William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman was born on
May 8, 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. He was educated at the
U.S. Military Academy and later went on to become a
Union General in the U.S. civil war. Sherman resigned from
the army in 1853 and became a partner in a banking firm in
San Francisco. He became the president of the Military
College in Louisiana(now Louisiana state University) from
1859-1861. Sherman offered his services at the outbreak of
the Civil War in 1861 and was put in command of a
volunteer infantry regiment, becoming a brigadier general of
volunteers after the first Battle of bull run. He led his division
at the Battle of Shiloh and was then promoted to major
general of volunteers. Soon after Sherman fought in the
battle of Chattanooga he was made supreme commander of
the armies in the west. Sherman fought many battles with
such people as Ulysses S. Grant, and against people such as
Robert E. Lee before he was commissioned lieutenant
general of the regular army. Following Grants election to
presidency he was promoted to the rank of full general and
given command of the entire U.S. Army. William Sherman
published his personal memoirs in 1875, retired in 1883, and
died in 1891. William Tecumseh Sherman, as you have read,
was a very talented and very successful man. He is
remembered by many accomplishments, but probably most
remembered by his famous March to the sea. Sherman\'s
march to the sea was probably the most celebrated military
action, in which about sixty thousand men marched with
Sherman from Atlanta to the Atlantic ocean, then north
through South Carolina destroying the last of the souths
economic resources. Bedford Forrest was in Tennessee, and
with Atlanta secured, Sherman dispatched George H.
Thomas to Nashville to restore the order there. John B.
Hood threatened Thomas\'s supply line, and for about a
month, they both fought north of Atlanta. Sherman decided
to do the complete opposite of what the strategic plan laid
down by Grant six months earlier had proposed to do. In
that plan Grant had insisted that Confederate armies were
the first and foremost objectives for Union strategy. What
Sherman decided now was that he would completely ignore
the Confederate armies and go for the "spirit that sustained
the Confederate nation itself", the homes, the property, the
families, and the food of the Southern heartland. He would
march for Savannah, Georgia and the seacoast, abandoning
his own line of supply, and live off the land and harvests of
the Georgia Country. Grant finally approved Sherman\'s plan,
so Sherman set off on his march eastward, "smashing things
to the sea." On November 15, 1864, Sherman began his
march to the sea. "I can make . . . Georgia howl!" he
promised. Sherman left Atlanta, setting it up in flames as they
left, with 62,000 men, 55,000 of them on foot, 5,000 on
cavalry horses, and about 2,000 riding artillery horses. It
was an army of 218 regiments, 184 of them from the West,
and of these 155 were from the old Northwest Territory.
This army was remembered as a lean and strong one. The
bulk of the army was made up of Germans, Irish, Scotch,
and English. Sherman and his army arrived in Georgia where
there was no opposition, and the march was very leisurely.
The army fanned out widely, covering a sixty mile span from
one side to the other. The army destroyed, demolished and
crushed whatever got in their way, the land, homes,
buildings, and people. Bridges, railroads, machine shops,
warehouses- anything of this nature that was in Shaman\'s
path was burned and destroyed. As a result of this march
eliminating a lot of the food to feed the Confederate army
and its animals, the whole Confederate war effort would
become weaker and weaker and weaker. Sherman went on
toward the sea while the Confederacy could do nothing.
Sherman\'s march to the sea was a demonstration that the
Confederacy could not protect its own. Many agree that
Sherman was too brutal and cruel during the march to the
sea, but Sherman and his men were effectively demolishing
the Confederate homeland, and that was all that mattered to
Sherman. Because Sherman "waged an economic war
against civilians", he has been called the first modern general.
Sherman is remembered by some as one of the best generals
of the U.S. Civil War, and by others(mainly whom live in the
south) as a cruel, brutal, horrible, and evil man. William
Tecumseh Sherman is believed to have coined the phrase,
"War is hell." "There is many a boy here who looks on war
as all glory, but, boys, it is all hell. You can bear this warning
voice to