The Need for Congress in the U.S


There is a definite need for Congress in the United States. It serves
many roles such as making laws, implementing national policy and watching over
the other two branches of government. These are just a few of the duties of our
U.S. Congress. Although they are essential to our government, there are
potential problems. People are not always satisfied with the length of time
involved in passing a law as well as the deadlock Congress can experience on an
issue. Another potential problem people see with Congress is representation.
Not all Americans feel that they are equally represented. The Congress of the
United States is viewed by many as the largest branch in government. Some
people might even say it is the most important. This is due to the roles
Congress pays in our government. Congress is responsible for the lawmaking in
our country as well as implementing national policy. The power to make laws was
given to Congress by our forefathers when they constructed our constitution.
Passing laws is very important to our country because without them we would be
living in chaos. Of course, all our laws are not perfect but for the most part
our Congress does a good job at keeping this country under control. The
problems with lawmaking that most people see is the time involved in getting a
law passed. In order for a bill to become a law it must first be "introduced to
the House or Senate, or both, then referred to a committee." (Cummings / Wise
479). This can be a very time consuming process. Anyone interested in having a
law passed must realize the process involved and be patient. In addition to
lawmaking Congress is also involved in passing amendments. Our nation has been
able to grow and strengthen due to the amendment process. In order for our
government to keep up with the changing times it is crucial that we make
adjustments to the constitution. The downfall is that the amendments passed
have not always kept up with changing times. Arguments against Congress would
be that they taken to long in enforcing the amendments.
The U.S. Congress must also implement national policy. The Congress
must regulate commerce in order to create a prosperous economy. It is up to
Congress to monitor the growth of the economy and be ready to act if necessary.
Congress has the power to implement monetary policy in which they decrease taxes
to induce spending during a slow economic period. They can also increase taxes
if there is a threat of inflation. The problems with the role of Congress in
the economy is again the time factor. It takes time to get the policy going so
Congress must be able to detect future economic problems in order for it to be
effective. Congress makes up one of three branches of government. The three
branches, executive, legislative, and judicial were designed in a way to prevent
any one branch from having absolute power over our nation. Each branch was
given the job to check and balance the other two branches. Congress has the job
of watching over the president. If Congress detects any corruption by the
president, it can bring about changes to impeach the president. Also, if the
president becomes incapacitated it is up to Congress to determine him as unfit
to continue his duties. Another way Congress checks the president is that it
must approve any treaties to ensure that the president does not have too much
power when it comes to foreign affairs. "The Senate must ratify all treaties by
a two-thirds vote." (Compton\'s Encyclopedia, Online). People will argue that
Congress gives the president too much power in the area of foreign affairs.
"Bush embarked on major war against Iraq in 1991, without a declaration of war
by Congress." (Cummings / Wise 448). Although these checks and balances are
necessary they can also cause conflicts between branches. There is always a
possibility that the majority in Congress can be of a different party than that
of the president. "The disadvantage of the American system is the deadlock that
can develop between the president and the Congress over policy when each is in
control of a different party." (Compton\'s Encyclopedia, Online) There is a
definite need for Congress in the United States. It serves many roles such as
making laws, implementing national policy and watching over the other two
branches of government. These are just a few of the duties of our U.S. Congress.
Although they are essential to our government, there are potential