiences which occurred in Dickens\' past. During his chil
Great Expectations vs Oliver
Great Expectations vs Oliver
Great Expectations vs Oliver GREAT EXPECTATIONS vs. OLIVER TWIST     During his lifetime, Charles Dickens is known to have written several books. Although each book is different, they also share many similarities. Two of his books, Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, are representatives of the many kinds of differences and similarities found within his work.   Perhaps the reason why these two novels share some of the same qualities is because they both reflect painful experiences which occurred