Week 9 (p.159 - end of the novel)
Walton, in Continuation.

1. ‘The apparition of the monster seen from our ship, brought to me a greater conviction of the truth of his narrative than his asseverations, however, earnest and connected' (p.160)
How does the framed narrative act to make the story more believable?

In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein," the narrative consists of a man's perspective, varying from Walton to Victor and The Creature. The effect is that this has on making the story more believable is that reader is presented with multiple perspectives of the story from a man's views and it showing how her novel was ‘man dominated', the way society was one text, and these multiple perspectives provide the reader with more information about the characters including their motivations, thoughts and feelings.

2. ‘What a glorious creature must he have been in the days of his prosperity when he is thus noble and godlike in ruin! He seems to feel his own worth and the greatness of his fall' (p.161). How does Walton now see Frankenstein? Has his opinion of him changed?

When Walton and Frankenstein first meet at the beginning of the novel, Walton believes that Victor "must have been a noble creature in his better days, being even now in a wreck so attractive and amiable" (p.22). We see this same admiration for Victor from Walton towards the end of the novel as Walton says "what a glorious creature must he have been in the days of his prosperity when he is thus noble and godlike in ruin" (p.161). Here it is clear that Walton still admires Victor and sees him as "noble" despite only ever seeing him in his darkest times and wonders how great he must've been "in the days of his prosperity" (p.161),

3. ‘I am surrounded by mountains of ice which admit no escape and threaten every moment to crush my vessel…if we are lost, my mad schemes are the cause' (p.162). Why does Shelley begin and end the novel in such a remote and freezing landscape? Consider the Year without a Summer, the Sublime, Isolation.

We see how Shelley deliberately begins and ends the novel in the remote vastness of the Arctic Circle to emphasise the theme of isolation and the idea that there is "no escape" (p.162). The circular notion of this leaves the reader feeling that these men are forever doomed to be lonely and isolated "surrounded by mountains of ice" (p.162) but also shows how nothing is more powerful than nature itself as in the end they become subjects to the power of nature. As well as this it is presented as the most forceful element of the novel, because we see how it is not in Victor's nature to recreate without a woman's intervention yet he still does it and as a result suffers the unfortunate consequences.

4. Walton tells us many of his crew have ‘found a grave amidst this scene of desolation' and faces ‘mutiny' from his men who are turning against him. Are his men justified in wanting to go home? How might this link to the French Revolution?

To a large extent his men are justified in wanting to go home because they have been stuck "surrounded by mountains of ice, still in imminent danger of being crushed" (p.163) and as he says some of his comrades have already died in the vessel as a result of the cold. This could possibly link to the French revolution and the way the lower class were rising up and trying to behead those who created the system in which they lived in. Also, it could relate to the way some of the lower class often blamed those on the nobility for their burdens and struggles the way the Crew blame Walton.

5. Look at Frankenstein's long, enthusiastic speech to Walton's men telling them to continue on their mission: ‘Be steady to your purposes and firm as a rock', ‘did you not call this a glorious expedition?' p.163/4. Why does he tell them this, when it seems to go against his warning to Walton about the pursuit of science?

Despite previously warning Walton about the pursuit of science, Victor tells Walton's men to "return as heroes