The legend of the Trojan War- Helen and Paris, 10 year siege

Helen went with Paris to Troy while was already married. Through legend, Paris had been asked to choose from a number of things offered to him by a number of goddesses. He had chosen Helen to be his bride and with the intervention of the gods Helen had fallen in love with Paris and they escaped together to the city of Troy where Paris had originally come from. Agamemnon (a leader of the Greeks) told the Tojans to return Helen to her husband, Menelaus. Agamemnon had a number of army men, some of which included Achilles.

The Trojans refused to return Helen to her people so as a result the Greeks held the city of Troy under siege for 10 years. They tried to starve the people of Troy but through legend it was told that neighbouring cities help feed the people of Troy. This allowed the people withing the city to live for 10 years.

The first 9 years were uneventful and it looked as if the greeks were going to lose this battle and go home to Greece without their beloved Helen. The final capture of the city of Troy was caused by treachery. The Greeks hid in a massive horse and when inside the city burned and destroyed it. The people of Troy believed that this was a peace offering from the people of Greece and so it was allowed within the city walls. In fact it had been filled with 100 of the Greeks strongest fighting men and because of the enormity of the horse structure it was said that part of a wall had to be removed for the horse to fit within the city. Legend says that there was woman who was given the gift of prophecy but through a crime that she had committed she had also been cursed with whatever she did prophecy, although true, could not be believed by the people she had told. The woman had tried to tell the people not to let the horse within the city because it would bring about the down fall of the city of Troy, no one headed her words and so the horse was allowed within the city. In the middle of the night while everyone in Troy was sleeping the 100 men leaped out of the horse, slaughtered the people and burned the city to the ground. The Greek ships that were heading off were signalled and were brought back to rescue the army men.

Homer- The Iliad and The Odyssey

The Iliad was a book written by Homer around 700 BC about events that occurred in the mid 1200’s BC. The Odyssey was also written by Homer around 700 BC.

In The Iliad Homer describes the Trojan battle and is the oldest surviving Greek poem in history. It describes certain events that happened in the tenth year of the Trojan War. For nearly 3000 years readers have found the Iliad a moving expression of the heroism, idealism and tragedy of war. It also describes the romance between Paris and Helen that had started the Trojan War.

The Odyssey has become a model for many adventure stories it tells of the journey home from the Trojan War. There are 24 books, or sections to The Odyssey and the story extends over 10 years. And tells of the story of the men coming back from their fight against Troy.

Heinrich Schliemann

Heinrich Schliemann was a German archaeologist who founded the study of ancient Greece and neighbouring cultures in and around the Aegean Sea. He and his wife founded the ancient city of Troy, which is now modern day Turkey, with his wife Sophie Engastromenos Schliemann. Heinrich schlimann was born in Neubukow, near Wismar, in east Germany on January 6, 1822 and died December 26, 1890. He had earned a fortune as a business man in Russia during the Crimean War but when he reached the age of 41 he quit his business to travel widely. After studying archaeology in Paris for some years he moved to Greece where he spent the rest of his life studying ancient cultures.

Schliemann started excavating at the site where he believed that Troy had been in 1870. Through centuries of civilisation 9 cities had been built