Two themes that affect Marlow and Kurtz in Heart o
This essay Two themes that affect Marlow and Kurtz in Heart o has a total of 3195 words and 24 pages.
Two themes that affect Marlow and Kurtz in Heart of Darkness
There are many themes that run through the novel Heart of Darkness. There are however two main and significant ones. These are the theme of restraint and man’s journey into self.
The importance of restraint is stressed throughout Heart of Darkness. In the novel Marlow is saved by restraint, while Kurtz is doomed by his lack of it.
Marlow felt different about Africa before he went, because the colonization of the Congo had "an idea at the back of it." Despite an uneasiness, he assumed that restraint would operate there. He soon reaches the Company station and receives his first shock, everything there seems meaningless. He sees no evidence here of that "devotion to efficiency" that makes the idea work. In the middle of this, Marlow meets a "miracle". The chief accountant has the restraint that it takes to get the job done. He keeps up his apearance and his books are in "apple-pie order." Marlow respects this fellow because he has a backbone.
"The cannibals some of those ignorant millions, are almost totally characterized by restraint." They outnumber the whites "thirty to five" and could easily fill their starving bellies. Marlow "would have as soon expected restraint from a hyena prowling amongst the corpses of a battlefield." The cannibals action is "one of those human secrets that
baffle probability." This helps Marlow keep his restraint, for if the natives can possess this quality Marlow feels he certainly can.
Kurtz is the essence of the lack of restraint Marlow sees everywhere. Kurtz has "kicked himself loose from the earth." "He owes no allegiance to anything except those animal powers, those various lusts, those unpermitted aspirations lurking in the darkness of his inner station. Marlow also responds to these dark callings, and he almost becomes their captive. He confuses the beat of the drum (the call to man’s primitive side) with his own heartbeat, and is pleased. Yet he does not slip over the edge as Kurtz does. Marlow keeps to the track. When he is confronted with the ultimate evil where a man "must fall back on (his) own innate strength, upon (his) own capacity for faithfulness," he is able to do so, he shows the necessary restraint.
The second theme of course is man’s journey into self. During Marlow’s mission to find Kurtz, he is also trying to find himself. He, like Kurtz had good intentions upon entering the Congo. Conrad tries to show us that Marlow is what Kurtz had been, and Kurtz is what Marlow could become. Every human has a little of Marlow and Kurtz in them. Marlow says about himself, "I was getting savage," meaning that he was becoming more like Kurtz. Along the trip into the wilderness, they discover their true selves through contact with savage natives.
As Marlow journeys up the Congo, he feels he is travelling back through time. He sees the unsettled wilderness and can feel the darkness of it’s solitude. "Marlow comes across simpler cannibalistic cultures along the banks. The deeper into the jungle he goes, the more regressive the inhabitants seem."
Kurtz had lived in the Congo, and was separated from his own culture for quite some time. He had once been considered an honorable man, but the jungle changed him greatly. Here isolated from the rest of his own society, he discovered the evil side and became corrupted by his power and isolation.
Marlow realizes that only very near the time of death, does a person grasp the big picture. He describes Kurtz’s last moments "as though a veil had been rent." Kurtz’s last "supreme moment of complete knowledge," showed him how horrible the human soul really can be. Marlow can only guess as to what Kurtz saw that caused him to exclaim "The horror! The horror," but later adds that "Since I peeped over the edge myself, I understand better the meaning of his stare... it was wide enough to embrace the whole universe, piercing enough to penetrate all the hearts that beat in the darkness..he had summed up, he had judged." Marlow guesses that Kurtz suddenly knew everything and
discovered how horrible the man can be. Marlow learned through Kurtz’s death, and he now knows that inside every human is
Topics Related to Two themes that affect Marlow and Kurtz in Heart o
Congo Free State, Heart of Darkness, Human trophy collecting, Novellas, Joseph Conrad, Kurtz, Charles Marlow, International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs
Essays Related to Two themes that affect Marlow and Kurtz in Heart o
Similarities in Joseph Conrad's novelsSimilarities in Joseph Conrad\'s novels I hereby hand over all copyrights I might have for this paper. You are free to use it for what ever purpose you see fit. Jonathan Welden Joseph Conrad\'s books, The Secret Sharer and Heart of Darkness, both deal with each of our dark selves. These books also have similarities which are overwhelming. In describing the true inner self of humans, Conrad used many symbols which have become apparent in many of his novels. Conrad uses the same or very similar
Suicide in Las VegaSuicide in Las Vega Hell is expensive. This is my first thought as my plane lands in Las Vegas. The Luxor hotel\'s glass pyramid seems dangerously close to the runway\'s edge, as do its chocolate-and-gold sphinx and rows of shaved palms. I wonder if these rooms tremble when jets land. Behind the Luxor are mountains kissed by dust the hue of bone; to its left lies the Strip, where color is so bright it looks like it has died, rotted, and come back as a poisonous flower. I have been forewarned. Fi
The Heart of Darkness: The Horror!The Heart of Darkness: The Horror! David Yu In Heart of Darkness it is the white invaders for instance, who are, almost without exception, embodiments of blindness, selfishness, and cruelty; and even in the cognitive domain, where such positive phrases as to enlighten, for instance, are conventionally opposed to negative ones such as to be in the dark, the traditional expectations are reversed. In Kurtz\'s painting, as we have seen, the effect of the torch light on the face was sinister (W
CapoieraCapoiera Peter Newell 11-10-99 Period 1 Capoeira Essay (Informative) CAPOEIRA Origin: Angola and Brazil History: Capoeira is the common name for the group of African martial arts that came out of west Africa and were modified and mixed in Brazil. These original styles included weapons, grappling and striking as well as animal forms that became incorporated into different components and sub styles of the art. In 1500\'s the Portuguese, led by explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral, arrived in Brazil. One
Heart of DarknessHeart of Darkness 11-27-94 Ewrt1B The Horror! In Heart of Darkness it is the white invaders for instance, who are, almost without exception, embodiments of blindness, selfishness, and cruelty; and even in the cognitive domain, where such positive phrases as to enlighten, for instance, are conventionally opposed to negative ones such as to be in the dark, the traditional expectations are reversed. In Kurtz\'s painting, as we have seen, the effect of the torch light on the face was sinister
Heart of DarknessHeart of Darkness Daniel Tortora Paper 4 Final Draft Heart of Darkness, a novel by Joseph Conrad, and Apocalypse Now, a movie by Francis Ford Coppola can be compared and contrasted in many ways. By focusing on their endings and on the character of Kurtz, contrasting the meanings of the horror in each media emerges. In the novel the horror reflects Kurtz tragedy of transforming into a ruthless animal whereas in the film the horror has more of a definite meaning, reflecting the war and all the bar
HEart Of DarknessHEart Of Darkness Heart of Darkness In Heart of Darkness it is the white invaders for instance, who are, almost without exception, embodiments of blindness, selfishness, and cruelty; and even in the cognitive domain, where such positive phrases as to enlighten, for instance, are conventionally opposed to negative ones such as to be in the dark, the traditional expectations are reversed. In Kurtz\'s painting, as we have seen, the effect of the torch light on the face was sinister (Watt 332). Ian
Heart of Darkness – Pages 68-75Heart of Darkness – Pages 68-75 Summary The events that take place in pages 68 to the end of the novel revolve around Kurtz’s death. This section of Heart of Darkness opens with the steamer breaking down. The delay disheartens Kurtz’s confidence to return to his Intended. Marlow is slowly becoming ill and Kurtz becomes worried that the manager will gain control. In response, Kurtz decides to give Marlow a bundle of papers for safekeeping. Kurtz’s condition worsens as time progresses. A few eveni
Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties”Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties” 1960 – 1968 I. Kennedy’s “New Frontier” Spirit 1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected to president of the United States—the youngest man ever elected to that office. 2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil rights revolutions, the emergence of a “youth culture,” a devastating war in Vietnam, and the beginnings of a feminist revolution. 3. JFK delivered a stirring inaugural address, and he also assembled a very young cabinet, includi
Reasons for Expansionist PolicyReasons for Expansionist Policy By the end of the 19th century expansion had become a predominant feature of American foreign policy. The continental westward expansion by the end of the 1880’s; perceivably had reached its zenith, and abundant reasons existed for the acquisition of a new offshore commercial frontier. A depression; which forged a need to compete with foreign powers on a commercial and strategic level, as well as a sense of duty known as manifest destiny embodied the ideal and rea
Capital PunishmentCapital Punishment Susan Smith intentionally drove her car into a lake with her two children strapped to the back seat, but the jury decided that capital punishment is too cruel for murdering her infant daughters. The word capital in capital punishment refers to a person\'s head. In the past, people were often executed by severing their head from their body. Today, in the U.S., most prisoners are murdered by lethal injection. Capital Punishment has been a major issue in today\'s society; seventy
An Analysis of Heart of DarknessAn Analysis of Heart of Darkness Conrad\'s novel, Heart of Darkness, relies on the historical period of imperialism in order to describe its protagonist, Charlie Marlow, and his struggle. Marlow\'s catharsis in the novel, as he goes to the Congo, rests on how he visualises the effects of imperialism. Marlow\'s change, as caused by his exposure to the imperialistic nature of the historical period in which he lived is one of the main concerns of our study.Because, Joseph Conrad develops themes of
Cultural conflicts and social change in Africa andCultural conflicts and social change in Africa and its Sub-region: conceptualising the possibilities and limitations of conflict management Cultural conflict Conflict is a construct referring to affective aspects of a particular situation, which involves antagonists. My observations have led me to suggest that conflict fits within the following table of emotional and affective states in a society, which can vary from time to time: Feeling/State Interaction Consequences Comfort Discussion Stabili
Harlem RenaissanceHarlem Renaissance 17-04-04 “A heightened concern with artistic form and a concern for representing the social world are not at odds with one another. Indeed, new social forms require new forms of representation.” Poets and writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance manage to both represent and contradict this statement, depending on the point at which we analyze them As a relatively new social caste they saw opportunities in modern forms of artistic expression like jazz or the blues, but th
BelgiumBelgium “The Workshop of Europe” One of the many fascinating countries in Europe is Belgium. In northwestern Europe lies this country. It is small in size, but there are many people who live in Belgium which makes it one of the most densely populated European counties. It plays an important part in world affairs as NATO is located in its capital of Brussels. Many manufactured goods are produced here, as it is nicknamed the Workshop of Europe. North to south measures about 100 miles and about hal
Veering PointVeering Point What were the causes and effects of World War I? The answer to this seemingly simple question is not elementary. There was more to the onset of the war then the event of an Austrian prince being murdered in Serbia, as is what most people consider to be the cause of World War I. Furthermore, the effects of the war were not just concentrated to a post-war era lasting for a generation of Westerners. No, the effects of the war were widespread throughout the world and can be traced to g
Committee on OutragesCommittee on Outrages A committee on Outrages was appointed, and from it’s report we gather the following facts showing the actual condition of the State. Out of forty-five counties, murders of colored men during the past year are reported in seventeen counties, and we are informed these murders are very common.1 This passage was from a black convention held in Macon, Georgia, during the year 1870. That was the period directly following the north’s victory in the Civil War, and the whites contem
Causes and Effects of World War ICauses and Effects of World War I What were the causes and effects of World War I? The answer to this seemingly simple question is not elementary. There was more to the onset of the war then the event of an Austrian prince being murdered in Serbia, as is what most people consider to be the cause of World War I. Furthermore, the effects of the war were not just concentrated to a post-war era lasting for a generation of Westerners. No, the effects of the war were widespread throughout the world an
URANIUMURANIUM NUCLEAR FRIEND OR NUCLEAR FOE On Monday August 6, 1945 the U.S. Bomber Enola Gay flew over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Seconds later a metallic projectile fell towards its target. In a blinding flash the world felt the power of a new age, the nuclear age. The study of radiation that would eventually lead to these uranium weapons began in 1798. It was in this year that the german chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth identified the element uranium. Uranium was not isolated in a metallic st
HIV VirusHIV Virus The Invisible Tyrants A Brief History of the H.I.V. Virus February 27th, 1994 Frank Mancini [email protected] Supposedly 1.6 million years have passed since the earliest human like ancestors. 250,000 years since the earliest Homo Sapiens and 1962 years since Jesus Christ was executed. Although not everyone agrees on whether the existence of Christ is true or not, that is what the standard calendar defining days and time is based upon and that is the way we deal economically and politic
Reasearch On VoodooReasearch On Voodoo Voodoo and It’s Misinterpretation in America Voodoo is a religion rich in heiratage and founded in faith and community. The religion has been villianized by western culture and has been wrongly protrayed as malignant and dangerous. The religion is not founded in any of the “black magics” or fear popularized by Hollywood films, but rather it is based on balance and tradition. The religion is not something which should be encountered with inhibition or fear induced from childho
FranceFrance Introduction France, which is the largest nation in Western Europe, is a presidential republic. France is a very important nation in Europe and it continues to be involved in contemporary policy issues. Helping the world as one of the great trading nations, France is a very important trading partner with the United States. Not only is France important to the United States, they are also important to countries all over the world. Their abundance of both mineral and agricultural resources m
Slavery, condition in which one human being is own Slavery, condition in which one human being is owned by anotherÂ [ HYPERLINK https://www.ukessays.com/essays/history/slavery-in-usa-and-serfdom-in-russia-history-essay.php \l ftn1 1 ]Â , has been part of countless civilizations since the dawn of Mankind. From the fields and mines of Ancient Mesopotamia, through great Rome and sophistic Greece, and all the way until just but a century ago in America and Russia, slavery was a basic foundation of the society. In its beginning, and several time