This essay Working in the Clouds has a total of 834 words and 5 pages.
Working in the Clouds
Working in the Clouds
Although becoming a pilot may take hard work and dedication, it also offers great beauty and the satisfaction of accomplishing an important goal. Nearly one hundred years ago the idea of human flight was thought absurd. Flying was something one only did while he was dreaming; but presently one can fly to his destination in the utmost comfort and safety, thanks to the airplane.
The first flight took place on December 17, 1903, in Kill Devil Hills near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The inventors were Wilbur and Orville Wright, the Wright brothers. Orville made the first successful flight. Although their "air machine" flew for only twelve seconds, the Wright brothers started a revolution that has greatly affected the entire world. "The time will come when gentlemen, when they are to go on a journey, will call for their wings as regularly as they call for their boots. -Bishop Wilkens (Glaeser ,i)."
With the success of the Wright brothers\' flight came renovations that have made everyday flight possible. Airplanes are used for a variety of things, travel is only one of many.
Aviation is divided into three sectors. The first sector of aviation is military aviation. Military aviation refers to aircraft flown by the armed forces. Aircraft have a chief weapon in many wars. The major air arms of the world\'s military, has a variety of aircraft developed for both strategic and tactical purposes, such as, the supersonic fighter and the strike aircraft. Some of these advanced aircraft have the capability of flying three times the speed of sound and carrying missiles and radar-directed antiaircraft artillery.
The second sector of aviation is commercial aviation. Commercial aviation began in Germany in 1910. Commercial aircraft provide public air transportation to approximately five hundred locations throughout the country into every part of the globe. Commercial aircraft may also carry cargo, such as mail. Commercial aviation is the most common type of aviation.
The third sector is referred to as general aviation. General aviation is all civil aeronautics with the exception of commercial air-transport operations. This includes sports flying, business flying, and crop-dusting. Around 80 per cent of all active civil aircraft are classed as general-aviation aircraft. These aircraft range from gliders, ultralight aircraft, and small two-seat, single engine trainers to plush business jet aircraft equipped with turbojet propulsion and extensive electronic installations. Although general aviation is frequently overlooked, it is a vital part of air traffic ("Pilot", Grolier). Pilots who are in general aviation can expect a salary from 50,000 to 100,000 dollars a year.
Due to the day-to-day change in technology pilots are constantly "re-learning" techniques of flying. To obtain a private pilots license one must only pass the required instruction. To be a flight instructor of a commercial pilot, on the other hand, one must pass the required training and obtain a Bachelor Science degree.
"More than 250,000 people in the United States have licenses to fly private planes (\'Learning\', elec.)." One who is interested in flying must first obtain a student pilot certificate by passing a medical exam. These certificates are only given to persons who are sixteen years of age or older. After obtaining a student pilot certificate one must receive ground instruction. Ground instruction will help the student to understand how the plane works. Students will learn the basics in aerodynamics and navigation. He or She will also be taught about meteorology so that he/she may better understand the plane\'s condition in certain types of weather. After ground instruction, there will be an exam. After the exam, the student will proceed to flight instruction.
Flight instruction will consist of a number of flights in which the student will watch and help to fly the plane. The student will learn the basics and overcome his or her fears of flying. After all the flying sessions have been completed the student will fly "solo". This is the final test needed to become a private pilot. Some areas in which the student must become skilled are taxing, taking off, carrying out various flight maneuvers, navigating, and landing. About one half of the students solo time hours are spent in cross-country flights ("Learning", elec.). During this time, the student becomes proficient in use of aeronautical charts, much in the same way that we use
Topics Related to Working in the Clouds
Flight training, Civil aviation, General aviation, Aviation in the United States, Pilot certification in the United States, Pilot licensing and certification, Private pilot, Pilot, Aviation, Flight instructor, Aircraft, Wright brothers
Essays Related to Working in the Clouds
Sports in the middle agessports in the middle ages Sports In The Middle Ages Standing in thick forestry waiting for the right moment , waiting for the right time, waiting for the right falcon to step into his clutches, man gets anxious as the falcon gets closer and closer. This is his chance, it’s almost there, WHAP!! Trapped, this is only the beginning of a pastime of flying, diving, and rewarding killing. Falconry as well as other sports in the medieval time period were huge pastimes for men. From falconry to fencing
TQM In An Accounting EnvironmentTQM In An Accounting Environment Chapter One: Description of the problem: All companies need effective employees in order to complete the necessary daily tasks and attain a profit. Many employers do not receive the peak level of performance from their workers due to the fact that the employees do not feel they are having an effect on the quality of service they are offering, or cannot see any tangible outcome from their efforts. This chapter describes several different aspects of the project, in
Working in the CloudsWorking in the Clouds Working in the Clouds Although becoming a pilot may take hard work and dedication, it also offers great beauty and the satisfaction of accomplishing an important goal. Nearly one hundred years ago the idea of human flight was thought absurd. Flying was something one only did while he was dreaming; but presently one can fly to his destination in the utmost comfort and safety, thanks to the airplane. The first flight took place on December 17, 1903, in Kill Devil Hills near K
Neil ArmstrongNeil Armstrong Background Neil Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio in the year 1930. His services as a pilot were called upon during the Korean War. Shortly after graduating from Purdue University in 1955, Armstrong joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, then known as the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. At the time the functions of the N.A.C. were to plan, direct, and conduct all United States aeronautical and space activities, except for those that were primar
How Overpopulation Causes Social Problems.How Overpopulation Causes Social Problems. How Overpopulation Causes Social Problems Introduction The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how overpopulation causes social problems. To do so you must take many things into consideration, such as different views of racial problems and conflicting definitions of a social problem. Social problems can be defined in many different ways. They effect everyone and some of us encounter problems everyday as a result of our race, religion, gender, or low
Lucid Dreams: The First Virtual RealityLucid Dreams: The First Virtual Reality Psychological Sean Pasinsky LibEd 316-2 5 Feb. 1997 For ages people have thought of dreams as curses or blessings that we could not prevent nor manipulate. This place called our dreams has constantly puzzled us, because it is here where all things are possible and seem to occur. In our dreams we perform superhuman and wonderful feats that would normally be impossible in the awake world. We find the men or women of our dreams, depending on our sexual or
A Technical Analysis of Ergonomics and Human FactoA Technical Analysis of Ergonomics and Human Factors in Modern Flight Deck Design I. Introduction Since the dawn of the aviation era, cockpit design has become increasingly complicated owing to the advent of new technologies enabling aircraft to fly farther and faster more efficiently than ever before. With greater workloads imposed on pilots as fleets modernize, the reality of he or she exceeding the workload limit has become manifest. Because of the unpredictable nature of man, this problem is
Virtual RealityVirtual Reality Today Virtual reality allows people to study artificial worlds through simulation and computer graphics. Computers have changed the way we perform flighttraining, scientific research and conduct business. Flight simulators have drastically reduced the time and money required to learn to fly large jets. One of the most interesting capabilities of virtual reality is the ability to practice certain medical practices. Computers are helping many doctors perform complicated operations
Project MercuryProject Mercury Project Mercury, the first manned U.S. space project, became an official NASA program on October 7, 1958. The Mercury Program was given two main but broad objectives: 1. to investigate man’s ability to survive and perform in the space environment and 2. to develop basic space technology and hardware for manned space flight programs to come. NASA also had to find astronauts to fly the spacecraft. In 1959 NASA asked the U.S. military for a list of their members who met certain qual
Aircraft SimulatorsAircraft Simulators A simulated flight environment for pilot training may soon be made more realistic through the use of eye-tracking technology developed by researchers at the University of Toronto\'s Institute of Biomedical Engineering (IMBE). Many safety and cost benefits are obtained by training aircraft pilots under simulated conditions, but to be effective the simulation must be convicingly realistic. At present, th e training facilities use large domes and gimballed projectors, or an arra
Eye tracking techniques improve aircraft simulatorEye tracking techniques improve aircraft simulators A simulated flight environment for pilot training may soon be made more realistic through the use of eye-tracking technology developed by researchers at the University of Toronto\'s Institute of Biomedical Engineering (IMBE). Many safety and cost benefits are obtained by training aircraft pilots under simulated conditions, but to be effective the simulation must be convicingly realistic. At present, th e training facilities use large domes and
Hypogravitational OsteoporosisHypogravitational Osteoporosis Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by an absolute decrease in the amount of bone present to a level below which it is capable of maintaining the structural integrity of the skeleton. To state the obvious, Human beings have evolved under Earth\'s gravity 1G . Our musculoskeleton system have developed to help us navigate in this gravitational field, endowed with ability to adapt as needed under various stress, strains and available energy requirement. The system
UFOSUFOS By: Anonymous Unidentified flying objects, or UFOs, are one of the most controversial mysteries known to mankind. From ancient to present times, unidentified objects have been seen in the sky by millions of people. The question is, of course, what is it that we are seeing in our skies? Are they foreign spacecrafts from distant planets, merely Air Force experiments, or only our imagination? Many people believe that extraterrestrial life is existent and far more advanced then us. Conversely,
Eye Tracking In Aircraft SimulatorsEye Tracking In Aircraft Simulators A simulated flight environment for pilot training may soon be made more realistic through the use of eye-tracking technology developed by researchers at the University of Toronto\'s Institute of Biomedical Engineering (IMBE). Many safety and cost benefits are obtained by training aircraft pilots under simulated conditions, but to be effective the simulation must be convicingly realistic. At present, th e training facilities use large domes and gimballed projec
Psychology In SportsPsychology In Sports The mind-body connection is a very powerful one. For everything you think in your mind, your body has a reaction, regardless of whether it is real or imagined. For example, have you ever had a bad dream? Usually, you will wake up and your heart is racing, you are sweating and very agitated, even though all you were doing was sleeping. But, in your mind there was something bad going on and your body was reacting to it. Here’s another example: if you are home alone and you hea
The Importance of Communication and Teamwork AmongThe Importance of Communication and Teamwork Among the Flight and Cabin Crew TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT 4 INTRODUCTION 5 Background 5 Purpose/Audience 5 Sources 5 Limitaions 5 Scope 5 COLLECTED DATA 5 Importance of Communication Among the Crew 5 Main Cause of Aircraft Accidents 6 Duties of the Crew Members 7 Expectations of the Crew 7 The Crew is a Team 8 Intimidatin in the Cockpit 8 Cabin Crew is a part of the Team 9 Trusting the Crew\'s Judgment 9 Crew Resource Management (CRM) 9 Outline of CR
Tristan's TragedyTristan\'s Tragedy Tristan\'s Tragedy As told to (author\'s name) By Tristan What an unusual Christian name, \'(author\'s name)\'! And you say you know but two languages? You must jest to render the title of \'scholar\' upon yourself. During my training, I have learned seven, all the while being taught horsemanship and swordsmanship. Alas, all of my accolades serve me not here. True nobility never makes excuses for shortcomings; however, in this despair I can know no greater loss. After being
The Battle of Midway in the PacificThe Battle of Midway in the Pacific Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2, 1942, from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific. Nothing, that is, except the tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move. On Midway\'s two main islands, Sand and Eastern, 3,632 United States Navy and Marine Corps personnel, along with a few Army Air Force aircrews, stood at battle stations in and near their fighters, bombers, and seaplanes, wa
Lester PearsonLester Pearson Lester B. Pearson lived from 1897-1972. He was born on April 23 1897, in Newtonbrooke Ontario (now part of Toronto). He died on December 27 1972. He was born the son of a Methodist parson. As a child he worked very hard in school, and he became one of the minority of high school graduates who went on to college. In his studies he went to Victoria College and the Methodist College inside the University of Toronto. In his free time he played hockey and baseball. He then became a med
Problems in Air Traffic Control and Proposed SolutProblems in Air Traffic Control and Proposed Solutions In northern California this summer, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) unintentionally performed it\'s first operational test of free flight; aviation without direct air traffic control. This was an unintentional experiment because it was a result of a total shut-down of the Oakland Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC). Although Oakland is only the 16th busiest ARTCC, it\'s responsible for the largest block of airspace of any AT
Ernie PyleErnie Pyle Ernie Pyle By: Jenny Trembath March 20, 2000 Ernie Plye When a machine-gun bullet ended the life of Ernie Pyle in the final days of World War II, Americans spoke of him in the same breath as they had Franklin Roosevelt. To millions, the loss of him was as great as the loss of the wartime president. Since WWII correspondent Ernie Pyle was so famous, his death on the battlefront came as a shock to people around the world. Ernest Taylor Pyle was born August 3, 1900 to Will and Marie Pyle
MidwayMidway Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2, 1942, from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific. Nothing, that is, except the tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move. On Midway\'s two main islands, Sand and Eastern, 3,632 United States Navy and Marine Corps personnel, along with a few Army Air Force aircrews, stood at battle stations in and near their fighters, bombers, and seaplanes, waiting for the Japanese attack
SubmarinesSubmarines The History of Submarines In the year 2000, the American submarine force will celebrate the first century of service by highly skilled people in some of the most technologically advanced vessels ever built. The past 100 years have witnessed the evolution of a force that mastered submersible warfare, introduced nuclear propulsion to create the true submarine, and for decades patrolled the deep ocean front line; the hottest part of an otherwise Cold War. Submarines in War The U.S. Navy’
Creative Story: Joel's DreamCreative Story: Joel\'s Dream Joel was sitting in the airport lounge, sipping his mineral water, when the tanoy came on, BA flight two-six-one to Milan is now boarding. Please make your way to departure gate three, Thank you. That\'s me! See you later Shaz, I\'ll phone you when I get there ! See you Joel, hope everything goes okay! After exchanging kisses, Joel picked up his bags and heads off through the Departures corridor and to the plane. Joel was possibly the best talent to come out
Lt. Colonel Jay R. Jensen's Six Years In HellLt. Colonel Jay R. Jensen\'s Six Years In Hell Brandon Emerson AP American History Period five Due 10/21/96 The book I have chosen to read for this review is one entitled SIX YEARS IN HELL. It is a book written by one Lt. Colonel Jay R. Jensen in a first person manor. He was a military pilot who flew over Vietnam and was captured and taken as a POW. This book covers his time in the military before hand describing the daily procedures etc. of his military life. The author graduated from Jorda
Tristan's TragedyTristan\'s Tragedy As told to (author\'s name) By Tristan What an unusual Christian name, \'(author\'s name)\'! And you say you know but two languages? You must jest to render the title of \'scholar\' upon yourself. During my training, I have learned seven, all the while being taught horsemanship and swordsmanship. Alas, all of my accolades serve me not here. True nobility never makes excuses for shortcomings; however, in this despair I can know no greater loss. After being wounded in battle
Deregulation of the Airline IndustryDeregulation of the Airline Industry The airline industry has been subject of intense price competition since it was deregulated, and the result has been a number of new carriers which specialize in regional service and no-frills operations. These carriers typically purchase older aircraft and often operate outside the industry-wide computerized reservations system. In exchange for these inconveniences, passengers receive low fares relative to the industry as a whole. This research examines two
Philip Tompkins' Organizational Communicatin ImperPhilip Tompkins\' Organizational Communicatin Imperatives INTRODUCTION In the book Organizational Communication Imperatives, by Philip K. Tompkins, we are introduced to a chapter that deals with an organization that is held under high prestige by not only those who are employed by it, but by a country as well. This American organization is NASA, (National Aeronautical Space Administration), and although a very prestigious place to work, it is not free of its share of wrongdoing and counter produ
Serial Killers in the U.SSerial Killers in the U.S Before we can discuss what serial killers do, we must first define what a serial killer is. Some people might place serial killers into the same group as mass murderers. This would be incorrect because they are two totally different types of killers. While both of these individuals may kill many people, the difference lies in the reason they kill and the period over which they kill their victims. An event or a build up of circumstance triggers mass murderers and causes
Joel's DreamJoel\'s Dream JOEL\'S DREAM Joel was sitting in the airport lounge, sipping his mineral water, when the tanoy came on, BA flight two-six-one to Milan is now boarding. Please make your way to departure gate three, Thank you. That\'s me! See you later Shaz, I\'ll phone you when I get there ! See you Joel, hope everything goes okay! After exchanging kisses, Joel picked up his bags and heads off through the Departures corridor and to the plane. Joel was possibly the best talent to come out o
Charles Lindbergh BiographyCharles Lindbergh Biography The life of an aviator seemed to me ideal. It involved skill. It brought adventure. It made use of the latest developments of science. Mechanical engineers were fettered to factories and drafting boards while pilots have the freedom of wind with the expanse of sky. There were times in an aeroplane when it seemed I had escaped mortality to look down on earth like a God. – Charles A. Lindbergh, 1927 Charles Augustus Lindbergh-Overview Lindbergh, Charles Augustus (1902-1
Final History ExamFinal History Exam 1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico Germany promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would sup
Airport Security Airport Security 1 Since September 11, 2001, airport security has been raised in the United States. Most major airports had the National Guard posted at terminals and other parts of airports. Doing airport security checks, and taking over the screener jobs. Because of the events the occurred on 9/11, the FAA, Federal Airline Association, has been really strict on what people ca take with them on planes. They will not even allow people to take plastic knives or forks, because those can be consid
Personal NarrativePersonal Narrative Per. 3 4 World Studies Monday, March 12, 2001 One day, when I was 13 years old, my father told me that I was going to go to ski racing camp at Mt. Hood, Oregon. He said that I was going to have to raise $800 in two months, and he had a store where he is a sales representative that was going to give me a temporary job. My father said that if I didn’t know much about the camp, it would make the experience much more enjoyable. So that was it, all I knew was that the camp was in O
HUMAN FACTORS IN FLIGHTHUMAN FACTORS IN FLIGHT Crew Resource Management, Crew Coordination, In Relation to Aircraft Accidents Abstract In this paper you will learn how Crew Resource Management came into effect and the reasons behind the need of CRM to further prevent accidents from happening. I will discuss the Communication aspect of CRM, how Crew Coordination is a very important program for multi-crew cockpits, and should be taken very seriously. Finally, I will present some examples of what happens when a break dow
Manfred Von Richthofen is Killed!Manfred Von Richthofen is Killed! April 23rd 1918 Sadly two days ago, April 21st, the infamous Baron Manfred von Richthofen, was killed over the Australian lines in the western front over Vaux sur Somme, France, at the age of 25. To us, he was known as the “Der rote Kampfflieger”, where to our enemies, he is known as the terrifying “Red Baron”. The incident occurred when the Baron courageously followed a pilot, Wilfred May, flying a Sopwith Camel, deep into Allied territory. This was deeper into
International Music TourInternational Music Tour Summary The aim of this project was to produce a project plan for an international music tour spanning over six destinations. As a result a report has been compiled planning the project in detail, consisting of several elements. The proposed project was divided into several key elements that where completed by individual members of the project team. The project consisted of the following elements; Project description: Included detailed specifications and aims for the pro
Terrorism and the International Court of Justice Terrorism and the International Court of Justice 04/26/01 PL SC 14H Terrorism and the International Court of Justice I. History of International Terrorism II. State Sponsored Terrorism A. Iran B. Sudan III. Benefits Derived From Terrorism A. Inexpensive and ability to advance ideologies B. Fear C. Publicity D. Minimal risk E. Lack of public defeat IV. Aspects of Terrorism A. Technological advances B. Weapons of mass destruction C. Cyber terrorism D. Suicide bombing V. Islamic Terrorist Organiza
The Bermuda TriangleThe Bermuda Triangle Are the different stories of the Bermuda Triangle true? It is considered one of the biggest mysteries of our time, and nobody knows for sure if it is an actual phenomenon or just a made-up story. There are many different theories floating around the world trying to explain the unusual disappearances of planes and ships within the Bermuda Triangle. Could it be UFOs or a sea monster in the ocean? What if there were pockets of gas lodged deep in the ocean floor that caused ship
Bermuda Triangle: Underwater MysteryBermuda Triangle: Underwater Mystery Engl. 1301.05 4 / 30 / 2K1 Writing Assignment #7 Strange events seem to be taking place in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of the United States. There is an area formed by an imaginary line connecting Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico, a significant number of ships and planes have disappeared under mysterious circumstances. It has been popularly known as the Bermuda Triangle, the Devil’s Triangle, and Limbo of the Lost. The area has also been called the Hood
International Court of Justice International Court of Justice 04/26/01 PL SC 14H Overview The issue of international terrorism is one that has engulfed the global community. With terrorism on the increase, we have seen that its importance has increased. Whether domestic or international in nature, terrorism is having an ever-increasing impact upon the international community. The United States has fallen victim to acts of terrorism recently, most notably the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma C
Bay of Pigs, Brigade 2506 Bay of Pigs, Brigade 2506 On the 17th of April, 1961, Brigade 2506, comprised of Cuban exiles, landed at the Bay of Pigs on the southern-central coast of Cuba. They were mostly young men who came from all sectors of society and regions of the island with one common goal: to overthrow the growing communism led by Fidel Castro who was imposing a rigid totalitarian system on this largest island of the Antilles. In three days of hard fighting highly superior forces defeated them. Almost 40 years af
Rainbow SixRainbow Six Contemporary Literature Book Report Tom Clancy’s Rainbow six is a gripping novel of terrorism, environmentalist views taken too far, and differing viewpoints of the meaning of life. I chose this book essentially unaware of the presence of these subjects, more because I had never enjoyed a Tom Clancy book to date and I figured this was the book with which to change that opinion. I ended up reading it because it was interesting, because it involved counter-terror scenarios (which are e
Controlling Anger -- Before It Controls YouControlling Anger -- Before It Controls You TOPICS: o What Is Anger? o Anger Management o Strategies To Keep Anger At Bay? o Do You Need Counseling? : whether as a fleeting annoyance or as full-fledged rag. To be angry is a completely normal, usually healthy, human emotion. But when it gets out of control and turns destructive, it can lead to problems—problems at work, in your personal relationships, and in the overall quality of your life. And it can make you feel as though you\'re at the mercy
DeregulationDeregulation The airline industry has been subject of intense price competition since it was deregulated, and the result has been a number of new carriers which specialize in regional service and no-frills operations. These carriers typically purchase older aircraft and often operate outside the industry-wide computerized reservations system. In exchange for these inconveniences, passengers receive low fares relative to the industry as a whole. This research examines two low fare air carriers, V
September 11 will not be repeated againSeptember 11 will not be repeated again Research Proposal Why this research proposal title We all know that on September 11 two of the passenger aircraft (A/C) was forced to crash in W.T.C by terrorists. As the families of the victims of this attack were busy for the funeral, Osama bin laden was busy chatting with his friends about the devastating result they could bring to the American economy. Although this attack was carried out in American soil, this was a real blow to the whole civilized wo
Anti-Jacking SystemAnti-Jacking System Research Proposal September 11 will not be repeated again Why this research proposal title We all know that on September 11 two of the passenger aircraft (A/C) was forced to crash in W.T.C by terrorists. As the families of the victims of this attack were busy for the funeral, Osama bin laden was busy chatting with his friends about the devastating result they could bring to the American economy. Although this attack was carried out in American soil, this was a real blow to th
Korean TempleKorean Temple Buddhist monks, those shaven-headed figures in gray robes, choose to leave this earthly world (that is, mundane society) in favor of an ascetic existence based on prayer and self-denial. But now their unworldly lifestyle is becoming a tourist product... with the monastics\' approval! Monastic life as a tourist attraction? It\'s part of a global craze for monasticism. From the Himalayas to the Hudson River, monks are in. Japanese salarymen are chucking their jobs and fleeing to mona
SwimmersSwimmers Swimmers lack a fixed point in the water from which to push. In moving the body forward, the swimmer also moves water backwards. The water acquires a kinetic energy change. Thus, propulsion in swimming involves two forms of power output: 1) to move the body forward by overcoming drag, and 2) that imparted to the compression of the water that is moved backwards. If gravitational and hydrostatic forces are ignored (the velocities occurring in the vertical direction are rather small), tw
George WashingtonGeorge Washington Washington, George (1732-1799), first president of the United States (1789-1797) and one of the most important leaders in United States history. His role in gaining independence for the American colonies and later in unifying them under the new U.S. federal government cannot be overestimated. Laboring against great difficulties, he created the Continental Army, which fought and won the American Revolution (1775-1783), out of what was little more than an armed mob. After an eigh