Why The Marxist Ideal Cannot Work

The Marxist ideal, a highly appealing, almost Utopian
society, is impossible to achieve due to the fact that it
demands that the human mind be almost without flaws. It
asks of society and its members to be absolutely without
ranks, without greed or leadership. This has been clearly
impossible for society. Each step to achieving a communist
establishment has been, continues to be, and will be, in
actuality, a step towards the totalitarian societies of past
and current so-called communist countries. Communism
became popular solely in under-developed countries,
contrary to Marx\'s beliefs as to what should happen, and
its rise in these countries was the beginning of its fall. Marx
believed that the only way to overthrow capitalism was to
create a revolution of the proletariat and in essence this
revolution carries the cause even farther away from true
communism. Equality is the next issue that Marx tackled,
and in the communist ideal, it is absolutely crucial. In the
real world of distorted ideologies, it hovers in the
background. The ultimate in communist ideologies,
however, is that eventually there will be no need for
government. This essay will illustrate how, as communist
societies in the real world progress, nothing could be
further from the truth. Currently, communism, as exercised
in the few Communist countries left in the world, is far from
the Marxist ideal. From its beginnings to the present day
and into the future, communism has become distorted into
something that would be Marx\'s worst nightmare. Due to
"quirks" in the human mind that just can\'t seem to be
worked out, the Marxist ideal simply cannot work.
Marx\'s prediction was that communism would prevail in
the highly industrialized countries of Western Europe.
Instead, it took place in Russia, a country troubled by its
corrupt head of state.
By definition a Communist revolt demanded an
industrialized country as its focus, where a militant and
organized proletariat had had a chance to develop. The
revolution of 1917, however, exploded in Czarist Russia,
one of the most backward countries in Europe.i
Russia in the early 20th century was mainly agricultural,
rather than industrial, but through their exasperation and
strong leadership, the Communists prevailed. The head of
state, Czar Nicholas II, was overthrown, and later that year
Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik Party established the first
Marxist government in the world. With the formation of this
Communist government began the downfall of Marx\'s
Ideal. Lenin had established a so-called Marxist
government, but he felt that Russia was not yet ready for
the Marxist idea of Communism. He believed that the
country first had to be industrialized. That had been one of
Marx\'s stipulations. Secondly, Lenin felt that the new ruling
class, the proletariat, was not yet ready for ruling, so he
took up the position. That is where the chief problem lies,
in the implementation of the Marxist Ideal. From the very
beginning, even prior to the foretold revolution, the ideal is
fitted to the leaders\' viewpoints, which is completely
opposite to what Marx had envisioned. The problem with
capitalism, as Marx saw it, was that leaders were taking the
lives and futures of others in their hands and using them to
their advantage and this was forever escalating. As Leninist
Russia progressed, Lenin guaranteed that people did not
gain too much freedom and implemented such forces as the
secret police and one-party rule. Thus, through initial
adaptations of the system as envisioned by its creator, the
distortion of the ideal is present even in its beginnings.
Following the first step towards communism is the
revolution that Marx predicted would ultimately occur.
However, through a revolution, especially a violent one that
Marx deemed would sometimes be necessary, power is to
be had and, as the infamous saying goes, "power corrupts."
In order for a revolution to occur there must be a leader
and inevitably this leader will assume a greater power and
use this to his advantage, destroying Marx\'s Utopia of
equality from the beginning. In keeping with how this
analogy relates to Communist Russia, Lenin and his
Bolsheviks exercised this type of leadership. They
advocated, equality and the wonderful society predicted by
Marx, but as it became evident that they were about to win
the revolution, they realized that there were slightly
modified principles by which their type of Communism
would abide. Unfortunately, the remainder of the quote is,
"and absolute power corrupts absolutely" and the
"modifications" of the Russian Communist system, and all
others that have endured, became more and more major.
Marx believed that absolute equality was the key to the
communist ideal and, through good leadership, this could
be achieved.
In the various stages of development which the struggle of
the working class against the bourgeoisie has to pass
through, they