victims of jack the ripper

The Victims of Jack the Ripper



Jack the Ripper is remembered as one of history’s most famous, daring, and
heinous serial killers. His technique of getting his victims to lay down before
he slashed their throats, then disemboweling them in a matter of a minute or two
with as little blood flow as possible distinguishes him as one of the most
methodical, ruthless killers to ever live. He even performed some of his
gruesome murders right in the street and left his victims to be found minutes
later by people or policemen passing by. This demonstrates what extremes he
would actually go to to fulfill his desire for killing. Through my report I will
attempt to create a brief profile of his victims as well as explore the
methodical and horrendous ways they were murdered. 1.Mary Anne “Polly”
Nichols Mary Anne Nichols was found dead on Aug. 31, 1888 between 3:30 and 4:00
A.M. by a porter on his way to work. At a first glance, it appeared to the
porter that the woman was just laying down in the street merely unconscious.
Police officer John Neil was summoned to the scene minutes after the body was
found. The light from his lamp revealed that the woman was in fact dead with a
slashed throat. Dr. Rees Ralph Llewellyn was performing a surgery when he was
called to make an official examination of the body. After the examination was
complete he pronounced the woman dead by means of a slashed throat. He also took
special note that the body was still warm, indicating that the victim had been
dead perhaps only minutes before being discovered. The body was removed to the
mortuary shed at the Old Montague Street Workhouse Infirmary to be autopsied.
Only then was the unusually large puddle of blood that had collected beneath the
body seen. Once at the mortuary, Dr. Llewellyn performed a full autopsy which
revealed more about the manner of the murder that was not acknowledged during
the street examination. Not only was her throat slashed, but her abdominal area
and sexual organs had been brutally sliced and mutilated, which explained the
large puddle of blood beneath the body. Furthermore, there were many bruises on
the sides of her face which indicated that she had been knocked unconscious
before being mutilated. The murder was believed to have been committed with a
stout- handled blade of six to eight inches long (Geary, p.7). Mary Anne Nichols
was the first victim of Jack the Ripper who was deliberately mutilated. She was
known as “Polly” by her friends, and was a drunken street prostitute in her
early forties. She married at the age of nineteen to a printer named William
Nichols. They had five children together. The two eventually separated shortly
after Mary Anne developed a drinking problem. William took custody of all of
their children, except for the oldest, Edward, and paid Mary a weekly allowance
of $5.25 until he learned of her lifestyle as a street prostitute. Mary Anne was
last seen by a friend named Ellen Holland at 2:30 a.m. on the corner of Osborn
Street and Whitechapel High Street. It was noted that she was drunk and
staggering at the time. After a weekend of investigation, the Metropolitan
Police Force was unable to come up with much useful information regarding the
murder of Mary Anne Nichols. 2. Annie Chapman On Sept. 8, 1888, a little before
6:00A.M., Annie Chapman was found laying dead at the foot of steps at the back
of a lodging house by a lodger named John Davis. The first sight of the dead
body sent Davis screaming down his street, alarming the whole neighborhood.
Inspector Joseph Luniss Chandler of the Commercial Street station arrived with
his men to seal off the scene and the building from the large crowd that had
already gathered before their arrival. Dr. Wynne Baxter-Phillips was summoned to
the scene to examine the body. His brief examination revealed that the woman’s
throat was cut with two deep slashes, so deep, in fact that the woman was almost
beheaded. A scarf had been tied around her neck as if to hide the slashed
throat. Her skirt was lifted just above her knees and her legs were bent up and
cut. After her skirt was lifted up, it revealed that her entire body cavity was
opened up, with the entrails entirely scooped out and placed over her right
shoulder. This was an even worse mutilation than the previous victim. The body
was brought to the same mortuary as before,