The Watergate Scandal

The Watergate Scandal was a series of crimes committed by the President and his
staff, who were found to spied on and harassed political opponents, accepted
illegal campaign contributions, and covered up their own misdeeds. On June 17,
1972, The Washington Post published a small story. In this story the reporters
stated that five men had been arrested breaking into the headquarters of the
Democratic National Committee. The headquarters was located in a Washington,
D.C., building complex called Watergate. These burglars were carrying enough
equipment to wiretap telephones and take pictures of papers.

The Washington Post had two reporters who researched deep into the story. There
names were Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, they discovered that one of the
suspects had an address book with the name and phone number of a White House
official who could have been involved in the crime. The reporters suspected
that the break-in had been ordered by other White House officials.

In a press conference on August in 1972, President Nixon said that nobody on
the White House Staff was involved in the crime. Most of the public accepted
Nixon\'s word and dropped the questioning. But when the burglars went to trial
four months later, the story changed rapidly from a small story to a national
scandal. It ended only when Richard Nixon was forced from office.

Watergate was connected to Vietnam, it eventually exposed a long series of
illegal activities in the Nixon administration. Nixon and his staff were found
to have spied on and harassed political opponents, planned contributions to the
campaign, and tried to cover-up their illegal acts. These crimes that they did
were called the Watergate scandal, named after the building that it happened.

For years Nixon was carrying on the crimes and they were not noticed until now.
1969 was the really date in which Watergate was really beginning. It all
started when the White House staff made up a list called "enemies list". Nixon
had enemies which include 200 liberal politicians, journalists and actors. Most
of these people made a public speech against the Vietnam war. Nixon\'s aides
formed a conducts tax audits on these people that he thought were enemies. He
also had agents find out secret information that would harm them.

Nixon was always worried about govt. Employees revealing secret info. To the
news paper or any sort of press. The presidents agents helped him by
wiretapping phone lines that belonged to reporters in order to find any
revealing some material. Nixon was so worried that during the Cambodia bombing
he had to wiretap his own staff members.

On June in 1971, The New York Times formed work that was published about the
history of the Vietnam War, these were known as the Pentagon Papers. They got
the information from secret government papers. The papers blamed the policies
that were formed and caused the beginning of the war in Vietnam. Daniel
Ellsberg, a former employee , gave the documents to the paper. Nixon became
very angry by their publishes.

Nixon tied to make Ellsberg\'s actions a form of treason, but he was not content
to take him to court. Instead he made a secret group of CIA agents they were
called the "plumbers" this is a name made up because they cover up leaks, such
as the pentagon papers, that could hurt the White House. While they were
searching for info. They found Ellsberg\'s psychiatrist\'s office. They
discovered nothing wrong. The next time the plumbers are involved is the next
election.

Nixon was always worried about having enough votes for the election in 1972.
Nixon was concerned that Edmund Muskie of Maine would win because he was the
strongest Democratic candidate. Hoping to wipe out Edmund from the competition,
the plumbers began to play a bunch of so called "dirty tricks". They issued
make believe statements in Muskie\'s name and told the press false rumors about
him, so that they could publish it to the public. And most of all, they sent a
letter to the New Hampshire newspaper starting that Muskie was making mean
remarks about French Canadian ancestry. All of these aides forced Nixon to
begin getting above Muskie in the elections.

Overall, the Democratic nomination went to George McGovern, a liberal senator
from South Dakota. His supporters included many people who supported the civil
rights, anti-war, and environmental movements of the 1960s. McGovern had fought
to make the nomination process more open and democratic. Congress had also
passed the 26th amendment to the Constitution allowing eighteen-year-Olds to
vote. As a result, the 1972 Democratic Convention was the first to include
large numbers of