Writing piece 1 – Argumentative/Informative essay on Human Genetic Engineering

Statement of Intention: Genetic engineering is a process where human scientists tamper with the genetic code of un-born babies, thus being able to manipulate the genes and shape the baby into whatever they want by taking out certain genes. In this essay, we’ll have a look as to why Genetic engineering isn’t good for our society. Though some parents might agree to have their babies genetically engineered, there is a great majority of people that may truly agree that genetic engineering may cause devastation in human society.

Human genetic engineering in some aspects may be very well what human kind has been looking for in ways to perfect all imperfections in all of us. But in the case of Vincent Anton Freeman in the movie “Gattaca”, society has changed and things have become harder for people who have not been genetically modified before birth. In “Gattaca”, parents have the ability to make their children into the people they’d want them to be, that is if they can afford to do so. Those who are unfortunate enough to not receive any tampering with their genes are under-classed in society and are only worthy of pathetic jobs such as sweeping floors or washing dishes. Human genetic engineering is a plague on society, and just isn’t right because there are some things man should not tamper with.

Genetic engineering may have some good effects in society today such as finding new cures for diseases and such, but genetic engineering also has a bad side to it. Firstly, with the power of genetic engineering in the hands of a parent, they will be able to decide on whether they’d prefer the child to be a male or a female. This might sound good to most parents, but it’s dangerous to take more and more control of our lives and leave natural births behind. Another bad side to genetic engineering is that the process and the know-how may fall into the wrong hands; therefore they’d be able to do ANYTHING with such information, like creating a super-human being!

The main reason why genetic engineering isn’t very good is because it’ll change the level of class in society, and it will cause a great divide between those who were born without being genetically engineered and those who have been genetically engineered. If a great majority of children are born genetically engineered, it would cause a great upset and then it might be ultimately decided that ALL babies should be genetically engineered, thus changing the nature of human life and human society and destabilize human biological identity. Imagine the future, like in the movie Gattaca, parents of unborn children will be able to skim through a catalogue and choose which genes they’d like to pass on to their children.

The only good thing about genetic engineering is that it has the potential for preventing diseases and suffering. This can be done by changing certain genes in the human body for e.g. if a person has lung disease and this is caused by a defective gene in the lung cells, then those genes might be able to be changed and therefore the disease will be cured. Scientists do this by putting healthy human genes into virus-like organisms that are injected into the patient’s bloodstream and travel to the lungs. After this is done, the virus-like organisms insert the healthy genes into the lung cells containing the defective genes. This type of genetic engineering is deemed acceptable in society, because it changes other genes besides the sperm and egg cells, and won’t affect or completely change the imperfections in a person. But the other type of genetic engineering, which involves changes in the genes in eggs or sperms, or very early embryo’s is highly consequential, as it has the power to change society as reconfiguration of human beings would be available, therefore this type of genetic engineering is unacceptable.

Scientists argue the right of having germline engineering (genetically engineering the genes in eggs, sperms or embryo’s) used in society. They argue that it will be able to be used so parents will be able to avoid passing on genetic diseases on to their child. Though this may be true, it is also untrue. Researchers and scientists