What more must be done to save the planet Earth from pollution?


Planet earth is dying: the ozone layer is depleting, global temperatures are rising, polar ice caps are melting, the air has become a dwelling for toxic vapours and the ground is being impregnated with tonnes of harmful waste. In man’s attempt to dominate earth, he is slowly but painfully destroying this planet by a process termed- pollution. As a result, earth needs to be saved from the introduction of harmful chemicals and substances into the environment, by man. There are already some efforts to save planet earth from air, land and sea pollution; however lots more need to be done.


The first major pollution plaguing the earth today is air pollution. Air is the breath of life and now it has apparently become “a breath of death”. It is loaded with high levels of: carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxides, sulphur dioxide, CFC\'s and carbon dioxide (all of which are harmful to the body and the environment).


One step that have already been undertaken to help curb air pollution is the introduction of catalytic converters in cars which alter the toxic vapours from the engine to less harmful gases. However, this process also produces carbon dioxide, which is a leading factor for global warming; therefore other processes within the converter itself should be created which would cut down the level of carbon dioxide produced. Additionally, there are laws in many countries (example- Clean Air Act of 1970 in USA) whereby drivers are charged if they have soot coming out of there exhaust but these laws are not enforced. Trinidad and Tobago is a clear example of this. In order to save the earth, this law ought to be enforced. Locally, the government of T&T has initiated a new project to save the air: the phasing out of leaded gasoline and introducing only the unleaded type. This is a good step in the right direction, and this should be a project which all countries worldwide should undertake.


Moreover, there are attempts to cease the use of CFC\'s but that is not enough, there ought to be a total worldwide ban placed on the substance. There should also be a ban placed on cigarette smoking since this introduce arsenic and naphthalene into the air which is a poison used to kill rats and cockroaches.


Additionally, many factories that produce sulphur dioxide vapour have cut down its production by almost 90%by using a process called limestone scrubbing, however this process produces slag which has to be gotten rid off by dumping. Therefore chemical processes should also be created to get rid off or reuse this substance so it does not enter the environment.


Another way in which the levels of chemicals in the air can be controlled is by having governments and private organizations work together, such as Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth, EPA of America and EMA of Trinidad. The governments should stand for the earth’s rights. The leaders of this globe should work together for its betterment and not fight against those who are trying to save it. An example of this was: the Greenpeace peacefully protesting against America for illegally logging in Brazil, and as a result of this, president George Bush is attempting for the first time ever to sue the Greenpeace.


Another type of pollution that is attacking this world is land pollution. This involves littering, improper garbage disposals, dumping of chemical and radioactive substances into the earth, which cause damage to the soil and contamination of the ground water. A major process that helps in curbing land pollution is recycling. The EPA of America has started recycling programs and has now accounted that a quarter of the 200million tonnes of waste is now being recycled, but what about the next 75%. Where will it go? There should be more programs to eliminate the rest of this solid waste. The public should get more involved and have strict recycling programs with the garbage disposal system.


Locally there is the EMA, which is the major anti pollution organization but they should try to enforce the $1000 litter fines (since no one has been charged yet). Recently however, there has been the introduction of the CEPEP program, which involves environment protection and