Astronomy Page 2

Emperor K’ang-hsi Emperor K’ang-hsi ruled China from 1661 to 1722 and his reign is captured by Jonathan D. Spence’s book Emperor of China. The different chapters of the book deal with certain aspects of the Emperors life. Aspects that the history books to normally deal with. The information in Spence’s book is based on Emperor K’ang-hsi’s correspondence, his own writings. This writing maybe biased towards himself, but no other piece of information could provide insight into his mind. The book is
Galileo Galileo was that guy who invented the telescope. This is what most people say when they think about Galileo. However, Galileo did not even invent the telescope; he only made improvements to it so it could be used for astronomy. Galileo did use it to make many important discoveries about astronomy, though; many of these discoveries helped to prove that the sun was the center of the galaxy. Galileo also made many important contributions to Physics; he discovered that the path of a projecti
Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei was born at Pisa on the 18th of February in 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, belonged to a noble family and had gained some distinction as a musician and a mathematician. At an early age, Galileo manifested his ability to learn both mathematical and mechanical types of things, but his parents, wishing to turn him aside from studies which promised no substantial return, steered him toward some sort of medical profession. But this had no effect on Galileo. During
Plato Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witn
The Life And Works Aristotle When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king\'s young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned
The Ancient Maya The Maya of Mesoamerica, along with the Aztecs of Mexico and the Incas of Peru, made up the high civilizations of the American Indians at the time of the Spanish conquest. Both the Aztecs and the Incas were late civilizations, between 1300-1533 AD, but the Maya of the Yucatan and Guatemala exhibited a cultural continuity spanning more than 2,000 years, 1000 BC-AD 1542. Many aspects of this culture continue yet today. The Ancient Maya in their time had actually refined writing. T
Amerigo Vespucci Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer was born in Florence, Italy in the year of 1454. Florence was a good city to grow up in for young Amerigo, because of the growing interest in the field of exploration. Some of the adults told young Amerigo about the wonders and riches of the Indies. Like the other Italian boys in his village, undoubtedly Amerigo was fascinated with by those tales. Amerigo lived in the Ognissanti section of Florence with a lot of the Vespucci family. The Vesp
Ancient Egypt The giant pyramids, temples, and tombs of ancient Egypt tell an exciting story about a nation that rose to power more than 5,000 years ago. This mighty civilization crumbled before conquering armies after 2,500 years of triumph and glory. The dry air and drifting desert sands have preserved many records of ancient Egypt until modern times. The ancient Egyptians lived colorful, active, and eventful lives. Many were creative artists, skilled craftsmen, and adventurous explorers. Bold
Roman Mythology The ancient Greek and ancient Roman religion was the belief in gods. They had similar beliefs, but also vast differences. They came from each other and gave their people a form of morality. It was composed of many meaningful gods and goddesses that all played a part in the everyday life of the average Roman and Greek person of that time. They believed in something called polytheism. It is the belief of many gods; each given a personality, function, relationship to each other thro
The Effects of Aristotelian Teleological Thought on Darwin\'s Mechanistic Views of Evolution Jordan Hoffman The need to understand organisms has been a much sought goal of science since its birth as biology. History shows Aristotle and Charles Darwin as two of the most powerful biologists of all time. Aristotle\'s teleological method was supported widely for over 2,000 years. One scientist remarks that the Aristotelian teleology has been the ghost, the unexplained mystery which has haunted biol
Greek Literature GREEK LITERATURE. The great British philosopher-mathematician Alfred North Whitehead once commented that all philosophy is but a footnote to Plato . A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. Over a period of more than ten centuries, the ancient Greeks created a literature of such brilliance that it has rarely been equaled and never surpassed. In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired, influenced, and c
Pythagoras Pythagoras was a very significant person in the history of the world. He made many contributions to the fields of math, music, and astronomy. Pythagoras\'s teachings and beliefs that were once taught by him in his own school in ancient Greece, are still taught today. The thing that Pythagoras is probably the most famous for is the Pythagorean Theorem. The Pythagorean Theorem is used in the field of mathematics and it states the following: the square of the hypotenuse of a right triang
William Gibson\'s Neuromancer: Cyberspace As described by William Gibson in his science fiction novel Neuromancer, cyberspace was a Consensual hallucination that felt and looked like a physical space but actuallly was a computer-generated construct representing abstract data. Years later, mankind has realized that Gibson\'s vision is very close to reality. The term cyberspace was frequently used to explain or describe the process in which two computers connect with each other through various t
The Creation of the Universe In my short life on this planet I have come to question things that many take upon blind faith. We all know that we must some day die; yet we continuously deny the forces at work inside ourselves, which want to search out the answers of what may or may not come after. It is far easier for humanity to accept that they will go to a safe haven and be rewarded for their lives with pleasures and fantasies of an unfathomable scale than to question the existence of a suppos
Biography Of Mark Twain Samuel Clemens based his works on things that occurred throughout his personal life. He gained many interests and talents while on the Mississippi River that contributed to his writings. Samuel Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri. He was two months premature. AT the time of his birth, Haley\'s comet was in the sky. Four years after Clemens was born, his family moved to Hannibal, Missouri. He grew up there on the Mississippi River. The river supporte
Chaco canyon CHACO CANYON Grade: 84 Language: english System: COLLEGE Country: USA Authors Comments: ABOUT THE ANASAZI INDIANS Teachers Comments: WELL WRITTEN jim barry 11/4/96 The Anasazi, who were named by the Navajos, knew how to chart the seasons by observing the sky. The biggest mystery of Chaco Canyon is why the Anasazidecided to leave the home that they had built over so many years. the one thing that is quite interesting is that they were able to construct such a magnificent piece of arc
Skylab Skylab was America\'s first experimental space station. Some of Skylab\'s program objectives were: To prove that humans could live and work in space for extended periods, and to expand our knowledge of solar astronomy well beyond Earth-based observations. Skylab made much use of Saturn and Apollo equipment. Through the use of a dry third stage of the Saturn V rocket, the station was completely made as a workshop area before launch. Crews visited Skylab and returned to earth in the Apoll
Creation Vs Evolution In my short life on this planet I have come to question things that many take upon blind faith. We all know that we must some day die; yet we continuously deny the forces at work inside ourselves, which want to search out the answers of what may or may not come after. It is far easier for humanity to accept that they will go to a safe haven and be rewarded for their lives with pleasures and fantasies of an unfathomable scale than to question the existence of a supposed omni
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark \' to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark. Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language. Some examples of common English abbreviations are don\'t for do not , shouldn\'t for should not , etc. for et cet
Dylan Thomas Honors English 12 10 may 2004 Dylan Thomas was born on October 27, 1914 in Swansea, Wales. His father was a teacher and his mother was a housewife. Thomas was a sickly child who had a slightly introverted personality and shied away from school. He didn’t do well in math or science, but excelled in Reading and English. He left school at age 17 to become a journalist. In November of 1934, at age 20, he moved to London to continue to pursue a career in writing. His first collection of
JOSQUIN DESPREZ 1440 - 1521 Desprez was considered one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music. Josquin Desprez was born in 1440. Desprez was born in an area ruled by a duke. It was named the Duchy of Burgundy in modern day Belgium. He lived mainly in Italy. Desprez died in 1521. Josquin Desprez did a lot of music work. He was involved with church work. Josquin was very religious. Desprez was employed in Milan. He was also a singer at the Papal Chapel in Rome. He was a music te
Question #1 11/17/02 period 1 Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. In this book, he challenged the Ptolemaic system in the most conservative manner possible. The Ptolemaic system assumed that the Earth was the center of the universe. Above the Earth lay a series of crystalline spheres, which contained the sun, moon, stars, and other planets. Copernicus said that if the Earth were assumed to move about the sun in a circle, many of the d
Question #2 11/18/02 period 1 The word “revolution” normally denotes rapid political change involving large numbers of people. The Scientific Revolution was not rapid, nor did it involve more than a few hundred human beings. It was a complex movement with many false starts and many brilliant people with wrong as well as useful ideas. It was truly revolutionary by the fact that the fields of science such as astronomy and mathematics, were progressing at an amazing rate. Political revolutions, if
Question #4 11/20/02 period 1 With the work of Newton, the natural universe became a realm of law and regularity. Beliefs in spirits and divinities were no longer necessary to explain its operation. Thus, the Scientific Revolution liberated human beings from the fear of a chaotic or haphazard universe. Most of the scientists were very devout people. They saw in the new picture of physical nature a new picture also of God. The Creator of this rational, lawful nature must also be rational. To stud
1984 Essay 11/23/02 period 1 The Scientific Revolution was a period of developments in scientific thought about the universe and humanity’s place in it. The Catholic Church believed in the Ptolemaic system, or the geocentric system, where the earth was the center of the universe. Copernicus and other astronomers would prove this theory wrong. Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. In this book, he challenged the Ptolemaic system in the m
The French Revolution I. Absolutism A. Absolutism defined 1. In the absolutist state, sovereignty resided in kings--not the nobility or the parliament--who considered themselves responsible to God alone. 2. Absolute kings created new state bureaucracies and standing armies, regulated all the institutions of government, and secured the cooperation of the nobility. a. Some historians deny that absolutism was a stage of development that followed feudalism, but, instead, was administrative monarchy.
History Men M edici, Lorenzo de: From Italy during the Renaissance. The Medici’s riches gained them political control in Florence. They established one of the first public libraries in Europe. The most notable and most generous patron of the Medici family was Lorenzo de Medici, called “Il Magnifico”. Italian Humanist Writers P etrarch, Francesco: (1304 – 1374) From Italy. Known as the “Father of Humanism”. He was the son of a Florentine merchant. As a youth, he followed his father’s wishes and e
We’re Not in the Middle! The Renaissance is known as the period of re-birth. It is the time of new art, new music, and also new science. Through out time the Church and the people have always believed that the sun and all the other planets revolved around the Earth. Any other theory would be considered heresy. One of the greatest discoveries of the renaissance was the heliocentric theory. This theory stated that the sun was the center of the universe. Nicolaus Copernicus created this theory. Wha
Bibliography 1. Studinger, Michael. Home Page. Jan. 2001. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University. 2 Oct. 2003 inger/vostok.htm . 2. United States, NASA. Exotic Microbes Discovered Near Lake Vostok. 10 Dec. 1999. 2 Oct. 2003 10dec199_2htm . 3. Pokar, Magdeline. Oldest Ever Ice Core Promises Climate Revelations. NewScientis. Sept. 2003. 2 Oct. 2003 Ns99994121
Brief History of the English Language OLD ENGLISH UNTIL 1066. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE Old English (500-1100 AD) Old English Words The Angles came from an angle-shaped land area in contemporary Germany. Their name Angli from the Latin and commonly-spoken, pre-5th Century German mutated into the Old English Engle . Later, Engle changed to Angel-cyn meaning Angle-race by A.D. 1000, changing to Engla-land . Some Old English words which have survived intact include: feet, geese, teeth, me
In Touch With the Senses It had been a long day of studying with a lot of anticipation so I decided to step out on the balcony to get in touch with my senses. Taking a deep breath through my nose I drew-in the autumn air filling my lungs with the cold crispness and subtle flavors of the season. I could sense the moisture in the air; rain would fall soon, bringing the usual flood and torrent. Holding the freshness that I had captured, but for a few seconds, I exhaled slowly sensing a warm fog of
Henry VIII and Wolsey: The Relationship A clear understanding of Henry VIII\'s relationship with Wolsey is fundamental to any analysis of Tudor politics and policy-making. A consensus is emerging. Henry VIII, it is generally agreed, was less consistently the author of his own policy than Edward IV or Henry VII, but it is wrong to cast him either as an \'absentee landlord\', who delegated the affairs of state to others, or as a \'mental defective\', who needed his ministers to manage him. Henry V
:John Locke: An Historical Analysis of His Thought and Life Intro to Church History Dec. 10/99 Box #260 John Locke (1632-1704) is perhaps one of the most influential philosophers the world has ever seen. His writings became the basis of the eighteenth century enlightenment reason. Basil Willey describes Locke’s influence as such, “Locke stands at the end of the seventeenth century, and at the beginning of the eighteenth; his work is at once a summing-up of seventeenth century conclusions and the
Descartes’ Argument Intro to Philosophy Mid-Term Paper Following his First Meditation, Descartes commences his next meditation with a rather overwhelming doubt on the certainty of his conclusions from the meditation he has written a day before. He expresses his extensive uneasiness with those new doubts by comparing himself to being tumbled in a deep whirlpool; unable to find grounding nor gasping for air, as if he is drowning in his own convictions. His dilemma began during the First Meditation
Charlemagne Charlemagne was born around 742 in Aachen, a city in the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia, located in what is now Germany. His real name was Charles, he wasn\'t called Charlemagne, which is from the Latin Carolus Magnus, until after his death. His father, Pepin or Pippin III, was elected king of the Frankish Empire when Charlemagne was a child. The king was nicknamed Pepin the Short, while his wife, Charlemagne\'s mother Bertrada, was nicknamed Bertha of the Big Foot, or Queen Goosefoot
Niels Henrik David Bohr Niels Bohr is a very distinguished Danish physicist, chemist, and micro- biologist. Known for the Bohr model of the atom and his work on the Manhattan Project, Bohr worked with many renowned scientists throughout the world and even received the Nobel Peace Prize for Physics. Childhood/Family Life Niels Henrik David Bohr was born October 7, 1885, to Christian Bohr, a Physiology professor at Copenhagen University; and Ellen Adler, who came from a reputed family in the educa
“The Father of Modern Astronomy” JMJ April 28, 2004 Physics Period 5 From the first time children are introduced to astronomy in second grade, they are told that the sun is the center of the solar system. This was not always the case. For centuries, civilization believed the whole universe revolved around the earth. This was easy to believe since all the astral bodies seemed to make an arch across the sky, and, in relativity to the people on the ground, it was the sky that was moving, and not th
In Touch With The Senses It had been a long day of studying with a lot of anticipation so I decided to step out on the balcony to get in touch with my senses. Taking a deep breath through my nose I drew-in the autumn air filling my lungs with the cold crispness and subtle flavors of the season. I could sense the moisture in the air; rain would fall soon, bringing the usual flood and torrent. Holding the freshness that I had captured, but for a few seconds, I exhaled slowly sensing a warm fog of
Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad\'s future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and vis
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world\'s leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Pro
Astronomy Science Assignment 1) A supernova is an explosion, triggered by the collapse and explosion of a massive star. There are two types of supernova explosion in the universe, called Type I and Type II. The remains of the core of a star that has gone supernova is a neutron star. These stars give off radio waves called pulsars. When a huge star goes supernova, the gravity of the core becomes so strong that even light cannot escape it. This is called a Black hole. On occasion, throughout the c
Astronomy Report Observing Night April 1, 2003 When someone desides that they want to look up in the sky at the shiny object there are many thing that a person might need. To begin with a map of the sky is a good idea. They come in all shapes and sizes. The Planisphere is a circle that comes in many sizes, and shows the brightess stars in the sky. There are also computer programs that can be used such as starry night backyard and starry night pro. A messier catalog is also a useful tool in obse
Who was Benjamine Benneker? Pd 8 Mr. Garcia A farmer of modest means, Banneker nevertheless lived a life of unusual achievement. In 1753, the young man borrowed a pocket watch from a well-to-do neighbor; he took it apart and made a drawing of each component, then reassembled the watch and returned it, fully functioning, to its owner. From his drawings Banneker then proceeded to carve, out of wood, enlarged replicas of each part. Calculating the proper number of teeth for each gear and the necess
ASTEROIDS. Asteroids are one of the many small or minor rocky planetoids that are a member of the solar system and that move in elliptical orbits primarily between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. The largest representatives of asteroids are 1 Ceres, with a diameter of about 1,003 km, 2 Pallas and 4 Vesta, with diameters of about 550 km. About 200 asteroids have diameters of more than 97 km, and thousands of smaller ones exist. The total mass of all asteroids in the solar system is much less than
THE FIRST USE OF RADAR Research Methods July 4, 2003 During World War II, battles were won by the side that was first to spot enemy airplanes, ships, or submarines. To give the Allies an edge, British and American scientists developed radar technology to see for hundreds of miles, even at night. The research that went into improving radar helped set the stage for post-war research into the transistor. 1940s radar relied on a semiconductor crystal, or rectifier. Radar worked by sending out a radi
STEPHEN HAWKING. English 1301 Feb. 20th, 2004 Mr. Stephen Hawking wrote: “For thousand of years, people have wondered about the universe. Did it stretch out forever or was there a limit? And where did it all come from? Did the universe have a beginning, a moment of creation? Or had the universe existed forever?...All my life, I have been fascinated by the big questions that face us, and have tried to find scientific answers to them…Personally, I’m sure that the universe began with a hot Big Bang
Astronomy Pleiades Mythology: According to the story, the Pleides were seven beautiful girls who were wondering in the woods when they were spied by Orion, who was the mighty and fearless hunter, but who had the usual human emotions. As soon as he saw the girls he gave chase, with intentions which were clearly anything but honourable. The Pleiades fled; Orion thundered after them; from Olympus, the king of the Gods, Zeus (better know to us as Jupiter)intervened, saving the maidens’ virginity by
Johannes Kepler Martinez 1 Introduction Johannes Kepler was born on December 27, 1571. He was born in Weil der Stadt, Germany. His birth city was in a wine region and near France. Weil der Stadt is in southwest Germany where the houses are small and streets were even smaller. Johannes was the son first son of Henry and Katherine Kepler, and since his birthday fell on St. John’s day, he was given the apostle’s name in baptism. Kepler\'s grandfather was supposedly from a noble background, and once
Alexander the Great He was the ruler of Greece in the fourth century B.C. He was one of the greatest military geniuses of all time. He was born in Macedonia, the son of Phillip II, King of Macedonia. He received his military education from his father and was tutored by Aristotle, the great philosopher, and other great teachers of his time. By the time he was sixteen Alexander was left in charge of the kingdom when his father was away for any extended period of time and once led the army to put d