The Cold War





04/04/04


Period 3


From the conclusion of World War II, the world was being plagued with the threat of the spread of communism, primarily at the hands of Joseph Stalin and the USSR. The United States was going through what was called the Red Scare which was a mass hysteria that communists were among us. The fear of communism combined with the ever so dangerous threat of nuclear warfare led to immense focus on stopping communism, or at least "containing" it. Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower both had different methods for which the prevention of nuclear warfare and communism were to come about, however both were key to stopping both threats.


The predicament of the Cold war fell right into the lap of Harry Truman little while after the end of World War II had just ended. Truman main objective from the outset was to contain communism and prevent further expansion of it On March 12,1947, Harry Truman issued what is called the Truman Doctrine. The Truman Doctrine guaranteed help from the United States to free nations resisting communist propaganda or subvert. The Truman Doctrine also gave Greece and Turkey financial aid to help rebuild. Harry Truman was very active in helping to stop the communist threat but he did not want to engage in combat. He felt that there wasn\'t much need to go to war again if they can help by buying there way to stop the spread of communism. Truman was uninterested in waging nuclear war and rather felt it better to build up nations surrounding communist Russia to prevent the spread of communism.


Dwight Eisenhower played a huge role in helping stop communism as well. While Truman decided to help countries financially, Eisenhower\'s idea was a quite different. In March of 1957 the Eisenhower Doctrine was passed and it said that the president could use armed forces to support any nation in the Middle East requesting help against any armed assault from any country controlled by communism. Eisenhower was not afraid to use military force unlike Truman. Although nuclear warfare was never waged, the mere threat of it contributed to Russia\'s hesitance to use nuclear weapons. Eisenhower was a great contributor in stopping communism.


The threat of communism plagued united states politics from the early 1940\'s through many more generations afterward. The prevention of nuclear warfare can be attributed in great part to the contributions of Dwight Eisenhower and Harry Truman. America, for the most part, was terrified with the threat of nuclear warfare and communism, both of which were truncated by the efforts of these two individuals through a multitude of actions.