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THROUGH THE AGES- THEN AND NOW



The Beginning





Education


This decade was full of changes in the education area. The first elementary school was formed by John Dewey. Looking out for man-kind, some people encouraged the schooling and educating of Afro-Americans, but the South, and parts of the North still remained under their policy of racial segregation. Annual teachers pay was around $325. Mary McLeod Bethune started the first school for Negro girls. High schools were popular, and junior high schools were in the near future.


Home Life


In 1925, a law was passed requiring all pasteurized milk plants to obtain a license from the Department and to abide by minimum standards. The average life expectancies of people were fairly low. Men’s life expectancies were about 53.6 years, while women’s were around 54.6 years. There were 106,521,537 people living in the United States at this time. Of them, 2,132,000 were unemployed, and the unemployment rate was at 5.2%. The illiteracy rate reached a low of 6% of the United States population.


Clothes


In the 1920s, women loved short skirts and dropped waistlines. In the earlier years of the decade, the skirt fell 7-10” below the knee. The skirts and dresses of the time were exceptionally detailed. Even the most inexpensive chain-store lines were greatly meticulous. Bobbed haircuts were very popular in the time, and were popularized by Irene Castle, just after World War I. Silk, cotton, linen, and wool were big fabrics being used in the clothing industry at this time. Clothes were being cut to cling tighter on a woman’s body, and the term “flapper” came about in this era.


Food


The 1920s was a remarkable time for the food industry. Foreign food, such as Chinese food, was very popular at the time. It was also the time of the Prohibition, where there was no selling, manufacturing, transporting, possession, or consumption of alcoholic beverages. Some of the foods of the time were as follows: Jell-O, oatmeal, Swiss steak, hash, chiffon pies, Caesar salad, and Cobb, salad.


Job


The 1920s was the end of the Great War. Following this was a time of spending, cheap cars, and new consumer products. Then in 1929 came the crash. The stock market crashed, and the Great Depression followed for many reasons. There was about a 25% unemployment rate in the United States during the 1920s. The average annual earnings were $1368. Teachers were being paid about $970.


Dating


“Marriage is one aspect of sexual life in which there was continuity between generations. Young and unmarried women on the whole by the 1910s and 1920s preferred to participate in a consumer-oriented, heterosocial (or mixed-sex) culture situated in the public sphere and saturated with heterosexuality, but they tended to settle into family life upon marriage, much as earlier generations had. Unlike their predecessors, however, these women could flirt and date in the world of cheap amusements, which catered to sensual pleasures and small pocketbooks. Meanwhile, the female solidarity of nineteenth- and twentieth-century women\'s reform movements, clubs, and colleges-the late Victorian new woman\'s realm of activity-declined in popularity (http://www.people.memphis.edu/kenichls/2602NewWoman1920s.html).”


Health and Longevity


Laws are passed requiring all pasteurized milk plants to acquire a license from the Department and to abide by minimum standards. In 1922, Morgan County, Illinois, established the first full-time county health department.


Summary


Through the years, as time went on, prices rose due to higher costs of manufacturing. Cars back in the 1920s cost on average, $2550, now, most cars cost around $20,000. You could buy a loaf of bread in 1924 for $0.10, but now a loaf costs about $1.89.


Conclusion


I would rather live in the 1970s-1980s because it was a time when fashion was awesome, prices were still fairly low, life expectancy was pretty high, and you could get along with just about eeverybody.