The Early Nineteenth Centory


The early nineteenth century was an era of tremendous growth and change
for the new nation. This is a thesis statement that will be proven true in my
essay. And why don\'t I begin with one of our greatest presidents, Thomas
Jefferson.


On March fourth, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was elected President of the
United States of America. Thomas Jefferson was a Republican. Republicans
strongly supported farmers, and they wanted an agrarian nation. An agrarian
nation means some changes had to be made in the country. The country needed
strong trade with other countries, and they also needed more land to farm on.
This led to the Louisiana Purchase.

The French owned a huge amount of land west of the United States.
Inside all of this land was the mouth of the Mississippi River, New Orleans.
Because the Republicans wanted a farming nation, America needed a port like New
Orleans. Jefferson didn\'t think that Napoleon would sell all of this land, but
he asked him anyway if he was willing to sell. To his surprise Napoleon did
want to sell this land because he needed more money for his fight with Great
Britain. So Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory, and doubled the nation\'s
size. This purchase was a mastermind move by Jefferson that let the farming
nation trade using the whole Mississippi.

Another achievement of Thomas Jefferson was the exploration of the
Louisiana Territory. He hired Lewis and Clark to explore the uncharted
territory. He told them to search the land for a river passage to the Pacific
Ocean. Jefferson also told them to keep diaries and make maps. This was
Clark\'s task. In May, 1804, forty-four men set out on the expedition. The
travelers tried to be friendly with the Indians on their way. When they reached
North Dakota they hired the French trapper Toussaint Charbonneau, and his wife
Sacajawea to be guides and interpreters. With them they traveled all the way to
the Pacific Coast and back. Even though many people were disappointed upon
their return that they had not found an all water route, Lewis and Clark were
the first to map most of this land we call America. They also aroused an
interest in the people to move westward in the growing nation.

Let\'s go back a little bit to when Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory
to the United States. He needed money to fight in the war he was having with
Great Britain. Since the United States had a small military, it did not want to
be involved in the French-British War. America tried to stay neutral while
trading with Europe, but France and Great Britain kept on violating their
neutrality rights. The United States kept on trying to trade, but both sides
put blockades on each others ports. This meant that the other countries took
their ships. The British, however, not only took their ships, but they also
impressed American sailors.

During all of this mayhem President Madison came to power. Because of
Britain\'s violations of America\'s sailors, he asked congress to declare war
against Britain. Congress voted yes to the war. Afterwards, it was named the
War of 1812. After two years of fighting, General Andrew Jackson came out
victorious. A treaty was signed in Belgium, and the growing nation finally
earned a little respect. They did this by changing the attitude of the
Europeans towards them.

Following the War of 1812, Andrew Jackson ran for president in 1828 and
won. Jackson is said to be the first western president. President Jackson was
odd in a the way he sided with states on some things and on other things he did
not. He wanted to remove the Indians, get rid of the National Bank, and in 1828
he let a tariff pass that taxed imports. This angered Vice President Callhoon,
and other people from South Carolina who said it was unfair. The consequence
was that South Carolina nullified the tariff, Callhoon resigned, and South
Carolina threatened to form their own government. Even though the Civil War
wasn\'t until many years later, this was a sign of internal conflict that could
threaten the growth of the country.


Part of the reason that there was this internal conflict was that our
nation was growing very rapidly, and each area of the country had huge
differences. For example I will take political parties. The Republicans were
farmers. They wanted a farming nation much like the South was. The Federalists
were much different being from New England. They supported industry and
manufacturing goods. An example of party differences is that of the Whisky
Rebellion. In this the Federalists who