Witch

Outline

Thesis: Salem witch trail is an example of the American politic; people who
have the power in politic tents to do things too little or too late to help the
society because of the fear that they will be the one to blame for the problems.

I. Introduction and definition of Witchcraft

A. When and why society consider Witchcraft as evil.

II. Probe the time-line

A. Culture beliefs

III. Episode began

A. Parris and Williams show strange physical behavior and the village’s
doctor concluded it to be the result by the Satan.

B. Accusation began by accusing mostly women who economically, physically,
and emotionally harm society.

C. The accusation turns into personal matters.

D. Example of witch termination.

IV. Superior Court of Judicature steps in and replace the witches court.

V. Conclusion

A. Lesson for the American justice system.







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Witch Trail

Witchcraft, is the practice of magic and superstition by those outside the
religious tradition of a society. This term is used in different ways in various
historical and social contexts. In the early Christian centuries, the church was
relatively tolerant of magical practices. However, in the late Middle Ages
(13th-14th century), the conflict to so called witchcraft was no longer allowed
due to the growing belief that the magic and miracles did not come unambiguously
from GOD, but from the Devil and were therefore manifestation of evil.

The Salem Witch Trials are an often mis-represented time of American History.
During these trials, Many men and women were out to their death needlessly. Many
“witches” were merely scapegoats for other people to blame problems on, and
it is amazing that the politics of the time allowed this travesty to happen.
Politics is the driving force behind many American problems. People in political
power do too little or do it too late to help. The political parties of the time
could have stopped the trials, but were afraid to be branded as witches
themselves.

To understand the events, it is necessary to probe the times-line. There were
the common stresses of 17th century life in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. A
strong belief in the devil; factions among Salem Villages, fanatics and problem
with nearby Town, a recent small pox outbreak, and the threat of attack by
warring native tribes created a fertile ground for fear and suspicion.

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The episode began when nine-years old Elizabeth Parris and eleven years old
Abigail Williams began to show strange behavior, such as irreligious screaming,
convulsive seizures, trance-like states and mysterious spells. Within a short
time, several other Salem girls began to show similar behavior. Unable to
determine any physical cause for the symptoms and dreadful behavior, the village
physician, William Griggs, concluded that the girls were under the influence of
(the one and only) Satan.

A neighbor, Mary Sibley, proposed a form of countermagic. By baking a rye
cake with the urine of Satan’s victim and fed the cake to the dog. In theory
dogs were used by witches as agents to carry out their devilish commands. Tituba,
the servant, who had been known to tell the girls tales of omens, voodoo, and
witchcraft from her native folklore, and her participation in the urine cake
event made her an even more obvious victim for the unexplained behavior.
Meanwhile, the number of girls afflicted continued to grow. Prayer services and
community fasting were organized by Reverend Samuel, with hopes of relieving the
evil forces that plagued them.

Pressured to identify the source of their affliction, the girls begin to talk
about witches. On February 29, warrants were issued for the arrests of Tituba,
Sarah Good and Sarah Osborn. Tituba was an obvious choice. (Goody (Sarah) Good
was a begger and social misfit who lived wherever someone would give her a
place. Goody (Sarah) Osborn was old, and had not attended church for over a
year. The Putnams, one of the most influential elders of the village, brought
their complaint by the cause of; the two Goodies’ were midwives for Mrs.
Putnam, which had lost seven children during birth.

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Although Osborn and Good maintained innocence, Tituba confessed to seeing the
devil who appeared to her “sometimes like a hog and sometimes like a great dog”,
who asked her to sign in his book and to do his work. What’s, more, Tituba
testified that there was a conspiracy of witches at work in Salem. Magistrates
John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin examined Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborn
in the meeting house in Salem Village. Tituba confessed to practicing
witchcraft. Over the next weeks, other townspeople came forward and testified
that they too, have been harmed by or had seen strange apparitions of some of
the community members. As