The Nomination ofAndrew Jackson to the "Presidents Hall of Fame"


Like any hall of fame, its inductees are the best in whatever they do,
from baseball or football to something like being President. If you are a
member of any hall of fame (including the one for the Presidents), it means that
you have done something special or have a certain quality about yourself that
makes you worthy to be in a hall of fame. My nominee for the Presidents hall of
Fame is our seventh President of the United States, Andrew Jackson. I\'ll go
over his presidency, focusing on both the highs and the lows of his two terms in
office, from 1829-1837. The issues that I\'ll focus on are states\' rights,
nullification, the tariff, the spoils system, Indian removal and banking
policies; these controversies brought forth strong rivalry over his years of
president. He was known for his iron will and fiery personality, and strong use
of the powers of his office that made his years of presidency to be known as the
"Age of Jackson."
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in a settlement on the border
of North and South Carolina. He was orphaned at age 14. After studying law and
becoming a member of the Bar in North Carolina later he moved to Nashville
Tennessee. Their he became a member of a powerful political faction led by
William Blount. He was married in 1791 to Rachel Donelson Robards, and later
remarried to him due to a legal mistake in her prior divorce in 1794.
Jackson served as delegate to Tenn. in the 1796 Constitutional
convention and a congressman for a year (from 1796-97). He was elected senator
in 1797, but financial problems forced him to resign and return to Tennessee in
less than a year. Later he served as a Tennessee superior court judge for six
years starting in 1798. In 1804 he retired from the bench and moved to
Nashville and devoted time to business ventures and his plantation. At this
time his political career looked over.
In 1814 Jackson was a Major General in the Tennessee Militia, here he
was ordered to march against the Creek Indians (who were pro-British in the war
of 1812). His goal was achieved at Horseshoe Bend in March of 1814. Eventually
he forced All Indians from the area. His victory\'s impressed some people in
Washington and Jackson was put in command of the defense of New Orleans. This
show of American strength made Americans feel proud after a war filled with
military defeats. Jackson was given the nickname "Old Hickory", and was treated
as a national hero.
In 1817 he was ordered against the Seminole Indians. He pushed them
back into Spanish Florida and executed two British subjects. Jackson instead
that his actions were with approval of the Monroe administration. His actions
helped to acquire the Florida territory, and he became a provisional governor of
Florida that same year.
In 1822 the Tennessee Legislature nominated him for president and the
following year he was elected the U.S. senate. He also nearly won the
presidential campaign of 1824 however as a result of the "corrupt bargain" with
Henry Clay. Over the next four years the current administration built a strong
political machine with nationalistic policies and a lack of concern of states
rights. In 1828 through a campaign filled with mud slinging on both sides,
Andrew Jackson became the seventh President to the United States.
Instead of the normal cabinet made up by the president, he relied more
on an informal group of newspaper writers and northern politicians who had
worked for his election. I believe that this made him more in contact with the
people of the United States, more in contact with the public opinion and
feelings toward national issues
President Jackson developed the system of "rotation in office." This
was used to protect the American people from a development of a long-standing
political group by removing long-term office holders. His enemies accused him
of corruption of civil service for political reasons. However, I think that it
was used to insure loyalty of the people in his administration.
States rights played an important part in Jackson\'s policy\'s as
president. In the case of the Cherokee Indians vs. The State of Georgia, two
Supreme Court decisions in 1831 and 1832 upholding the rights of the Cherokee
nation over the State of Georgia who had wanted to destroy Cherokee jurisdiction
on it\'s land because gold had been found on it, and the state seeing the Indians
as tenants on state land decided to "kick them out". Chief Justice John
Marshall ruled that