The British Renaissance Produced Many Types of Literature and Was Influenced By
Shakespeare, Marlow, and Spenser


The British Renaissance produced many types of literature for the world
to see. Shakespeare, Spenser, and Marlowe all contributed to the shaping of the
time period. Christopher Marlowe\'s "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love"
portrays one of the typical love poems that can be seen from the Renaissance. A
man is in search of the love of another girl, or woman. Sir Walter Raleigh
wrote a poem in response to this passage of Marlowe\'s entitled "The Nymph\'s
Reply to the Shepherd." Although the name of the girl is not stated anywhere in
the former poem, Raleigh decided to use a wood nymph as his subject. The
Shepherd seems to be a meaningful man. His plead for the nymph\'s love seems
true, but is hollow. The Nymph\'s reply frankly points this out to the Shepherd
in her reply and jokingly refuses him her love. The themes of age, weather and
the seasons, and materialism all appear in the two poems. Though, both authors
use them differently to show how love should be attained.
Love should be attained by use of the heart. This theory is the premise
of Christopher Marlowe\'s "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love." The Shepherd in
his poem offers the world to his Love and everything with it. He is an old man
and hopes to win the girl\'s heart. Notice the word ‘hopes.\'

If these delights thy mind may move,
Then live with me and be my love.

And so the last two lines of the poem end. Putting these lines at the very end
of the poem emphasizes the unsure gestures of the Shepherd. His age also
brings up another very interesting view of Marlowe\'s. In the poem, Marlowe
expresses the idea that age has no influence upon love and a person\'s feelings.
The shallow rivers, waterfalls, birds singing, and flowers all personify the
Shepherd\'s feeling that age has nothing to do with love and his hopes of winning
the younger girl\'s heart. The scene that is created is highly discernible as
Spring, the time of year associated with love and light-heartedness. The
allusions to these things also demonstrates the Shepherd\'s hollow sense of hope.
The Shepherd tries to lure the girl by offering her everything in the world.
This materialism clearly shows that Marlowe believes that only fancy trinkets
and beautiful possessions will win the heart of a girl. In virtually every
stanza, there is a reference to a nicety that the Shepherd offers the girl in
pursuitof her love.

A belt of straw and ivy buds,
With coral clasps and amber studs;

Christopher Marlowe\'s Shepherd clearly believes that the only surefire way of
attaining love would be to offer as much as you can and lure your subject into a
false sense of being loved by giving her (or him) the world.
The world means nothing to Sir Walter Raleigh\'s Nymph, the girl Raleigh
presumes to be the object of the Shepherd\'s pleas, in his poem entitled "The
Nymph\'s Reply to the Shepherd" in direct response to Christopher Marlowe. The
beautiful forest creature is young compared to the elderly Shepherd. This is
the first point with which Raleigh disagrees with Marlowe. To Raleigh, the age
of the two lovers is an issue when two people love each other. The nymph says
sarcastically:

But could youth last and love still breed,
Had joys no date nor age no need,
Then these delights my mind might move,
To live with thee and be thy love.

Also in contrast to Marlowe\'s poem, Raleigh implants the scenery of winter,
which denotes the death and devastation that comes along with it. Winter has
always been linked to the dreary side of life and the Nymph\'s reply, by making a
blunt reference to this, clearly states that her love can not be bought with
gifts and that they could never love each other.

The flowers do fade, and wanton fields
To wayward winter reckoning yields;
A honey tongue, a heart of gall,
Is fancy\'s spring, but sorrow\'s fall.

The last two lines of the preceding passage are also quite interesting. The
Nymph in these lines says that the Shepherd is lying and that he\'s only dreaming
that he loves her. Some day, just like the seasons, a winter will fall upon the
relationship. The most assertive thing that the Nymph says in Raleigh\'s poem is
the rejection of all the niceties that the Shepherd will to give her. Although
the Shepherd is