Young Goodman Brown: The Downfall of Young Goodman Brown


"Young Goodman Brown", by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a story that is thick
with allegory. "Young Goodman Brown" is a moral story which is told through the
perversion of a religious leader. In "Young Goodman Brown", Goodman Brown is a
Puritan minister who lets his excessive pride in himself interfere with his
relations with the community after he meets with the devil, and causes him to
live the life of an exile in his own community.
"Young Goodman Brown" begins when Faith, Brown\'s wife, asks him not to go
on an "errand". Goodman Brown says to his "love and (my) Faith" that "this one
night I must tarry away from thee." When he says his "love" and his "Faith", he
is talking to his wife, but he is also talking to his "faith" to God. He is
venturing into the woods to meet with the Devil, and by doing so, he leaves his
unquestionable faith in God with his wife. He resolves that he will "cling to
her skirts and follow her to Heaven." This is an example of the excessive pride
because he feels that he can sin and meet with the Devil because of this promise
that he made to himself. There is a tremendous irony to this promise because
when Goodman Brown comes back at dawn; he can no longer look at his wife with
the same faith he had before.
When Goodman Brown finally meets with the Devil, he declares that the
reason he was late was because "Faith kept me back awhile." This statement has
a double meaning because his wife physically prevented him from being on time
for his meeting with the devil, but his faith to God i psychologically delayed
his meeting with the devil.
The Devil had with him a staff that "bore the likeness of a great black
snake". The staff which looked like a snake is a reference to the snake in the
story of Adam and Eve. The snake led Adam and Eve to their destruction by
leading them to the Tree of Knowledge. The Adam and Eve story is similar to
Goodman Brown in that they are both seeking unfathomable amounts of knowledge.
Once Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge they were expelled from their
paradise. The Devil\'s staff eventually leads Goodman Brown to the Devil\'s
ceremony which destroys Goodman Brown\'s faith in his fellow man, therefore
expelling him from his utopia.
Goodman Brown almost immediately declares that he kept his meeting with the
Devil and no longer wishes to continue on his errand with the Devil. He says
that he comes from a "race of honest men and good Christians" and that his
father had never gone on this errand and nor will he. The Devil is quick to
point out however that he was with his father and grandfather when they were
flogging a woman or burning an Indian village, respectively. These acts are
ironic in that they were bad deeds done in the name of good, and it shows that
he does not come from "good Christians."
When Goodman Brown\'s first excuse not to carry on with the errand proves to
be unconvincing, he says he can\'t go because of his wife, "Faith". And because
of her, he can not carry out the errand any further. At this point the Devil
agrees with him and tells him to turn back to prevent that "Faith should come to
any harm" like the old woman in front of them on the path. Ironically, Goodman
Brown\'s faith is harmed because the woman on the path is the woman who "taught
him his catechism in youth, and was still his moral and spiritual adviser." The
Devil and the woman talk and afterward, Brown continues to walk on with the
Devil in the disbelief of what he had just witnessed. Ironically, he blames the
woman for consorting with the Devil but his own pride stops him from realizing
that his faults are the same as the woman\'s.
Brown again decides that he will no longer to continue on his errand and
rationalizes that just because his teacher was not going to heaven, why should
he "quit my dear Faith, and go after her". At this, the Devil tosses Goodman
Brown his staff (which will lead him out of his Eden) and leaves him.
Goodman Brown begins to think to himself about his situation and his pride
in himself begins to build. He "applauds himself