The Republic Of Colombia

The Republic of Colombia is the fourth largest country in South
America. It is located
at the north-western tip of the continent. Its neighbors are Brazil and
Venezuela to the east,
Panama to the north-west, and Ecuador and Peru to the south. Colombia
is the only South
American country that\'s coast is on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean
Sea. There are eight
islands under Colombian rule, and they are San Andres, Providencia, San
Bernado, Islas del
Rosario, Isla Fuerte, Gorgona, Gorgonilla, and Malpelo.
Colombia\'s terrain is about 45% mountainous. The major mountain chain
is the
Andes, which is the longest and second highest mountain chain in the
world. The are three
mountain ranges in Colombia that form the Andes. These are known as
Cordilleras, which
means range. The Cordillera Occidental is 680 miles long and is about
6,500 ft. high. This
range is on the western area that stretches from the equator to the
Caribbean Sea. The
Cordillera Oriental is the longest range, at 750 miles long, and 8,530
ft. high and it cuts from
northern Colombia to southern Colombia. The Cordillera Central is
located in the center of
the country and is 689 miles long and 10,827 ft. high making it the
highest cordillera. The
highest mountain point in Colombia is the Sierra Nevada at 19,055 ft.
high. There are lots of
volcanoes in Colombia. The Cumbal is 17,500 ft. high, the Chiles is
16,900 ft. high, the
Purace is 17,060 ft. high, and the Pan de Azucar is 16,840 ft. high.
The eastern region of Colombia is a grassy lowland. 1/6 of Colombia is
uninhabited glacier
land, and 1/5 is high plateau.
Colombia has many rivers. The most important river is the Magdalena
which is 965
miles long and flows north to the Caribbean Sea. Others are the Meta,
the Amazon, the
Guaviare, and the Putamayo. There aren\'t many lakes in Colombia. The
largest lake in
Colombia is Lake Cocha and is not very important.
If it wasn\'t for the Andes mountain location, Colombia would have an
extremely high
climate since it is near the equator. However, Colombia\'s climate is
strictly related to the
altitude of the land and varies greatly from section to section. The
hot region of Colombia has
an average temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and are from sea level
to three thousand
feet. This area is along the Pacific coast and in the eastern jungle
region. Regions from three
to six thousand feet above sea level have an average temperature of 65.5
degrees Fahrenheit.
This area is in the northern section of the Andes and are mostly
agricultural. Regions from six
to nine thousand feet above sea level have an average temperature of
53.6 degrees
Fahrenheit, and are considered cold. Most Colombians live in this
region. Areas that are
above nine thousand feet above sea level are the severely cold regions
and are and have an
average temperature of below 53 degrees Fahrenheit.
The winter months in Colombia are May, June, July, August, September,
and November. This is the rainy part of the year. Summer months are
December, January,
February, March, and April. This is the dry part of the year. Spring
and Fall do not exist.
The rainiest part of Colombia is the Choco area on the Pacific coast.
It rains on afternoons
and evenings every day of the rainy season. It averages 400 inches of
rainfall per year. The
driest spot is the Guijara Peninsula. It is located in the northern tip
of Colombia, on the
Caribbean Sea. It averages 10 inches of rain yearly.
Because of Colombia\'s assorted climate it can grow a wide range of
crops. Only five
percent of Colombia\'s land is used for farming, although there is much
more room to be used
for farming. Coffee is the chief agricultural product, and Colombia is
the world\'s second
largest producer, after Brazil, because coffee beans grow best at an
elevation between 4,300
and 6,600 feet. Sugarcane is grown in the hot temperate areas of the
country. bananas are
also grown in the warm areas. Maize is grown under most climatic
conditions, except at the
highest elevation. This crop is important to the poor people of the
country. Rice is grown in
the hot and humid regions. A major problem that Colombia faces is the
cultivation of illegal
drugs. The marijuana plants are grown in the Guajira Peninsula, because
of the hot climate,
and the soil is perfect from growing it.
Also, the fact that the peninsula is on the Caribbean coast, makes it
easy to export it on ship.
Colombia supplies half of the marijuana purchased in the Unites States.
Most people think
that cocaine is grown in Colombia, because most of the cartels that
distribute it are from
Colombia, but it is not. It is grown