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Do you know about the founding of the thirteen colonies? Well today I am
going to tell you about when, how, who, why, and where the thirteen colonies
were established. So read on to find out some new things.
Roanoke was the last of Sir Walter Raliegh\'s attempt to establish a colony.
Although, the idea did come up again in 1606. In 1607 105 London
Company-sponsored settlers arrived in Jamestown from England. The first year was
horrible for the colonists, with only thirty-two colonists living through the
winter. After supplies and new settlers came, and they learned how to grow their
own crops, the colony slowly began to grow. Virginia was saved by tobacco.
England had to clumps of colonies In 1660, it is now the United States. In
between the English colonies the Dutch controlled, some lands. In 1624 some
Merchants had formed a company to trade with the Americas is being called the
Dutch West India company. Their post was along the Hudson River. It grew into
the colony New Netherland. New Amsterdam was the main settlement of the New
Netherland. In 1626 the Dutch West India Company bought Manhattan from the
manhates people. To increase the number of settlers the company sent over
families from the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and Finland, anyone who brought
at least fifty settlers got a big estate. New Netherland boasted a great harbor
and thriving river trade. The English wanted to have the valuable Dutch colony,
so in 1664 the English sent a fleet to attack New Amsterdam During that time
Peter Stuyvesant ruled the colony as governor. When the English ships came to
attack, the governor was not ready for war and surrendered the colony. King
Charles II gave the colony to his brother Duke of York. Who then renamed it to
In the early 1600s Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church were
called Puritans. Those who didn\'t want to reform the Anglican Church and wanted
to leave and found their own churches were Separatists. The Separatists were
persecuted in England and so some went to the Netherlands. Though they were safe
there, they still had trouble, they had a hard time finding work. So some
Separatists made an agreement with the Virginia Company, to settle there and in
return they would give them a bit of their profit they make. In September of
1620 one hundred and thirty-two passengers boarded the Mayflower. The passengers
had planed to settle in the Virginia colony. Since the winter was coming, the
first land they saw was Cape Cod, so the colonists agreed upon to drop an anchor
in the Cape Cod Bay. They went ashore at a place called Plymouth. William
Bradford was their leader, and he said "all things stared upon them with a
weather beaten face". The Plymouth was outdoor the area of Virginia Company
and its laws. To provide the new colony, the pilgrims made up a document called
the Mayflower Compact.
Maryland was just a fantasy for Sir George Calvert. He wanted to establish a
safe place for his fellow Catholics, who were being persecuted in England. He
wanted the colony to bring him fortune too. Calvert\'s Fantasy came true in 1632.
King Charles\' I gave him a colony north of Virginia. Sadly though, Sir George
Calvert died before his dream was granted. So his son Cecilius Calvert took
charge of the colony. Then it was named after Henrietta Maria, the English
Queen, they called it Maryland. The young Calvert never lived in Maryland
though, but he did send two of his brothers to run the colony. Since tobacco
saved Virginia, Maryland colonists went straight to tobacco farming. They also
planted crops to feed their families and workers. In 1728 Baltimore was founded.
Soon after that Baltimore became Maryland\'s biggest settlement.
Roger Williams, a minister, was banished from Massachusetts in 1635. He was
banished because he felt that people should be free to follow any religious
practice they wanted. William also believed that it was wrong for settlers to
take land away from the Native Americans. Roger Williams left Massachusetts in a
hurry, so they wouldn\'t send him back to England. William bought land on
Narragansett Bay, where he later providence. In 1644 he got a charter for a
colony East of Connecticut called Rhode Island. It soon became a secure place
for dissenters. Rhode Island was the first place in America where people of all
faiths could worship freely.
Other people followed Roger Williams, making colonies where they could
worship what they wanted freely. In 1638 John Wheelwright led a congregation
View Full Essay
Thirteen Colonies, English overseas possessions, New Netherland, Colony of Virginia, William Penn, Territorial evolution of the British Empire, Lenape, Delaware, British colonization of the Americas, Province of Maryland
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