This essay The Canadian Justice System vs Aboriginal People has a total of 582 words and 4 pages.
The Canadian Justice System vs Aboriginal People
The Canadian Justice System v.s. Aboriginal People
Topic: Be it resolved that the Canadian justice system be significantly changed.
The Canadian justice system has failed the Canadian people. It has failed the aboriginal people of this nation on a massive scale. The flawed justice system has been insensitive and inaccessible, and has arrested and imprisoned aboriginal people in grossly disproportionate numbers. Aboriginal people who are arrested are more likely to be denied bail, spend less time with their lawyers, and if convicted, are more likely to be incarcerated.
It is not merely that the justice system has failed aboriginal people; justice has also been denied to them. For more than a century the rights of aboriginal people have been ignored and eroded. The result of this denial has been injustice of the most profound kind. Poverty and powerlessness have been the Canadian legacy to a people who once governed their own affairs in self-sufficiency.
A significant part of the problem is the inherent biases of those with decision-making authority in the justice system. However one understands discrimination, it is clear that aboriginal people have been subject to it. They clearly have been victims of the openly hostile bigot and they have also been victims of discrimination that is unintended, but is rooted in police and law.
Two specific incidents in late 1987 and early 1988 clearly illustrate this unacceptable discrimination. The first of these was the November 1987 trial of two men for the 1971 murder of Helen Betty Osborne in The Pas Manitoba. While the trial established that four men were present when the young aboriginal woman was killed, only one of them was ultimately convicted of any crime. Following the trial, allegations were made that the identity of the four individuals who has been present at the killing was widely known in the local community.
On March 9, 1988, J.J. Harper, Executive Director of the Island Lake Tribal Council, died following an encounter with a City of Winnipeg police officer. The following day the police department exonerated the officer involved. Others, particularly those in the province’s aboriginal community, believed that there were many questions which had been left unanswered by the police department’s internal investigation.
These two specific incidents are seen by many as troubling examples of the manner in which the Canadian justice system is failing aboriginal people. While the aboriginal people comprise 11.8 percent of Manitoba’s population, they represent 50 percent of the province’s prison population.
Canada’s treatment of its first citizens has been an international disgrace. Unless we take every needed step to redress this problem, this lingering injustice will continue to bring tragedy and suffering to aboriginal people, and to blacken our country’s name throughout the world.
Supporters of the Canadian justice system might argue that Canada has the best legal system in the world. How do they explain away the injustices in the aboriginal communities? Is justice not intended for everyone? Section 15.(1) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms clearly states: “Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination...”. Unless our Charter has no basis in law, out justice is seriously flawed. Minority groups in this flawed system have a dim future at best. Our justice system must be revamped and revised so that it is more equitable, sensitive, and accessible.
Topics Related to The Canadian Justice System vs Aboriginal People
Institutional abuse, Canadian law, Black War, Genocides, Institutional racism
Essays Related to The Canadian Justice System vs Aboriginal People
Native Canadians in LiteratureNative Canadians in Literature Introduction: Literature offers a strong and passionate voice for the past. The literature of the Native Canadian is a voice we, the people of Canada, can no longer ignore. There is little to be gained by dwelling on the past. Nevertheless, there is much to be realized by accepting what has passed, with all of its mistakes and dust we might otherwise wish to hide under the carpets. English literature, since at least the sixteenth century, has a firm grounding in Ca
Methamphetamine: Built for Speed?Methamphetamine: Built for Speed? Methamphetamine has reclaimed a place in the lexicon of party drugs. Hailed by nocturnal adventurers, condemned by raver idealists, is speed a sleepless dream or an addictive nightmare? by Brian Otto Here at the end of the millennium, the pace of modern life seems fleeting -- a whirl of minutes, hours and days. In dealing with the changes, humans have equipped themselves with the tools to move faster, more efficiently. At the same time a dependence for the mar
History of InternetHistory of Internet Without a doubt, the Internet is undergoing a major transition as it experiences a tremendous influx of new users. Due to the anarchic, distributed nature of the net, we cannot even begin to enumerate the population of the Internet or its growth. As more of the world\'s population moves on-line, new concerns will arise which did not confront the earlier generations. The new culture will demand different resources, services and technology than the old generations expected and
The New InternetThe New Internet Without a doubt, the Internet is undergoing a major transition as it experiences a tremendous influx of new users. Due to the anarchic, distributed nature of the net, we cannot even begin to enumerate the population of the Internet or its growth. As more of the world\'s population moves on-line, new concerns will arise which did not confront the earlier generations. The new culture will demand different resources, services and technology than the old generations expected and use
Substance Abuse Increasing in Inner-City MinoritieSubstance Abuse Increasing in Inner-City Minorities Substance abuse is an ever increasing epidemic facing America\'s inner- city minorities. There are several different drugs that are gaining popularity amongst inner-city youths 1. Juice, that is marijuana soaked in embalming fluid is starting to show up in more and more inner east coast cities 2. Crack or rock cocaine is by far one of the most addicting drugs out there, it\'s been engulfing America\'s inner-cities since the early 80\'s 3. Heroi
The Connectio Between Animal Cruelty And Human VioThe Connectio Between Animal Cruelty And Human Violence Animal cruelty encompasses a range of different behaviors harmful to animals, from neglect to malicious, brutal killings. Studies show that animal cruelty may lead to more serious forms of crime, like heavy drug use, violent outbursts, and most common, cold blooded murder. Many studies in psychology, sociology, and criminology during the last twenty-five years have demonstrated that violent offenders frequently have childhood and adolescent
Imperial Presidency: OverviewImperial Presidency: Overview In his book, The Imperial Presidency, Arthur Schlesinger recounts the rise of the presidency as it grew into the imperial, powerful position that it is today. His writing reflects a belief that the presidency is becoming too powerful and that very few people are making a real effort to stop it. He analyzes the back and forth struggle for power between Congress and the Presidency. Schlesinger breaks up the first half of the book chronologically. He begins by discussi
Serial KillersSerial Killers God, I\'ve never done anything. Help me, help me! God, why is this happening? Help me! Robert Violante screamed as the Son of Sam\'s .44 caliber bullet tore through his temple (Eyes of a Killer, http.//www.serialkiller.com). Serial killers are the most famous of all murderers because of their mass numbers of victims and their odd rituals of killing. What is a serial killer? A serial killer falls into two categories: psychotics and psychopaths. Psychotics are clearly insane, they
Mental IllnessMental Illness “. . . Justice systems are built on the notion of free will and thus require an examination of the state of mind of the accused. . . .” - M. E. Rice, et. al It is often argued that a person’s presence in a correctional facility, in itself, points to a level of social maladaption as to constitute a possible mental disorder. One study found that only 5% of penitentiary inmates did not have some sort of mental disorder. This study counted “. . . psychosis, a problem of substance abus
Shock Program Shock Program March 7, 2004 In our era of high criminal activity something had to be done to eliminate the vast over crowding of today’s prisons. A military type boot camp was created to alter offenders’ behavior and deter them from any future criminal activity. This program is said to provide a therapeutic environment and meet the needs of offenders that can still become lawabiding citizens. The Shock Incarceration Program meets those needs and at the same time meets its goals which are reduc
MemoryMemory Memory is the mental faculty of retaining and recalling past experiences. A repressed memory is one that is retained in the sub conscious mind, where one is not aware of it but where it can still affect both conscious thoughts and behavior. When memory is distorted or confabulated, the result can be what has been called the False Memory Syndrome: a condition in which a person\'s identity and interpersonal relationships are entered around a memory of traumatic experience which is objective
PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG UPSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE Running head: PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE The Psychosocial Differences Between Drug Users of Different Frequencies Within a University Setting State University of New York at Stony Brook After declining for a decade, marijuana use began to rise among young people beginning in 1990 (National Institute of Drug Abuse NIDA}, 1996). Marijuana is one drug whose use, although illegal and considered harmful, has been normaliz
Tennessee WilliamsTennessee Williams Written By who cares Tennessee Williams was born Thomas Lanier Williams March 26, 1911, in Columbus, Mississippi. He was the son of Cornelius Coffin and Edwina (Dakin) Williams. His father, Cornelius, was a traveling salesman who traveled constantly, and moved his family several times during the first decade of Williams’ life. For the first seven years of Williams’ life, he, his mother, and his sister Rose lived with Mrs. Williams father, the Episcopalian clergyman. Cornelius
Bay of Pigs and The Cuban Missile CrisisBay of Pigs and The Cuban Missile Crisis Global Connections 4/28/01 The United States government has had many dealings with Cuba. The most important of these were the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis. In the first incident, the Bay of Pigs, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) planned to help Cuban exiles overthrow their dictator, Fidel Castro. Unfortunately, the plan failed in almost every way possible (Wiener, online). The second incident, the Cuban Missile Crisis, was the closest Ame
EuthanasiaEuthanasia A considerable size of society is in favor of Euthanasia mostly because they feel that as a democratic country, we as free individuals, have the right to decide for ourselves whether or not it is our right to determine when to terminate someone\'s life. The stronger and more widely held opinion is against Euthanasia primarily because society feels that it is god\'s task to determine when one of his creations time has come, and we as human beings are in no position to behave as god and
Argument Against EuthanasiaArgument Against Euthanasia A considerable size of society is in favor of Euthanasia mostly because they feel that as a democratic country, we as free individuals, have the right to decide for ourselves whether or not it is our right to determine when to terminate someone\'s life. The stronger and more widely held opinion is against Euthanasia primarily because society feels that it is god\'s task to determine when one of his creations time has come, and we as human beings are in no position to
Romantic Opinions In The Work Of Percy Bysshe ShelRomantic Opinions In The Work Of Percy Bysshe Shelley To think of something romantically is to think of it naively, in a positive light, away from the view of the majority. Percy Bysshe Shelley has many romantic themes in his plays. Educated at Eton College, he went on to the University of Oxford only to be expelled after one year after publishing an inappropriate collection of poems. He then worked on writing full-time, and moved to Italy shortly before his death in a boating accident off the s
GermanyGermany On October 3, 1990, the states of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) shed their last ties to their Soviet created structure and joined the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). The 23rd article of West Germany\'s 1949 constitution, the Basic Law, had been drafted specifically to allow for such an arrival from the East. But as the 1980s drew to a close, few Germans on either side of the border expected it to be used in their lifetime. Yet, in less than a year the beginnin
EuthanisiaEuthanisia In recent years, Euthanasia has become a very heated debate. It is a Greek word that means easy death but the controversy surrounding it is just the opposite. Whether the issue is refusing prolonged life mechanically, assisting suicide, or active euthanasia, we eventually confront our socity\'s fears toward death itself. Above others, our culture breeds fear and dread of aging and dying. It is not easy for most of the western world to see death as an inevitable part of life. However,
PrisonsPrisons REFERENCES 1. Gillian C. Mezey and Michael B. King, eds., Male Victims of Sexual Assault, 1995, New York: Oxford Univ. Press (Chapter 4, “Male rape in institutional settings”). 2. Anthony M. Scacco, Jr., ed., Male Rape: A Casebook of Sexual Aggressions, 1992, NY:AMS. 3. Ben-David, S. (1993) Rape death and resurrection: Male reactions after disclosure of the secret of being a rape victim. Medicine and Law, 12, 181-189. 4. Nacci, P. (1994) Inmate sexual aggression. Journal of Offender Coun
The Ontology of Gay and Queer The Ontology of Gay and Queer Homosexuality: History, Politics, Ethics April /2001 Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………….. p. 2-4 Definitions and Genealogy of Homosexuality……………… p. 5- Genealogy of Ontology………………………………………. p. Coming Out of the Closet: Conversion and Inaugeration or Integration……….. p. Genetic Ontology, Social Artifice and Orientations………... p. Conclusion: The Sexual Tower of Babel and Politics of Ontology………………………………. p. -Introduction- In recent years, the gay commu
URBAN, MIDDLE-CLASS TEENAGERS, IN THE DECADE OF THURBAN, MIDDLE-CLASS TEENAGERS, IN THE DECADE OF THE ‘DOT’. INTRODUCTION- Welcome to the decade of the dot. That tiny bit of Internet grammar whose ubiquity in e-mail addresses and web URLs so neatly captures the giddying impact of technology on our lives at the century’s launch. Ten years ago, the Internet was little more than a cyberspace wilderness traversed by nerds, while the Web was an obscure tool unknown to all but a handful of researchers. Today, the Internet is a more potent medium than
Globalization & Human Development Globalization Human Development Kazakhstan and Pakistan Abstract Globalization provides opportunities for developing countries to progress economically and increase human development. This paper defines the difference between economic development and human development and shows that Pakistan is at the low end of human development, while Kazakhstan is at and average level, considered a middle income country. Human development goes beyond measures of GDP, literacy rates, and life expectancy. Fact
Community Building with Suicidal Behavior Community Building with Suicidal Behavior MBA Organizational Behaviour and Design Community Building with Suicidal Behaviour Paper on: Introduction: Human beings have psychological, ethical, and spiritual needs that transcend the normal liberal agenda. Liberals have tended to focus exclusively on economic entitlements and political rights. But most people need something more: We need to be part of loving families and ethically and spiritually grounded communities that provide a meaning for our
What are Psychopaths and How do they exist in a coWhat are Psychopaths and How do they exist in a corporate world? The media may portray the psychopath as a crazed serial killer - the stuff of nightmares and horror films - but the reality is chillingly different. Not all psychopaths are violent criminals and fewer still have a desire to eat you for dinner. Many are highly successful businessmen and women, lawyers, academics, politicians, doctors and teachers. Psychopaths wear suits too... The Mental Health Act 1983 (HMSO 1983) described psychop
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A CrCarnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord’s Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
-THE ETHICS ON HUMAN CLONING--THE ETHICS ON HUMAN CLONING- Cloning is just one example of the great power of gene technology, a technology we urgently need to treat or cure diseases such as diabetes, cystic fibrosis, cancer or AIDS, and to help feed the growing world population. However gene technology raises urgent questions of safety and ethics. Human cloning means designer people with known pedigree. This is the ultimate pedigree child. Cloning of human embryos has already been achieved. Successful cloning of adults have
GENTIC ENGINEERINGGENTIC ENGINEERING Abstract This paper sets out to defend human genetic engineering with a new bioethical approach, post-humanism, combined with a radical democratic political framework. Arguments for the restriction of human genetic engineering, and specifically germ-line enhancement, are reviewed. Arguments are divided into those which are fundamental matters of faith, or bio-Luddite arguments, and those which can be addressed through public policy, or gene-angst arguments. The four bio-Lu
The History of Phamaceutical CompoundingThe History of Phamaceutical Compounding The profession of pharmacy was founded in the art and science of compounding medications. The beginning of compounding dates back to medieval times with priests, monks, and medicine men. Specialization first occurred in the early 9th century in the civilized world around Baghdad. Over time it gradually spread to Europe as alchemy evolved into chemistry as doctors began to abandon beliefs that were not demonstrable in the physical world. During this time,
Analysis of Police CorruptionAnalysis of Police Corruption Police corruption is a complex phenomenon, which does not readily submit to simple analysis. It is a problem that has and will continue to affect us all, whether we are civilians or law enforcement officers. Since its beginnings, may aspects of policing have changed; however, one aspect that has remained relatively unchanged is the existence of corruption. An examination of a local newspaper or any police-related publication on any given day will have an article abo
Tamil PeopleTamil People The legitimacy of the armed struggle of the Tamil people Democracy may mean acceding to the rule of the majority, but democracy also means governments by discussion and persuasion. It is the belief that the minority of today may become the majority of tomorrow that ensures the stability of a functioning democracy. The practice of democracy in Sri Lanka within the confines of a unitary state served to perpetuate the oppressive rule of a permanent Sinhala majority. It was a permanent
Black Like Me & BelovedBlack Like Me & Beloved SOC 3365-1 Critical Analysis Autumn Semester 1998 Some people looking at society today tend to think that the racial prejudice of the past has nearly been done away with. Others, however, those who are still the recipients of racial prejudice in their every day lives see our society very differently. Those who think that racial prejudice is getting better may only be fooling themselves or--perhaps more likely-- in some way are trying to deny the prejudice they themselves
Civil DisobedienceCivil Disobedience From the onset of man fighting for freedom or his beliefs, the question has always been whether one person can make a difference using words rather than wars. Philosophically, the concept of civil disobedience would appear to be an ineffective weapon against political injustice; history however has proven it to repeatedly be one of the most powerful weapons of the common man. Martin Luther King Jr. looked at the way African Americans were treated in the United States and saw a
Mental HealthMental Health Introduction Definition of Problem Description of Preliminary Data Gathering, Collection, or Resource The Research Design Data Analysis and Interpretation Conclusion Slide 1 The mental health and substance abuse fields have had a growing awareness of the prevalence of co-occurring disorders and the challenges presented by this population. The lack of success within traditional treatment settings for individuals with co-occurring disorders is well documented. Estimates suggest that
Capital PunishmentCapital Punishment Capital punishment is the penalty of death for crimes viewed as a violation of human dignity. Several monumental cases have affected the view of capital punishment. 1972, in the case of Furman, Supreme Court found capital punishment unconstitutional and temporary abolished it until 1976 when the Supreme Court reversed its decision and reinstated capital punishment in the Gregg Case. “Since 1972 there have been 712 executions in the United State [and] there are now 3,726 prison
Free Speech, Hate Speech, and Equality of Citizens Free Speech, Hate Speech, and Equality of Citizens Nov23/01 POLI SCI 101(A) On October 23, 1998, abortionist Dr. Barnett Slepian, was shot and killed by a sniper’s bullet. The sniper in question was part of the radical pro-life contingency in the United States. Bill Baird, another abortionist, had his own clinic fire bombed. When holding a news conference afterwards, he stated, “I fault publicly the Roman Catholic Church, the Right to Life people, and all anti-abortion forces who use the rhetor
Mental Health LegislationMental Health Legislation In 1997 when the current Government was elected into power one of their aims was to tackle the inequalities that existed within health and social care. Since then we have seen the publication of many policy documents which planned the way forward for health care, particularly in the way that care is delivered. Modern and Dependable (DOH, 1997), set out ways for national improvement in healthcare. Modernising Mental health Services (DOH, 1998a), set out the way on which
The GovernmentThe Government In 1997 when the current Government was elected into power one of their aims was to tackle the inequalities that existed within health and social care. Since then we have seen the publication of many policy documents which planned the way forward for health care, particularly in the way that care is delivered. Modern and Dependable (DOH, 1997), set out ways for national improvement in healthcare. Modernising Mental health Services (DOH, 1998a), set out the way on which mental heal
SteriodsSteriods The controversial issue of steroid abuse is among the most popular of the controlled substance problems. Steroid usage in sports has many moral and ethical questions, but this has not always been the case. This situation with steroid is a case of sociocultural evolution as an adaptive process. This implies that a rational response has been created based on the social patterns concerning anabolic steroids. It also means that as the problem changed, the response to the problem also change