The New Age Movement


Although the New Age movement is not technically a religion , eight to nine
percent of people that do not believe in organized religion find the New Age as
their replacement. The New Age movement is very difficult to describe
although not impossible. It is a complex sociological phenomenon that can be
perceived in many ways. Basically, what another person sees, the other may not.
The New Age movement is best understood as a network of networks. A network is
an informal, loosely knit organization which is very different in both structure
and operation than other types of organizations. Networks are spontaneously
created by people to address problems and offer possibilities primarily outside
of established institutions. Networks tend to be decentralized, often having no
single leader of headquarters and with power and responsibility widely
distributed. Networks also see through many perspectives. The New Age movement
is an extremely large and structured network of organization and individuals
that are bound together by common values. These values are based on mysticism
and monism which is the world view that "all is one".
The New Age movement is not a cult by any accepted sociological
definition. Although there are several cults which could be classified within,
such as the Transcendental Meditation and the followers of deported Indian guru
Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh. Cult membership is by far the exception and not the
rule for New Agers. New Agers tend to be eclectic which means that they draw
what they think is the best from various sources. Exclusive devotion to a
single teacher, teaching or techniques is not long term. They move from one
approach to "wholeness" to another in their spiritual quest.(Miller. 1989. P.18)
New Agers consider spirituality much more a matter of experience than
belief. Some New Agers do not believe that their beliefs are universal.
Beliefs are often portrayed as direct impediments to enlightenment. As I stated
before, all New Agers believe that "all is one". A second assumption is that
this Ultimate reality is neither dead matter nor unconscious energy. In other
words, it is Being and Awareness. New Agers believe that man is separated by
God only in his own conscious and awareness. Therefore he is the victim of a
false sense of separate identity which makes him unable to see his essential
unity with God. This is supposed to be the cause of all his problems. New
Agers believe that a man can be saved and made whole by spiritual technology.
New Agers believe that specific techniques for changing the consciousness can
enable the seeker to consciously experience his supposed oneness with God. The
techniques can be meditation, chanting and dancing. Salvation for the New Ager
is linked with experimental knowledge. In addition to the beliefs just stated,
most New Agers adhere to the ancient Hindu doctrines of reincarnation and Karma.
By the definition of Karma, it is understood that whatever a person does,
whether it is good or bad, it will return to him in the exact proportion of good
or bad. It should be made known that New Agers go on to spiritualize the
universe by making consciousness its essence, rather than matter. (Miller. 1989,
p.22)
Until the later 1980\'s the majority of Americans were unfamiliar with
the New Age movement. There is no doubt that they had encountered certain
elements of the New Age, such as Yoga, reincarnation, and astrology. It was not
until late 1986 and throughout 1987 that the New Age movement finally caught the
media\'s attention. A large and varied assortment of believers including
celebrities were just the type of publicity that the New Age movement needed to
catch the media\'s attention. And so, one article after another began to appear.
However, the media\'s focus remained entirely on the movements more sensational
side, treating it like a fad or fashion. But, the New Age movement has yet to
be discovered by the media due to the fact that this movement is a serious
cultural development. (Chandler. 1988. P.26)
Even though the New Age movement is a minority within our society, it is
an active minority. It currently has very little political power, but an
expanding social influence. It views its ideas and programs as the new wave of
the future and believes that it only needs the support of a few people to
overturn traditional religion. Misunderstanding the New Agers is not rare,
Christians have viewed them as people who are anti Christ, therefore, most
Christians have regarded them with fear and hate. But, further in my reading,
it was stated that New Agers are intelligent, humanitarian and generally sincere
group of