The United Nations

The United Nations was established on October 24, 1945 by 51 countries that were committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security. Today, nearly every nation in the world is a part of to the UN. The United Nations was set up do discuss, and solve issues that are creating problems all over the world. The United Nations helps solve international conflicts and create policies on matters affecting all of us. All of the members of the states at the UN have a voice. One main purpose of the UN is to solve conflicts by listening to these different countries opinions.

For a State to become a member, they have to accept the UN Charter. The UN Charter is an international treaty that involves basic principles of international relations. The UN Charter has four purposes. The first one is to maintain international peace and security. The second is to develop friendly relations among nations. The third is to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights, and the last is to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.

The UN Charter gives the Security Council the main responsibility for keeping international peace and security. The Council may get together at any time, whenever peace is threatened. Under the UN Charter, all Member States are required to enforce the Council\'s decisions. There are 15 Council members in the UN. Of the 15, five of them are permanent. These countries that are represented are China, France, Russia, England, and the United States. The other ten are elected by the General Assembly for two year terms. The job of the Member States are to discuss making changes in the Council membership and to work on reflecting today’s political and economic realities.

When the Council sees a threat on international peace, it looks for ways to settle the dispute peacefully. It may suggest principles for a settlements and it also looks to find negotiations. In the event of a war, the Council tries to secure an armistice. It may launch a peacekeeping mission to help the countries maintain the truce and to keep opposing forces apart. The Council can take measures to enforce its decisions. It can also impose economic sanctions or order arms restriction. The Council also makes recommendations to the General Assembly on the appointment of a new Secretary General and on the admission of new Members to the UN. In all there are 191 total countries involved. Most of the United Nations headquarters are based in New York City. One of the locations is at The Hague, in the Netherlands.

All UN Member States are represented in the General Assembly. The General Assembly is a parliament of nations which meets to consider the world\'s most pressing problems. The Assembly holds its annual regular session from September to December. When necessary, it may resume its session or hold a special or emergency session on subjects of particular concern. When the Assembly is not meeting, its work is carried out by its six main committees, other auxiliary committees and the UN Secretariat.

The United Nations is a very important piece of our freedom. If we did not have a world government such as the United Nations, there would be many world disputes, and things like this would lead to other wars. We have already seen many instances where there have been many wars because of the lack of a world government. One of these instances is what happened that lead to WWII. The League of Nations was not enforced well enough and was eventually disbanded. This is another reason why the League of Nations is so important to our society and our world.