World and Ideas of Karl Marx

The World and Ideas of Karl Marx The latter part of the
nineteenth century was teeming with evolved social and
economical ideas. These views of the social structure of
urban society came about through the development of
ideals taken from past revolutions and the present clash of
individuals and organized assemblies. As the Industrial
Revolution steamed ahead paving the way for growing
commerce, so did the widening gap between the class
structure which so predominantly grasped the populace and
their rights within the community. The development of a
capitalist society was a very favorable goal in the eyes of
the bourgeoisie. Using advancing methods of production
within a system of free trade, the ruling middle class were
strategically able to earn a substantial surplus of funds and
maintain their present class of life. Thus, with the
advancement of industry and the bourgeoisie’s gain of
wealth, a counter-action was undoubtably taking place.
The resultant was the degradation of the working- class, of
the proletarians whom provided labour to a middle-class
only to be exploited in doing so. Exploitation is a quarrel
between social groups that has been around since the dawn
of mankind itself. The persecution of one class by another
has historically allowed the advancement of mankind to
continue. These clashes, whether ending with positive or
negative results, allow Man to evolve as a species, defining
Himself within the social structure of nature. Man’s rivalry
amongst one another allows for this evolution! through the
production of something which is different, not necessarily
productive, but differing from the present norm and untried
through previous epochs. At this time in history, mankind
was moving forward very rapidly, but at the price of the
working-class. Wages were given sparsely, and when
capital gain improved, the money payed for labour did not
reflect this prosperity. This, therefore, accelerated the
downfall of the proletarians and progressed towards a
justifiable revolt against the oppressive middle class. The
conclusion of this revolt was envisioned to be a classless
society, one in which its people benefit from and that
benefits from its people. The overthrow of capitalism would
create a socialist society eventually flourishing into
communism. Karl Heinrich Marx (1818 - 1883) was the
philosophical analysis who created communism and saw it
as an achievable goal. Marx denounced religion and
created what were thought to be radical ideas, which
resulted in the banishment from his native land of Germany
and then France, eventually ending up in England.
(Compton’s Encyclopedia, 121) Through dialectical
processing Marx was able to synthesize a theory of a
classless society. This society would be achievable through
the joint union of the proletarians and overthrow of the
governing bourgeois. For the working-class man does not
benefit from the labour which he provides. His labour is
external to himself and is not actually belonging to his
essential being. Therefore in work, the proletarian denies
himself and does not validate his worthiness as an
individual.(Marx from Haberman, 183) The worker has no
existence except to work, which furthers the employer, but
degrades the labourer and eventually results in a grasping
individu! al. Marx realized that with the unification of the
working-class, they would be able to better themselves and
their lives, and in doing so, better society on the whole. The
aspiration to achieve this was purely theoretical and though
Marx felt attainable, it was undoubtably flawed. The
communist ideals are purely a utopian dream which cannot
be reached because of humans inescapable desire to satisfy
their own egos. A proletarian society would not remain
harmonious without individuals seeking personal
satisfaction, and without a governing body chaos would
result, paving a road which would lead to totalitarianism.
Marx’s views were of the proletarian class rising to crush
the bourgeois ideals which governed their lives. This would
result in a proletarian dictatorship, through which ends
would have to be met in order to rid the community of the
existing means of production and prosperity. The abolition
of private property would be achieved by ridding the
bourgeoisie’s ownership of lands, and allowing them to be
publicized. This would enable the removal of selfish
individualism which splits society into segregated portions,
and allow the rich and poor to become more economically
equal in status. This however is only partially attainable, for
one cannot undo what has already taken place. Marx states
that the faster industry progresses, the weaker the
proletarian becomes. Eventually storming the top of the
social pyramid in order to reconstruct and overthrow the
bourgeois assembly. This revolt would take place as a
result of the demands of the labourers not being met, and
wages not increasing with the increase of profit. The
proletarian would feel worthless, and with nothing to lose,
revolt against their employers. The vision of a capitalist
state neglecting its workers