TimeLine of Canada

Block: E

British Columbia joins confederation (July 20).

The National Council of Women of Canada is founded.

The economic depression ends. Liberals under Laurier (the first French Canadian prime minister) win federal election partly on the Manitoba Schools Question, though his compromises are not instituted until 1897. Gold is discovered in the Klondike (Aug. 16).

The Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan are formed.

Robert Borden and the Conservatives win federal election, defeating Laurier on the issue of Reciprocity.

Canada joins the League of Nations at its inception. The Progressive Party is formed by T. A. Crerar to obtain law tariffs for western farmers.

Mackenzie King and the Liberals win federal election. Agnes Macphail becomes the first woman elected to Parliament, then representing the Progressive Party (which came in second and held the balance of power despite refusals to form an official opposition). Woodsworth becomes the first socialist elected to the House of Commons. The Bluenose is launched at Lunenburg, N.S. (Mar. 26). Colonial Motors of Walkerville, Ontario manufactures an automobile called the Canadian.

The Canadian Northern and Canadian Transcontinental Railways merge to form the Canadian National Railways. Canada\'s reveals a growing independence by not going to Britain\'s aid in the Chanak crisis in Turkey. Banting, Best, MacLeod, and Collip share the Nobel Prize for the discovery of insulin. Foster Hewitt makes the first hockey broadcast. A Provincial Franchise Committee is organized in Quebec to work towards female suffrage in the province. Of the other provinces, only Newfoundland has not yet given women the vote.

A feeling of independence continues to grow. Canada signs the Halibut Treaty with the U.S. without the traditional British signature. Mackenzie King leads the opposition to a common imperial policy at the Imperial Conference in London. Always heavily subsidized, the Grand Trunk Railway is finally taken over by the government. The federal government more or less forbids Chinese immigration on Dominion Day, soon to be called "Humiliation Day" by Chinese-Canadians.

The post-war boom is briefly interrupted by an economic slump. The first Canadian subway opens in Toronto (Mar. 30). Viewers of the British Empire games in Vancouver see two runners break the four minute mile in the same race. Marilyn Bell is the first person to swim across Lake Ontario (Sept. 9). Hurricane Hazel kills almost seven dozen people in Toronto (Oct. 15).

Canadians get social insurance cards (Apr.) Northern Dancer is the first Canadian horse to win the Kentucky Derby

Québec passes Bill 101, restricting English schooling to children of parents who had been educated in English schools (Aug. 26). Highway signs are changed to the metric system (Sept. 6