This essay The Second Amendment in the 21st Century has a total of 729 words and 4 pages.
The Second Amendment in the 21st Century
"A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed"
There are few issues today that incite Americans more than the interpretation of the Second Amendment. However, what does the Second Amendment really mean? In order to obtain a better understanding of the amendment one must, one must interpret the actual text of the clause, the historical reason for its creation, and its relevance today. From the examination of these three subtopics, it is clear that the Second Amendment should be interpreted in a strict-constructionist view (consistent with that of the Brady Campaign) and aim to control guns in America.
The wording and message of the Second Amendment has increasingly come under much scrutiny. In their fight against gun control, the NRA (National Rifle Association) is inclined to focus solely on the second half of the amendment: “… The right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed”. They deliberately omit the words “A well-regulated Militia”, rendering a skewed and biased view of the Second Amendment.
In attempts of affirming this warped view, the NRA argues on the correct definition of many of the words in the amendment, including well-regulated, Militia, Free State and people. The definition of a militia clearly states that this organization is a body of ordinary citizens enrolled for military service, to be available only when needed. However, in the eighteenth century, there were restrictions on those could serve in the militia, including gender, age, health, and race. Contradictory to what the NRA argues, the word militia does not refer to the entire population, and does not guarantee every American citizen the right to own a gun. When looking at the word “militia” one must also note that our founding fathers have included the adjective “well-regulated”. These words imply that the militia of the time was to have some type of structure or administrator. Such a requirement that the NRA does not suggest for people who own guns. Rather, they are opposed to any regulations whatsoever, claiming that any sort of gun control measures may infringe upon an individual’s Second Amendment rights. Also, the intended meaning of the term the people has caused much controversy. According to the NRA “the people” refers to every citizen. However, in this context, the people only have the right to bear arms to assure the security of a free state; therefore giving the right to bear arms to the state government not to individual citizens.
The history and original intent for the adoption of the Second Amendment further illustrates that its meaning is not to guarantee every citizen the right to bear arms. The purpose of the amendment in the 18th century was simply to balance the power of the federal government and the states. Americans of the time had an all too familiar picture of King George III in their mind. They worried that one tyrant was being replaced by another, and therefore feared having an army of trained soldiers run by the federal government. Consequently, the Second Amendment was established to make sure the federal government army could not overthrow the states. This does not concur with the NRA’s argument that every individual should have the right to bear arms.
In the 21st century the Second Amendment has become outdated and therefore incoherent. The initial reasons for the construction of the amendment have no relevance today. Simply, much has changed considerably between the 18th century and the 21st. In those days, rather than a standing armies were non existent. We no longer live in a society where it is necessary for ordinary citizens to carry around the latest military hardware.
As time goes on, the controversy of the Second Amendment increases. The basis of the NRA thesis is a distortion of the text and a misinterpretation of information. They thereby assert a broad-constructionist view of the Second Amendment, restricting any gun control regulations. It is evident that when the wording, historical background and how it applies today are taken into consideration, the Second Amendment has very little relevance in modern society. Therefore, the constitution in no way allows for
Topics Related to The Second Amendment in the 21st Century
Gun politics in the United States, James Madison, National Rifle Association, United States Constitution, Militia, Right to keep and bear arms in the United States
Essays Related to The Second Amendment in the 21st Century
Society's Problems and my role in helping itSociety\'s Problems and my role in helping it Is helping solve the problems of society everyone’s job, or no one’s job. What role would you hope to play, based on your interests and developing skills, in the solution of one or more specific problems? Society\'s Problems and my role in helping it As the problems in society arise, it is the duty of every individual to ease the burden by helping to solve these problems. Too often, individuals pass off that responsibility with the hope that others w
The Glass CielingThe Glass Cieling The glass ceiling has held women back from certain positions and opportunities in the workplace. Women are stereotyped as part-time, lower-grade workers with limited opportunities for training and advancement because of this glass ceiling . How have women managed their careers when confronted by this glass ceiling? It has been difficult; American women have struggled for their role in society since 1848. Women’s roles have changed significantly throughout the past centuries bec
FacismFacism Fascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first arose in the early part of the twentieth-century in Europe. It was a response to the rapid social upheaval, the devastation of World War I, and the Bolshevik Revolution. Fascism is a philosophy or a system of government the advocates or exercises a dictatorship of the extreme right, typically through the merging of state and business leadership, together with an ideology of aggressive nationalism. Celebrating the nation or the
Informative Speech For Gun OwnershipInformative Speech For Gun Ownership Certainly one of the chief guarantees of freedom under any government, no matter how popular and respected, is the right of the citizen to keep and bear arms. This is not to say that firearms should not be very carefully used and that definite rules of precaution should not be taught and enforced. But the right of the citizen to bear arms is just one more safeguard against a tyranny which now appears remote in America, but which historically has proved to be
Persuasive Speech For Gun OwnershipPersuasive Speech For Gun Ownership I want to encourage gun ownership. Introduction I. What is the foundation of modern technology? It\'s the history of the gun. Thesis Statement: I will persuade you in that, (1) federal gun control laws are unconstitutional, and (2) I will prove the 2nd Amendment is both a State and Individual Right. Body I.The foundation of our country is based in English Bill of Rights and the American Revolution. A. What is the difference between the Declaration of Independe
Some Cannot ForgetSome Cannot Forget The Vietnam War Purpose: To illustrate my view on the Vietnam War. Audience: Anyone with an interest in the Vietnam War. Some Can\'t Forget I awaken and bolt upright in bed, my heart racing and sweat beginning to bead on my forehead. My chest heaving with ragged breaths, I try to figure out what startled me out of sleep. Then I hear it: The terrified scream of my father piercing through the eerie silence. My heart skips a beat and I shuffle my feet under the covers, letting th
Votes For SaleVotes For Sale Votes For Sale According to the Associated Press, lobbyist donated 633 million dollars to government representatives in the first half of 1999. A lobbyist’s job is to pass money to representatives for a vote in their favor of a bill. Up to $5000 may be given to any one congressman by a lobbyist thru Political Action Committees (PACs). Farmers, laborers, gun control activists, abortion opponents, and teachers are just a few of the numerous groups who form these committees in the Un
Women's Roles in the RevolutionWomen\'s Roles in the Revolution I. Women\'s Roles in the Revolution A. Family Enterprises 1. Women took over 2. Succeeded Despite a. inflation b. British Occupancy c. absence of important supplies 3. gave women self-confidence 4. proved that women could make a living by themselves B. Army Camps 1. Women came to be with soldiers a. were fed by military b. were cared for by military 2. The women: a. cooked b. cleaned c. sewed d. served as nurses e. were not treated specially 1. marched with men 2
Gun ControlGun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
Is Government Dominated by BusinessIs Government Dominated by Business Special interest groups have dominated government since the advent of America\'s political system. Special interest groups or lobbies are collections of individuals who join together to pursue common interests and to influence the decisions on public policies. Many people view special interest groups as an integral part of the political process, legitimized by the first amendment of the Constitution. In that way, special interest groups are good. The point tha
The Brady BillThe Brady Bill Introduction The legislative process in the UnitedStates Congress shows us an interesting drama in which a bill becomes a law through compromises made by diverse and sometimes conflicting interests in this country. There have been many controversial bills passed by Congress, but among all, I have taken a particular interest in the passage of the Brady bill. When the Brady debate was in full swing in Congress about three years ago, I was still back in my country, Japan, where the
The Second AmendmentThe Second Amendment Few issues incite americans more than the issue of rising crime and violence. This problem can easily be linked to the availability of guns.The debate over whether guns are a hallowed tradition and a right guaranteed by the Second Ammendment of the U.S.constitution or whether they are a fearful danger contributing to crime and violence. (gun control) Due to the outbreak of violence in our society, some people feel that repealing the Second Ammendment would solve the prob
COLD WARCOLD WAR Less than a year after the end of World War II, the great wartime leader of Britain, Winston Churchill gave a speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri. After receiving an honorary degree and being introduced by President Harry Truman, he delivered a historic speech. Churchill said, “ It is my duty to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an Iron Curtain has descended across the Continent. Behi
D-DayD-Day pg. 1 In 1942 General Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, had warned Germany to, “Beware the fury of an aroused democracy.” On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies mounted the largest amphibious assault in history and redeemed Eisenhower’s warning. The invasion force consisted of more than 5,000 ships, 1,200 warships and 13,000 airplanes. Some 90,000 U.S., British, Canadian, and free French troops landed on the beaches of Normandy while about 20,000 more came by parachute or glider. The Invas
FacismFacism Facism Fascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first arose in the early part of the twentieth-century in Europe. It was a response to the rapid social upheaval, the devastation of World War I, and the Bolshevik Revolution. Fascism is a philosophy or a system of government the advocates or exercises a dictatorship of the extreme right, typically through the merging of state and business leadership, together with an ideology of aggressive nationalism. Celebrating the nation
Gold Rush PaperGold Rush Paper One moment the California creek beds glimmered with gold; the next, the same creeks ran red with the blood of men and women defending their claims or ceding their bags of gold dust to bandits. The West was a ruthless territory during the nineteenth century. With more than enough gold dust to go around early in the Gold Rush, crime was rare, but as the stakes rose and the easily panned gold dwindled, robbery and murder became a part of life on the frontier. The West consisted of o
The Assassination Of John F. KennedyThe Assassination Of John F. Kennedy In January of 1960, a young man by the name of John F. Kennedy was sworn in to uphold the office of President of the UnitedStates of America. He was assassinated on November 22, 1963, when he was only 46 years old. There is lots of speculation about the way he died. Here are just a few questions concerning his death. Who or how many people were involved in President John F. Kennedy’s assassination? This is a question that has baffled many people for 33 years
The Effects Of The P-51 Mustang In World War IIThe Effects Of The P-51 Mustang In World War II This paper deals with the contributions of the P-51 Mustang to the eventual victory of the Allies in Europe during World War II. It describes the war scene in Europe before the P-51 was introduced, traces the development of the fighter, its advantages, and the abilities it was able to contribute to the Allies\' arsenal. It concludes with the effect that the P-51 had on German air superiority, and how it led the destruction of the Luftwaffe. The the
Women in the RevolutionWomen in the Revolution I. Women’s Roles in the Revolution A. Family Enterprises 1. Women took over 2. Succeeded Despite a. inflation b. British Occupancy c. absence of important supplies 3. gave women self-confidence 4. proved that women could make a living by themselves B. Army Camps 1. Women came to be with soldiers a. were fed by military b. were cared for by military 2. The women: a. cooked b. cleaned c. sewed d. served as nurses e. were not treated specially 1. marched with men 2. slept in
Society's Problems and My Role In Helping ItSociety\'s Problems and My Role In Helping It Is helping solve the problems of society everyone\'s job, or no one\'s job. What role would you hope to play, based on your interests and developing skills, in the solution of one or more specific problems? As the problems in society arise, it is the duty of every individual to ease the burden by helping to solve these problems. Too often, individuals pass off that responsibility with the hope that others will pick up the slack. The problem is that t
Gun Control: OverviewGun Control: Overview The issue of gun control has been debated for a long time, probably ever since they were invented. The gun is a small, rather easy to obtain, weapon that is lethal if used in the right (or wrong) way. This makes the gun an extremely dangerous factor in our lives. If used improperly, a gun could be lethal to not only the target, but the user as well. The availability of guns has sky rocketed in the past decade or so, and the immense population of guns in our society make it
Report on World War IReport on World War I Table of contentsPage 0: introduction Page 1: years leading up to the war:1850-1914Page 2:causes of warPage 3:war breaks outPage 3:Land warfare, war plansPage 4:land warfare,1914Page 8:Land warfare,1915Page 10:land warfare,1916Page 12:land warfare,1917Page 15:land warfare,1918Page 21:naval warfare, war plansPage 22: naval warfare, generalPage 23:air warfare, generalPage 23:endingPage 24:references Chapter 1: introduction August 2nd, 1914: Europe was darkened by the horrible
PRO-GAY MARRIAGE IN AMERICAPRO-GAY MARRIAGE IN AMERICA America is the land of liberty where everyone has freedom of choice of lifestyle, religion etc. America has always believed in equality with a few exceptions from history which were resolved. Segregation is one of those exceptions. African-Americans until 1965 were passionately hated by whites. Even after the legislation was passed saying that all men are equal, America still struggled to adapt to this change. Today America would not do such a thing as discriminating
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that havDiscuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
John Lennon’s AssassinationJohn Lennon’s Assassination Appendix 1 When I first started my research I decided to use an Internet source because it seemed like it would be very simple to find information on the Internet. After searching fro hours and not finding much information on the Internet I decided to go look at my packet at some websites that could help me, I went to www.google.com, and searched from there. I found some periodicals on a website and continued to search on different sites. I found some information abou
Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler 1 In any accounting of the millennium\'s monsters, first place must go to the ruler who made genocide a multinational industry-Adolf Hitler. The scale of enterprise boggles the mind: freight trains carrying Jews to human stockyards from across Nazi-occupied Europe; victims worked to death, shot, or gassed; corpses incinerated or processed into soap; gold teeth harvested for the coffers of the Reich (Time 123). How and why Adolf Hitler became the man that changed the meaning of sla
The Guns of DallasThe Guns of Dallas by L. Fletcher Prouty Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1992 15:59:39 GMT The reason for the assassination was to control the power of the presidency. -------------------------------------- The following appeared in the October, 1975 issue of Gallery, a porno magazine which billed Fletcher Prouty as the National Affairs Editor. Some people feel there is no credible way to justify associating oneself with such exploitative and demeaning media. Fletcher Prouty has told me that since the Bal
Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt was more than just the 26th president of the UnitedStates. He was a writer, historian, explorer, big-game hunter, soldier, conservationist, ranchman and Nobel Peace Prize winner. It is not surprising that his philosophy of life was known as The Strenuous Life. Theodore was born into a wealthy and socially prominent New York family in 1858. Although blessed with a quick mind he was not blessed with a strong body. He suffered from life-threatening asthma atta
The BalkansThe Balkans The conflict in the Balkans is interesting because for years, reporters and politicians have touted it as being the result of ancient ethnic hatred but that isn’t the case. This class has taught me, if nothing else, that the people of this region lived together peacefully for centuries and any conflicts that have arose among people were based not on ethnic origin but other things like class, ruling party, and so on. In fact, any problems that have arose in the former Yugoslavia have
The effects of the P-51 Mustang in World War IIThe effects of the P-51 Mustang in World War II P-51 Mustang w/ WWII The Effect of the North American P-51 Mustang On the Air War in Europe by David Buckingham [email protected] IBH 20th Century History Mr. Peloquin George Mason High School Falls Church, Virginia March 27, 1995 [Unfortunately, we don\'t have a digitized image of this photo.] [Photo caption] Harry R. Ankeny, Jr., the author\'s grandfather, with his P-51, Betsy, (named for the author\'s grandmother) at the end of his combat tour
Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) Founder and leader of the Nazi Party, Reich Chancellor and guiding spirit of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, Head of State and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on 20 April 1889. The son of a fifty-two-year-old Austrian customs official, Alois Schickelgruber Hitler, and his third wife, a young peasant girl, Klara Poelzl, both from the backwoods of lower Austria, the young Hitler was a resentful, disc
The Civil WarThe Civil War The 1800\'s were a tumultuous time for the UnitedStates of America. At that time the south was typically slave and the northerners were traditionally for freedom. The slave states of the south and the abolitionist in the north were quarreling and the government recognizing that made efforts to stop or delay the civil war. In 1819 Missouri wanted to enter the Union a slave state. At this time the 22 states of the Union were divided evenly 11 slave and 11 free. Northern states were
The American PresidencyThe American Presidency Throughout time there has been a transition of power from one individual to another. This has been a time honored tradition that takes place every four years. This remarkable tradition is formally known as the UnitedStates Presidency. Every four years there is an election to guarantee that the most fit person is selected to run our country. There is usually two to four runners for this grand position but only one is deemed the winner and the American President. So far in
Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln Everyone who knew Abraham Lincoln loved him as a friend. All the children around his home in Springfield, Ill., and around the White House in Washington felt that “Mr. Lincoln” understood them and truly liked them. Men and women who knew him admired him and called him “honest Abe.”(Lee, 47) People throughout the world said he was one of the greatest men of all time. He was an unusual man in many ways. One minute he would wrestle with his sons or tell a joke and slap his bony knee