World War II Timeline


Due to the immense scope of World War Two, it would be nearly impossible to list all of the
significant events of the period on this web page. The following dates have been selected
because of their importance with respect to the causes and outcome of the war.


1918


Nov. 11


World War One Armistice signed at Compiegne, France


1919


June 28


Treaty of Versailles signed


1920


Jan. 16


League of Nations meets for the first time


1921


July 29


Adolf Hitler assumes control of National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party


1922


Oct. 24


Benito Mussolini calls for fascist "Blackshirts" to March on Rome


Oct. 29


Mussolini appointed Premier by King Victor Emmanuel III


1923


Nov. 8-9


Hitler\'s Munich Beer Hall Putsch fails


1925


Jan. 3


Mussolini dismisses Italian parliament, begins to assume dictatorial powers


July 18


Hitler\'s autobiography, Mein Kampf, is published


1929


Oct. 29


Wall Street Stock Market crashes


1931


Sept. 18


Japanese Army invades Manchuria


1932


Nov. 8


Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected President of the United States


1933


Jan. 30


Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg


Feb. 27


German Reichstag burns down; communists blamed, arrested.


Mar. 23


Enabling Act passed by Reichstag; Hitler assumes dictatorial power


July 14


Nazi party declared official party of Germany; all other parties banned


Oct. 14


Germany quits League of Nations


1934


June 30


Hitler orders murder of SA Chief Ernst Roehm in "Night of the Long Knives"


Aug. 2


German President Paul von Hindenburg dies


Aug. 19


Hitler combines the offices of president and chancellor; assumes the title of Führer


1935


Mar. 16


Military conscription introduced in Germany in violation of Versailles treaty


Sept. 15


Nuremberg race laws promulgated


Oct. 3


Italian Army invades Ethiopia


1936


Mar. 7


German troops remilitarize the Rhineland in violation of Versailles treaty


May 9


Italian campaign in Ethiopia ends


July 17


Spanish Civil War breaks out; Hitler and Mussolini send aid to Franco


Oct. 1


Franco becomes dictator of Spain


Oct. 25


Rome-Berlin "Axis" alliance formed


1937


Jan. 19


Japan withdraws from Washington Conference Treaty limiting the size of its navy


May 28


Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of England


June 11


Josef Stalin begins purge of Red Army


July 7


Full-scale war erupts between China and Japan


1938


Mar. 12


Germany invades Austria; Anschluss (union) proclaimed


Sept. 30


Munich conference held to solve Sudeten question


Oct. 15


German troops occupy Czech Sudetenland


Nov 9-10


Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)


1939


Mar. 15-16


German troops occupy the rest of Czechoslovakia in violation of Munich Agreement


Mar. 28


Spanish Civil War ends


Aug. 23


Nazi-Soviet nonagression pact signed


Sept. 1


German Army invades Poland


Sept. 3


Britain and France declare war on Germany


Sept. 17


Red Army invades Poland in accordance with Nazi-Soviet Pact


Sept. 27


Warsaw falls to the Nazis


Nov. 30


Red Army attacks Finland


Dec. 14


Soviet Union kicked out of League of Nations


1940


Mar. 12


Finland signs peace treaty with Soviet Union


April 9


German Army invades Denmark and Norway


May 10


German Army invades France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill appointed British Prime Minister


May 15


Holland capitulates to Nazis


May 26


"Miracle at Dunkirk"


May 28


Belgium capitulates to Nazis


June 10


Norway capitulates to Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France


June 14


Nazis take Paris


June 22


France capitulates to Nazis


July 10


Battle of Britain begins


July 23


Red Army takes Baltic states of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia


Aug. 3


Italian Army invades British Somaliland


Aug. 13


Luftwaffe begins raids on British airfields and aircraft factories


Aug. 23-24


Off-course German bombers accidentally bomb London


Aug. 25-26


Royal Air Force mounts reprisal raid against Berlin


Sept. 7


German "blitz" on British cities begins in earnest


Sept. 13


Italian Army attacks Egypt


Sept. 16


Military conscription introduced in United States


Sept. 27


Tripartite alliance formed between Germany, Italy and Japan


Oct. 7


German troops occupy Romania


Oct. 28


Italian Army attacks Greece


Nov. 5


Roosevelt re-elected


Nov. 10-11


RAF raid cripples Italian fleet at Taranto


Nov. 20


Romania joins Axis


Dec. 9-10


British counter-attack begins against Italian Army in North Africa


1941


Jan. 22


British take Tobruk in North Africa from Nazis


Feb. 11


British Army attacks