This essay The Stonehenge has a total of 545 words and 3 pages.
The Stonehenge has been one big mystery to the world. No one knows how it got
there, who built it, or why it was built. All we can do is wonder.
The Stonehenge was built and reconstructed many times starting in about 3200
BC to about 1650 BC. The stones that were used to construct the monument weighed
anywhere from 25 to 50 tons apiece, in some cases the stones had to be dragged
to the plain from up to 20 miles away. It went through three major phases, the
first of which was when the ancient people created a bank of chalk and a ditch;
inside the bank there was 56 pits. The second phase was when 82 blocks of
bluestone, about 4 tons each, were brought to the site. Using the bluestone the
ancient people made a double circle in the bank and they formed an avenue
leading to the River Avon. The third phase was the ancient people removed the
bluestone and replaced it with sandstone, weighing 25 to 50 tons each.
Surrounding the Stonehenge are hundreds of round barrows, or burial mounds. It
is a truly an impressive site filled with magic and mystery.
There are many legends to go along with it. One legend states that Druids
built it for their rituals to worship the Goddess and other earth deities. But
there are many holes to this story. Especially considering the fact that the
Druids worshipped in forest temples. What would they do with the Stonehenge?
Another legend, which was recorded by Geoffrey of Monmouth, says that the
great wizard Merlin brought the stones to the Salisbury planes from Mount
Killaraus in Ireland. Why would he? It was at the request of King Aurelius
Ambrosius who wanted to create a fitting memorial to the slain men, which were
killed in a massacre. According to Geoffrey, the giants originally brought the
stones of the Giantís Ring from somewhere in Africa to Ireland. So, it is
apparent that the Britons were unsuccessful at their attempts to move the giant
stones. So Merlin took it upon himself to use his magick to move the stones.
When they reached the Salisbury Plains, the stones were put in the exact pattern
as they were in Ireland. Thus becomes, the Stonehenge.
In the 1960ís though, astronomer Gerald Hawkins used a computer to provide
concrete evidence that the Stonehenge was used as a device for observing the
heavens above. Hawkins believed that the ancient people were able to gather
information about the sun and the moon, with accuracy. He believed that
Stonehenge was used to predict the seasons by examining the position of the sun
and moon to the earth. Stonehenge\'s axis is pointed in the direction of the
sunrise at the summer and winter solstices, for this reason some scientists
believed that ancient people were able to predict eclipses of the sun and moon
by their position in relation to the monument. This was clearly no accident at
all. In fact, whether this was the monumentís true purpose, it points more
suspicion to having been used by the Druids.
Whatever the case, man will never know exactly what the Stonehenge was used
for. Only in our deepest imaginations will we be able to begin to imagine what
the purpose of this megalith was. Maybe we arenít supposed to know the real
reason it was built. All I know is that it is truly a work of art.
Topics Related to The Stonehenge
Stonehenge, Locations associated with Arthurian legend, Henges, Bluestone, Gerald Hawkins, Mount Killaraus, Druid, Theories about Stonehenge, Megalith, Aubrey holes
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