World War II

On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the
Japanese city of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by
Colonel Tibbetts, was chosen to make the mission. The
mission was recorded as successful by Capt. William S.
Parson at 9:20 A.M. This was an extremely controversial
military strategy in the United States. Was the United States
justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes, they were
justified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it
would stop the war. Why is it that this war needed to be
stopped so badly? Even though in some ways it was helping
our economy, it was very costly in both money and lives.
Also, the United States soldiers were undergoing harsh
treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. Another reason the
war needed to be stopped was to defend ourselves from
another attack on U.S. soil, which in turn would kill many of
our U.S. citizens. This is why the war needed to be stopped;
thus, justifying the use of the atomic bomb. World War II
was the costliest war in history, in terms of lives lost. No
exact figures exist, but approximately between 15 and 20
million military personnel were killed. Of these, 292,000
were Americans and 6,000 innocent United States citizens
were murdered by our enemies. It has been estimated that if
the United States had not dropped the bomb and had
invaded Japan instead, the United States would have lost
about a million soldiers. The Japanese suicidal fighting
strategies greatly effected this number. The Japanese would
rather die than surrender. This is demonstrated by the battle
of Saipan. At this battle over half of the population of Saipan
walked off a cliff instead of surrendering to the United
States. This was often very effective. Many times when a
Japanese soldier decided to blow himself up instead of
surrendering he would kill many Americans with the same
blast. Also the kamikaze techniques of the Japanese fighters
killed many soldiers. If this war would have continued we
could have lost thousands more. Also up to this point we
spent 300 billion dollars on war efforts. Many materials and
other objects were damaged. Any estimate on how much
money was lost in damages would be futile. This number
would have continued to rise if it had not been for the use of
the atomic bomb. The horrendous atrocities that occurred
during World War II were unmerciful as well as
unnecessary. During one invasion of China, the rape of
Nanking, the Japanese killed 100,000 Chinese civilians.
They were burned, butchered, and raped. Sometimes the
Japanese would tie a big group of them together and use
them for bayonet and sword practice. After the fall of
Bataan the soldiers were forced to go on a death march.
During this march many unheard of things happened to the
soldiers. A soldier was often killed for trying to get a drink of
water. If a soldier fell down the Japanese would either
bayonet them or knock them unconscious. Once they were
knocked unconscious, the Japanese then forced another
American soldier to bury the unconscious soldier alive. One
soldier once commented, "The worst time was once when a
burial victim with about six inches of earth over him suddenly
regained consciousness and clawed his way out until he was
almost sitting upright. Then I learned to what length a man
will go to hang onto his life. The bayonets began to prod me
in the side and I was forced to bash the soldier over the
head with the shovel and then finish burying him."(Kappler,
Pg. 168) This harsh treatment to innocent civilians and our
soldiers needed to stop. The atomic bomb was a way to
stop it. On December 7, 1941," A day that will live in
infamy," Pearl Harbor was deliberately attacked by the
Japanese. Reports indicate that 2400 people were killed and
1300 were wounded. The reason Japan bombed Pearl
Harbor was because that was where all of our Navy ships
were positioned. They were hoping to take out the Navy
and were almost successful. The aircraft carriers were
expected to be in the harbor, but luckily were not. Although
the attack may have been a military success in the minds of
the Japanese it became a huge mistake in the final analysis.
One reason it was a mistake was it caused the U.S. to enter
the war. We were the ultimate cause to Japan losing the war.
Secondly it made the Americans angry and determined to
destroy the Japanese. Many congressmen volunteered for
active duty, asking for a one day respite to cast their vote for
war. Also recruiting offices were flooded with young patriots
who