Ticonderoga and Crown Point

The immediate object of the
attack on the British Forts at Ticonderoga and Crown Point
on May 10 and 11, 1775 was first to capture the forts
themselves, but also to obtain a cannon and supplies to use
for the impending seige of Boston. Washington, who
assumed command of the American forces on July 2, 1775,
could not attempt this attack without heavy artillery, which
was procured by Colonel Ethan Allen, Colonel Benedict
Arnold and Colonel Seth Warner with Vermont’s Green
Mountain Boys. Green Mountain Boys, was the name of a
group of soldiers from Vermont led by Allen, Warner and
Arnold. They took their name from the Green Mountains in
Vermont. The Green Mountain Boys were originally
organized by Ethan Allen before the revolution to protest the
claims of the New York government to Vermont territory,
and were later joined by Seth Warner and Benedict Arnold.
Seth Warner, was born in Connecticut and later moved to
Vermont, where he was declared an outlaw in 1771 for
forcibly resisting a New York claim to the area, and had a
reward offered for his capture. Under Ethan Allen and
Benedict Arnold, he participated in the seizure of Fort
Ticonderoga and led the force that took Crown Point the
next day. Later that year, he was elected lieutenant-colonel
commandant of the Green Mountain Boys. Ethan Allen was
also born Connecticut, moving to Vermont in 1769. He
became involved in the struggle between New York and
New Hampshire for control of the region, just like Allen
was. The New York authorities rejected an appeal that the
region be established as a separate province, and Allen
organized a volunteer militia, called the Green Mountain
Boys, to resist the New York cause. Volunteers were raised
by the Committee of Correspondence. They recruited fifty
men and three hundred pounds to set up the Green
Mountain Boys. Allen too, was declared an outlaw by the
governor of New York. At the outbreak of the Revolution,
Allen and The Green Mountain Boys offered to fight against
the British. Arnold was born in Connecticut and enlisted in
the militia during the French and Indian War. Later, as a
militia colonel, Arnold joined with Allen and The Green
Mountain Boys to take Fort Ticonderoga . Allen and
Arnold, by order of the Connecticut legislature, crossed lake
Champlain in two boats with a total of eighty-three men and
captured Fort Ticonderoga early in the morning of May 10,
1775, while the British garrison was still sleeping. Allen
demanded that the British commander surrender in the name
of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress. The
commander complied and consequently there was no
bloodshed. Military supplies from the fort were used to aid
George Washington\'s ill-equipped American forces, who
were attempting the seige of Boston.

Category: History