Astronomy Page 3

Ancient civilizations Introduction Now it is hard to see the beautiful night sky. Because of pollution that the human race made but long long ago when there was no pollution you could see the night clearly. Ancient people drew pictures of the stars that looked like things they had seen on earth. But more importantly they noticed that the moon and stars changed shape and position that’s how the first calendars came about they told you about the position of stars and the position and shape of the
The Big Bang It is always a mystery about how the universe began, whether if and when it will end. Astronomers construct hypotheses called cosmological models that try to find the answer. There are two types of models: Big Bang and Steady State. However, through many observational evidences, the Big Bang theory can best explain the creation of the universe. The Big Bang model postulates that about 15 to 20 billion years ago, the universe violently exploded into being, in an event called the Big
Renaissance vs. Modern Times Many people believe that the Renaissance and Contemporary times are related. However, the Renaissance Era was vastly different in comparison to modern times. In review of the early European Voyages of Exploration and the modern day explorations, there were major differences in the missions, motives, and the pursuit of answers to questions of those eras. The objective of my report is to discuss the differences in exploration and astronomy in the Renaissance period in
Pythagoras of Samos Born: about 580 BC in Samos, Ionia Died: about 500 BC in Metapontum, Lucania Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek philosopher responsible for important developments in mathematics, astronomy and the theory of music. He left Samos because of the tyrant who ruled there and went to southern Italy about 532 BC. He founded a philosophical and religious school in Croton that had many followers. Although the theorem now known as Pythagoras\'s theorem was known to the Babylonians 1000 yea
Archaeogeodesy Archaeogeodesy can be defined as that area of study encompassing prehistoric and ancient place determination, point positioning, navigation (on land or water), astronomy, geodynamic phenomena, and measure and representation of the earth. Archaeogeodesy, by combining fundamental astronomy, geodetic knowledge, applied mathematics, accurate positional data and archaeology, presents a methodology for investigating the placements, interrelationships, spatial properties, arrangements an
Thomas Jonathan Jackson Timeline 1824 January 21 Thomas Jonathan Jackson was born at Clarksburg, [West] Virginia. Parents: Jonathan Jackson (1790-1826) an attorney, and Julia Beckwith Neale (1798-1831). They were married in September 1817 and had four children: Elizabeth (1819-1826); Warren (1821-1841); Thomas (1824-1863), and Laura Ann (1826-1911). Gen. Stonewall Jackson From the original image in the VMI Archives Photograph collection 1826 March Jackson\'s sister Elizabeth (age 6) and his fath
A Study in Scarlet A Study in Scarlet was written in 1887 by Sir Arthur Doyle. It was a mysterious case of love, murder, and revenge. Mr. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson used the science of deduction to solve this mysterious case and catch the killer. The first section of the book took place in 1878 in London, England. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson shared an apartment together on 221b Baker street. The first murder was held in Lauriston Gardens. The second murder took place in Hallidays Pri
“Asteroids: Our Minor Planets” Earth is one sole object in the universe, which everyone is familiar with. Stretching beyond this planet are several other planets in the solar system and several thousand other celestial objects also known to revolve around the sun. These minor objects are called asteroids. Asteroids are metallic, rocky objects without atmospheres that orbit the Sun. Even though they orbit the sun, they are too small to be classified as planets, so they are often referred to as mi
Uranus On March thirteenth, 1781 a great discovery was made. The first planet to be observed since ancients times was noted. This discovery was made by sir William Herschel. William Herschel was an English astronomer. He was born November fifteenth, 1783, in Germany. He relocated to England in 1757 and died August twenty fifth, 1822. He settled in England with his assistant and sister Caroline. H e was a scientist and spent his years practicing as an astronomer until he retired late in life. He
The Solar System Dealing with planets, galaxies, comets, meteors, and stars, astronomy is the science which studies the astral bodies. Astronomy also provides the basis for other physics-related sciences such as astrophysics and cosmology. The main staples of astronomy include: the solar system, nearby stars, asteroids, galaxies, and comets. The Solar System Newton\'s law of gravitation concluded that a force was present between the sun and each of the planets, which caused a strong attraction.
Benjamin Franklin-Scientist and Inventor American Studies May 20, 1996 Benjamin Franklin has influenced American technology, and indirectly, lifestyles by using his proficiencies and intelligence to conduct numerous experiments, arrive at theories, and produce several inventions. Franklin\'s scientific and analytical mind enabled him to generate many long lasting achievements which contributed to the development and refinement of modern technology. Few national heroes, including George Washingto
Pythagoras Pythagoras (fl. 530 BCE) must have been one of the world\'s greatest men, but he wrote nothing, and it is hard to say how much of the doctrine we know as Pythagorean is due to the founder of the society and how much is later development. It is also hard to say how much of what we are told about the life of Pythagoras is trustworthy; for a mass of legend gathered around his name at an early date. Sometimes he is represented as a man of science, and sometimes as a preacher of mystic doc
An Ultimate Learning Environment Being young adults, we will someday be the future leaders in this world. It will be our responsibility to design an education system that will bridge right and left brain learning in order to realize the full spectrum of human potential [that] loom[s] enticingly before us. (Margaret Hatcher, Whole Brain Learning.) The full potential of the human brain is now within reach. To develop our brain to this potential is the greatest challenge for educators. Our class
Digital Photography Digital photography, which is also called ‘digital imaging’ since it does not involve the use of film started in the sixties. The original development of the technology is at NASA when they required that exploration spacecraft, unable to return to earth, to be capable of sending back pictures of their voyages. The digital camera, like the standard film camera, uses a lens to focus the image on a sensor. The usual film camera depends on a film to capture the image but the digi
UFO PHENOMENONS Khieng Ngoy Professor Lash Critical Thinking March 15, 1999 Two brothers by the name of Jesse and John noticed an odd looking metallic structure down the hill near their house in Rogerville, Tennessee. When they turned around, a very tall slender humanoid-like being emitted a bright light from his stick and that’s when he and his brother blacked out. When Jesse awoke, he found himself being carried through metal corridors, and then he was placed on a cold table. Although Jesse wa
Benjamin Banneker Benjamin Banneker was one the best-known black people in early United States history. He was an astronomer, farmer, mathematician and surveyor. He contributed greatly to the rise of African Americans in science. Benjamin Banneker was born in 1731 near Baltimore. His grandmother, an Englishwoman, taught him how to read and write. For many year he attended a small school open to blacks and whites. There he developed an interest in mathematics and science. Later, while farming, he
Sir Christopher Wren Sir Christopher Wren was born on Oct. 20, 1632, in East Knoyle, Wiltshire, England. Wren, the son of a rector, was the youngest child, the only boy, and delicate in health. Before Christopher was three, his father was appointed dean of Windsor, and the Wren family moved into the court. It was among the intellectuals around Charles I that the boy first developed his mathematical interests. His life at Windsor was disrupted by the outbreak of civil war in 1642. The deanery was
Descartes How does Descartes try to extricate himself from the sceptical doubts that he has raised? Does he succeed? [All page references and quotations from the Meditations are taken from the 1995 Everyman edition] In the Meditations, Descartes embarks upon what Bernard Williams has called the project of \'Pure Enquiry\' to discover certain, indubitable foundations for knowledge. By subjecting everything to doubt Descartes hoped to discover whatever was immune to it. In order to best understand
ARISTOTLE Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato\'s Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his named H
Response to Limerick Vikas Mehta Rhet 105 Nash 3-4:15 After reading Limerick\'s essay on education, one gets the feeling that she is writing for the ideal education process. Her topic dealing with the relationship between the student and teacher is so vital to the new generation of students coming up. The beginning of her essay reminds me of elementary school. All my teachers would love to see us all motivated, excited, and ready to learn something. They wanted to hear are opinions and discuss t
Uranus Because Uranus is the 7th planet from the sun, not only is it cold, but it\'s barely visible too. During the night the only way you can see it is through binoculars or telescope; sometimes on a clear night it\'s visible to the naked eye. Even from the planet it is dark. Only 15moons are able to be seen, the rest is too dark to tell. Uranus was discovered with a telescope, by William Herschel. Uranus reaches a maximum brightness of magnitude 5.5 and can be seen by the naked eye as a faint
Rene Descartes Rene Descartes was a French mathematician, philosopher, and scientist. His many contributions in the fields of science, mathematics, rational thought, scientific method, and astrononomy established him as one of the great minds in history. Many consider Descartes as the first of the modern school of mathematics. He is also often called the father of modern philosophy. He was one of the founders of coordinate geomoetry and algebraic notation, and his interest in astronomy led to ma
NEW ATLANTIS WE sailed from Peru, where we had continued by the space of one whole year, for China and Japan, by the South Sea, taking with us victuals for twelve months; and had good winds from the east, though soft and weak, for five months\' space and more. But then the wind came about, and settled in the west for many days, so as we could make little or no way, and were sometimes in purpose to turn back. But then again there arose strong and great winds from the south, with a point east; whi
Leonardo Da Vinci In an age of exploration, Leonardo was the boldest explorer of all. As Cooper writes, while his fellow countryman Christopher Columbus was discovering America, Leonardo in a sense was discovering the world (3). Leonardo had one of the greatest minds of the Renaissance. His inventions were ahead of his time. His art set the standard for later Renaissance artists. Most impressive is his variety of talents and achievements. He mastered all his subjects of study. He is the symbol o
Egypt Crystal Heaven Anthropology Research Paper 9 December 98 The Egyptian Hall at the Carnegie Museum is an excellent way to study ancient Egyptian culture. I was surprised to see all of the interesting facts I could gather about the culture I once knew very little about. The research project for my anthropology class taught me a lot about the history of Egypt, and now I know more about the culture than I ever thought I would. The first topic about Egypt we were to study was its geography. The
Photography Photography is a technique of producing permanent images on sensitized surfaces by means of the photochemical action of light or other forms of radiant energy. In today\'s society, photography plays important roles as an information medium, as a tool in science and technology, and as an art form, and it is also a popular hobby. It is essential at every level of business and industry, being used in advertising, documentation, photojournalism, and many other ways. Scientific research,
Astronauts The Astronauts, the only people who have had the wonderful chance to step outside this atmosphere. Astronauts conduct experiments and gather information for anything from finding out how other living creatures survive in space to seeing how the human body can handle zero-g conditions. Astronauts must undergo training in order to perform one of the most dangerous jobs due to the fact that in space there is no 911. Robert H. Goddard and Hermann Oberth are recognized as the fathers of sp
Roger Bacon Roger Bacon was an English Scholastic philosopher who studied geometry, music, and astronomy. He was born in 1214 and died in 1294. He was born in Ilchester, Somersetshire and he was educated at the Oxford and the University of Paris. It was at Oxford where he attained an interest in math and science. Upon his tenure at Oxford he joined a religious group called the Franciscans. The Franciscans were a religious order founded by Saint Francis of Assisi in 1208. They, as a way of life,
Ferinand Magellan Ferinand Magellan was a Portuguese sea captain who commanded the first expedition that sailed around the world. The Voyage was the first positive piece of proof that the earth is round. Magellan was born around 1480 in northern Portugal. His parents were members of the nobility, died when he was ten. He became a page at the Portuguese court at age twelve to Queen Leonor. His position served as a means of education for sons of the Portuguese nobility. While at court, Ferdinand l
Robert Boyle The English scene of the seventeenth century is a particularly rich one with regard to its contributions to the scientific revolution. The discovery and development of America moved Britain from the edge of the civilized world into the center of the new world, in which the sciences were to play a major role. During this period, in the field of chemistry, theories which offered direct opposition to Aristotelian natural philosophy and Paracelsian principles were rapidly disseminating.
Rockets A model rocket is a miniature rocket patterned after military or space rockets. Model rockets usually eight less than 4.5 kilograms. Many of them measure between 20 and 61 centimeters long. Model rockets can elevate as high as 480 kilometers an hour.(Rocket,Model World Book Encyclopedia 1992) Rocketry is dated back to 1048 AD were the Chinese knew them as “Fire Arrows.” Rockets first came to the new world during the war of 1812. Rockets are used in war, space travel, and scientific resea
American Revolution In my opinion historical change is due to revolution.One deffinition of revolution isa group of successive events or changes. Revolution has veen the cause of historical changtes since the beginning oof time. Revolutions have been fought for many different reasons. In the early 1500\'s, religion was a main issue of change. Catholicism wss the accepted religion but many people didn\'t agree with the catholic doctrine. People such as Martin Luther started a movement that would
Lowell Observatory Lowell Observatory is located in Flagstaff, Arizona. It was established in 1894 by Dr. Percival Lowell. Dr. Percival borrowed several telescopes and managed to collect a small staff and began making observations of the sky. In 1896, Dr. Percival got a 24-inch Alvan Clark refracting telescope that was 32 feet long. Costing $20,000, it is housed in a dome made of Ponderosa pine, the dome was built in ten days with ten men, using no tools. To this day is still standing, and is re
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician, physicist and astronomer. He is considered to be the greatest mathematician of his time, equal to the likes of Archimedes and Isaac Newton. He is frequently called the founder of modern mathematics. It must also be noted that his work in the fields of astronomy and physics (especially the study of electromagnetism) is nearly as significant as that in mathematics. He also contributed much to crystallography, optic
The Universe It is always a mystery about how the universe began, whether if and when it will end. Astronomers construct hypotheses called cosmological models that try to find the answer. There are two types of models: Big Bang and Steady State. However, through many observational evidences, the Big Bang theory can best explain the creation of the universe. The Big Bang model postulates that about 15 to 20 billion years ago, the universe violently exploded into being, in an event called the Big
Gustav Robert Kirchhoff Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was an obscure German physicist whose experiments and findings revolutionized modern science. Kirchhoff made findings in the area of Astronomy, Spectroscopy, and Circuitry. He taught for many years at different Universities, and published several books about Mathematical Physics. He also discovered two elements with the help of a chemist named Bunsen. Kirchoff made many contributions have been in the field of circuitry. It was Kirchhoff that discov
The Sun Ryan Bender Geology Period-3 10/5/98 Of all the stars in our galaxy we find our Sun the most important. For the sun supports life on earth and keeps the planets in a certain line.Without the sun we could not survive. History of the Sun People have studied the stars since day one. Many cultures have studied and worshiped the sun. This was the earliest form of studying the moon. In 1611Galileo, using the telescope that he invented, discovered dark spots on the moon. Galileo blazed the wa
The Big Bang Theory Vs Biblical Views George Gamow Georges Lemaitre\'s Jesus Christ To begin with, we must first recognize the purpose of this essay. I intend to address the issue that has boggled the minds of scientists since the beginning of man. That complex question that has only been proven by theory. How was the earth created? Up until recently it was taken for granted by most people that the only possible explanation to this complicated problem was that God, the creator of all things, und
The Lowell Observatory Lowell Observatory is located in Flagstaff, Arizona. It was established in 1894 by Dr. Percival Lowell. Dr. Percival borrowed several telescopes and managed to collect a small staff and began making observations of the sky. In 1896, Dr. Percival got a 24-inch Alvan Clark refracting telescope that was 32 feet long. Costing $20,000, it is housed in a dome made of Ponderosa pine, the dome was built in ten days with ten men, using no tools. To this day is still standing, and i
Acient Mathematics The earliest records of advanced, organized mathematics date back to the ancient Mesopotamian country of Babylonia and to Egypt of the 3rd millennium BC. There mathematics was dominated by arithmetic, with an emphasis on measurement and calculation in geometry and with no trace of later mathematical concepts such as axioms or proofs. The earliest Egyptian texts, composed about 1800 BC, reveal a decimal numeration system with separate symbols for the successive powers of 10 (1,
THE ROOTS OF CHRISTIANITY Religion is an impulse to explain. A natural impulse that everyone has and everyone one grapples with. It’s an impulse that, sadly and ironically, has been exploited to convince people to take actions that defy and demean that impulse. These exploiters are the ruling elite of nearly every society, in every era. It’s not hard to understand the false sense of security and comfort of faith that religion provides. Religious faith, which is a set of rules, is a tool used by
Galileo Galileo was born near Pisa, on February 15, 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, played an important role in the musical revolution from medieval polyphony to harmonic modulation. Galileo was taught by monks at Vallombrosa and then entered the University of Pisa in 1581 to study medicine. He soon turned to philosophy and mathematics, leaving the university without a degree in 1585. For a time, he tutored privately and wrote on hydrostatics and natural motions, but he did not publish them.
Science Report Armstrong, Neil Alden: American astronaut, born in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. He served as a pilot in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War. After graduating from Purdue University, he joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration In 1966, Armstrong was command pilot of the Gemini 8 mission, which accomplished the first physical joining of two orbiting spacecraft. In July 1969, Armstrong, as commander of the Apollo 11 lunar mission, became the first person to set foot on t
Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries It was during the 16th and 17th centuries when man\'s view of the unvierse and himself changed drastically. This came after a millenium of repetition and stagnation in the development of science. People finally began questioning what they were told, and they went out to find proof rather than assuming on the basis of authority and common sense. These advances in astronomy and medicine came about in the same era, and were not
Big Bang It is always a mystery about how the universe began, whether if and when it will end. Astronomers construct hypotheses called cosmological models that try to find the answer. There are two types of models: Big Bang and Steady State. However, through many observational evidences, the Big Bang theory can best explain the creation of the universe. The Big Bang model postulates that about 15 to 20 billion years ago, the universe violently exploded into being, in an event called the Big Bang
Your Bones in Space ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE Hypogravitational Osteoporosis: A review of literature. By Lambert Titus Parker. May 19 1987. Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by an absolute decrease in the amount of bone present to a level below which it is capable of maintaining the structural integrity of the skeleton. To state the obvious, Human beings have evolved under Earth\'s gravity 1G. Our musculoskeleton system have developed to help us navigate in this gravitational field, en
Werner Heisenberg and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Werner Heisenberg, born in the dawn of the twentieth century became one of its greatest physicists; he is also among its most controversial. While still in his early twenties, he was among the handful of bright, young men who created quantum mechanics, the basic physics of the atom, and he became a leader of nuclear physics and elementary particle research. He is best known for his uncertainty principle, a component of the so-called Cope
Importance of the Renaissance Period for European Overseas Exploration The purpose of this essay is to explain why the Renaissance must have occurred in order for Europe to begin overseas exploration. During the Renaissance, many new ideas formed, and many old ideas were reborn. Some of these ideas that affected overseas exploration for Europe are technological advancements in cartography, printing, and navigational devices for ships. The word Renaissance means “rebirth of knowledge”. during the
The Superstring Theory Abstract: The Superstring theory is quite possibly one of the leading Theories of Everything. Meaning that, it proven, it would postulate all of physics in one equation. The history of Superstrings and the conditions that brought it forth are viewed as wells as the impending implications of this discovery. Notice: This research paper approaches the subject of Superstrings from a quantitative viewpoint due to the lack of breadth of mind (of the author). Meaning, the autho
Black Hole On December 3, 1995, astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope identified a black hole in the galaxy NGC 4621, located 100 million light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Virgo. This is the second super-massive black hole that astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have found. Astronomers believe that the mass of this black hole is about 1.2 billion times the mass of our sun, but it is concentrated in a space that is not any bigger than our solar system T