This essay The Brief History of French Cuisine has a total of 2918 words and 13 pages.
The Brief History of French Cuisine
25 April 2001
French cuisine has been famous for centuries. It has been the international standard of taste, excellence and tradition. Even today, should there be a show on television of a book where a man takes a woman out on an incredible date, the are usually going to “Chez Pierre’s” or “Chez Francoise” or some other French cliché for a restaurant name. But aside from its magnificent taste, French cuisine is also the symbol for richness, extravagance and decadence. And it is not surprising to find out that those traditions came from the forefathers of self indulgence themselves, the Romans.
Before France was France, it was Gaul, a Roman province. In great many respects Gaul benefited immensely from the civilization that the Romans brought with them from the first century BC on. Not only did the Romans organize the administrative part of governing this land and imposed, with time, a much needed written law, but Roman soldiers, merchants, and other citizens that were far from familiar surroundings, naturally longed to retain the customs which they were used to in the Eternal City. And of these traditions the refined pleasures of the table were undoubtedly what represented to the displaced citizens, the essence of being Roman. Roman food habits continued to live in Gaul, at least to the extent that the usual foodstuffs were available or could be obtained, during the five centuries that the Empire lasted.
In the Area of Roman cookery one name stands out as representative of custom and tradition in the most glorious age of the Empire. M. Gavius Apicius (c. 25 BC – 35 AD) was a notorious gourmet whose self inflicted death was induced by his realization that his wealth had been so squandered as to have declined to a level at which he was unable to keep up his lifestyle. Apicius was the author of De re coquinaria, the first complete compilation of roman recipes, 450 to be exact, 138 of which the author was responsible for himself. The book outlasted its Empire, was copied by monks through out the Middle Ages and was first printed in 1498.
Another name, which stands out, is not as famous but in no way less influential. It is the “Letter of Anthimus to Theodoric”. This letter, written about 520A.D., embodies medical and culinary advice about foods offered by a Greek physician to and Ostragoth ruler. It is a practical dietetic, often resembling an informal cookery manual. This letter embodies two very important aspects of medieval cookery. Firstly, the Frankish tribes which broke across the frontiers of the Roman Empire looked to Roman usage for the standards they would adopt in their own social practice. And secondly, the best advice that could be given about food in this period was given by a physician and founded on medical concepts. Copies of this letter continued to be made into the twelfth century.
The Franks themselves, for whom the advice was written, ultimately established themselves in the land to which they gave their name, France. In matters of food the French continued to respect the doctrines of medical science all the way to the end of the middle ages. This in no way denied them the decadence, which the social class rift of the Middle Ages brought with it.
The cooking was not so much about taste as about the preservation of the product. Spices are critical and of great value. Not so much to cover the taste of spoiled meat as the popular wisdom has it, but more to counteract all the salt and the bland taste of shoe-leather quality meat boiled in the pot all day. Medieval people did not value "taste" in quite the same way that we do - food was appreciated more for its appearance, its symbolic value, or its rarity. When the great noble feasts are described, a great deal of narrative is spent on the clever inventions constructed to look like castles or unicorns, boars covered in gold leaf, and peacocks dressed in their own feathers, but nothing at all on how the food tasted. The sign of a great cook was the ability to make something look like something else: fish that looks like venison or
Topics Related to The Brief History of French Cuisine
Cooking, French cuisine, Haute cuisine, Cookbook, Sauce, Auguste Escoffier, Cuisine, Franois Pierre La Varenne, Nouvelle cuisine, Molecular gastronomy
Essays Related to The Brief History of French Cuisine
Lord of the FliesLord of the Flies Lord of the Flies is an intuitive look into the thoughts and actions of a group of boys stranded on a deserted island. The novel deals with tragic and provocative scenes of terror and an ongoing timeline of events to follow a pack of boys on an incredible journey while a nuclear war continues on back home. The bonding and breaking of friendships, Ralph’s obsession with getting home, and the regressions to savagery are just a few of the many aspects of Lord of the Flies. Through
Lord Of The Flies by William GoldingLord Of The Flies by William Golding About the author Sir William Golding (1911-1993), was an English novelist who wrote exciting adventure stories who deal with the conflict between mind and instinct. William Gerald Golding was born in St. Columb Minor, in Cornwall. He was knighted in 1988. His novels are moral fables that reveal how dangerous and destructive human brings may be unless they are restrained by conscience. Golding won the 1983 Nobel Prize for literature. His most famous book, Lor
Nick Adams in Hemingway's StoriesNick Adams in Hemingway\'s Stories The Nick Adams stories were my favorite of the collection because I got to know Nick through the reading. I started to understand Nick and I could anticipate the actions and feelings that he was feeling. I am not sure if this is because I became familiar with Nick or because I have done many of the things Nick has done and was able to understand what he was doing. Big Two-Hearted River: Part I and II were the most enjoyable short stories of the ones I read. T
Not MeNot Me Not Me Once in time there was a boy named Johnny. Johnny was skinny and clumsy and tall. His family was poor, though they had money His dad owned a business, always on call. He lived in a small town in the Northwest. He was told that he was disadvantaged. His school was bad, but his teachers the best. The classrooms were old, the textbooks were damaged He didn\'t excel, although a bright student. Teachers called him an underachiever. He didn\'t notice a quarter-life spent Until Grad-night
PASSIONATE STORMSPASSIONATE STORMS Judy Dear March 17, 2000 Critical Essay III English 1123C Passionate Storms Kate Chopin’s “The Storm”, is a story filled with metaphorical references between a thunderstorm of rain and a thunderstorm of passion. Calixta, Bobinot, and Bibi led, what one would assume to be, a rather normal life. While Bobinot and Bibi are in town shopping they notice a storm approaching, and “Bobinot, who was accustomed to converse on terms of perfect equality with his little son, called the chil
Short storyShort story Lang. Arts Rich Goldman Short Story per.7 ³ You have entered the United States government mainframe. Please enter your password,² says the computer. ³ Thank you, Mr. Smith.² ³ The file of Henry O¹Brien is being loaded. Please stand by.² ³ File loaded, and deleted Mr. Smith.² For Henry O¹Brien, breaking into other computers is his hobby and life. Ever since the computer age (the twenty-first century), Henry O¹Brien has been a computer artist. There isn¹t a computer he can¹t break into
Television edTelevision ed March 25, 1997 Essay #2 p. 178 #8.c. “TV is justly called ‘the boob tube’.” I disagree, in my opinion, television has many positive and informational uses. Television is now being used more in school because it is proven that students remember and comprehend better than from a regular class lecture. Television has always been good for spreading the news of current world events but it is now being used for more educational and informational documentaries. Television is becoming more
The Adventures Of Huck Finn: List all the superstiThe Adventures Of Huck Finn: List all the superstions and rel In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Jim and Huck use and believe in many superstitions. There are many examples from the book, that show this in the characters. Most of the superstitions are very ridiculous, but some actually make a little sense. Huck seen a spider was crawling on his shoulder and he flipped it off and it landed in a lit candle. It shriveled up and died. Huck said it would fetch him some awful bad luck. He got up an
The Crucible- A tragedy in every senseThe Crucible- A tragedy in every sense Arthur Miller\'s The Crucible is clearly a representation of the true meaning of tragedy. John Proctor was, in fact, the medium, the tool, of which Miller utilized to convey a universal depiction of tragedy. A broad definition of a tragic hero is a protagonist who, through faults and flaws of his own and in the society in which he exists, falters in the grand scheme of things. This mistake leads to suffering, which ultimately leads to a self-realization.
THE EDUCATION SYSTEMTHE EDUCATION SYSTEM THE EDUCATION SYSTEM The education system in my country is different from U.S education; mostly it is similar to France education system. The education system in my country is very restricted and it is not easy to graduate from high school. I have been attending US colleges for almost four years now. I finished high school in my country and never get a chance to attend college in there. In this essay I would like to compare and contrast the differences between my high school
Underground to Canada : Mammy Sally's VersionUnderground to Canada : Mammy Sally\'s Version As Mammy Sally was cooking this lady called Nina who also worded in the kitchen said I found a passage way out o\' here. Mammy Sally looked shocker. But if we get caught Massa Simms gonna whip us until our day are done workin\'. Said Mammy Sally. But, Nina was Strong and Fearless and said I don\'t care I\'m sick of the way those people treat us I goin\' to Canada. Mammy Sally stood there for a while and in came Massa Simms with his whip. And sa
The Renaisance ManThe Renaisance Man The Renaissance Man The people with whom we associate in conjunction with our surroundings affect us in many aspects of our life. One prominent individual has had an everlasting affect on my life. He came to me when I was seventeen months old and has been b was seventeen months old. Ever since that day he has been with me, subtly guiding me through all the stages y my side throughout my life. I see his success as a motive to achieve my own ambitions. James Derderian, my father
The Summer of the FalconThe Summer of the Falcon The Summer of The Falcon Every popular novel must have an interesting story, suitable conflicts, and a theme. In the novel The Summer Of the Falcon, the author Jean Craighead George parallels the maturation of the main character with the teaching of a bird to fly and take commands. June becomes mature and grows form childhood to adulthood, In the end of the story, June is not a child anymore. Neither is the falcon. It has fully grown and has decided to live independently
The VistThe Vist The night sky of Neton was a clear one. The deep blue, almost a black but well illuminated by the bright full moon, glistened with a pattern of twinkling stars. The background light from Brisbane was almost nonexistent, a pleasant change of atmosphere that was rarely appreciated by most. Except Jane. She loved the clear sky, the faint presence of the Milky Way as it wrapped itself across the near-endless plane that was the sky She stood out on the balcony, staring into the azure. Was th
There isn't Much TimeThere isn\'t Much Time There isn\'t Much Time It is Monday morning and I have slept in, thanks to Thanksgiving. In fact, it\'s twelve o\'clock and I am free for the afternoon. As usual, I sit in front of the . television after I clean myself up, staring endlessly at the screen with my finger clicking on the remote. I realize that I have a draft due on Thursday, but I justify my procrastination with reasons like: there is still lots of time. Life is faster now, and people in the 90\'s are suppo
Thunder rides a blck horsethunder rides a blck horse Thunder Rides A Black Horse Mescalero Apaches and the Mythic Present Brian Lamar ANT 221-001 Keith Stephenson October 16, 1995 I feel that what Claire Farrer means by living in the mythic present is that although most Indian culture is perceived long to have been different, it is in fact very live and active today. I will give specific examples from her book, Thunder Rides a Black Horse, to support my arguments of what the mythic present actually means and list man
Walking Across Egypt - Character Analasys of MattiWalking Across Egypt - Character Analasys of Mattie Rigsbee Walking Across Egypt Mattie Rigsbee, from Walking Across Egypt by Clyde Edgerton, is an extremely unique person. She is very bona fide, a true Christian, but still likes to gossip every once in a while. Her uniqueness shows in many ways: she is the best cook in Listre, North Carolina, she has the compulsion to help others that have less than she, and she is seventy-eight years old and is just now starting to run down. She is a very co
When I was a KidWhen I was a Kid When I was a kid we left the dirty streets of Brooklyn, New York for the quieter suburban streets of Connecticut. We moved into a large house in Norwalk, Connecticut. Norwalk is the sort of town that dreams of being a big city but will always be just another small port on the Connecticut coastline. Like out of some horror story, the south side of town offers plenty of frightening images: ghettos, drug dealers, prostitutes, graffiti, and even young urban professionals. The south
Ford Motor CompanyFord Motor Company Ford Motor Company is the world\'s largest producer of trucks, and the second largest producer of cars and trucks combined. Ford has manufacturing, assembly or sales affiliates in 34 countries and Ford companies employed 337,800 people world-wide in 1996. Ford has manufacturing facilities in 22 countries on 5 continents, with 87 plants in North America and 41 in Europe. In Europe, in 1995, Ford\'s combined vehicle market share, at 12.2%, was the highest for eleven years, with
My Vision of TomorrowMy Vision of Tomorrow Tomorrow\'s world will be much different and also, much better in many ways. We will have developed much better technology. We will have made huge medical advancements. The general quality of life will be much better, and living will also have become much easier. Still, nothing can ever be perfect, and in a world of the future, we will experience many complex and unavoidable problems such as depletion of resources, overpopulation, and the threat of nuclear and biological wa
Health & SafetyHealth & Safety “The Great Atlantic and Pacific Company of Canada is committed to providing both employees and customers with a safe and healthy working and shopping environment. All reasonable efforts will be made to eliminate hazardous conditions and unsafe practices from the workplace”. We will be examining how Dominion takes precaution to protect workers, provides information, instruction and supervision to workers to protect their health and safety, and how they advise workers of potential
My Vision of TommorrowMy Vision of Tommorrow Submitted to the Cheat House By: Jupin (I perfer to leave my name unknown) My Vision of Tomorrow Tomorrow\'s world will be much different and also, much better in many ways. We will have developed much better technology. We will have made huge medical advancements. The general quality of life will be much better, and living will also have become much easier. Still, nothing can ever be perfect, and in a world of the future, we will experience many complex and unavoidable pr
Wendy's HistoryWendy\'s History Wendy’s Frostys “ I opened the first Wendys restaurant because I felt that there should be a place where fresh hamburgers are made just the way the customer wants it.” That is as true today as it was thirty one years ago when Dave Thomas first spoke those words. People put their trust into Wendys everytime that they eat there. Infact Wendys is the only fast food place that offers the Frosty (Wendys Web Page). November 15th 1969, in Columbus, Ohio, was a very phantasmagoric day i
Coming of Age in SomoaComing of Age in Somoa Margaret Mead’s “Coming of Age in Samoa”, which was actually her doctoral dissertation, was compiled in a period of six months starting in 1925. Through it, people were given a look at a society not affected by the problems of 20th century industrial America. She illustrated a picture of a society where love was available for the asking and crime was dealt with by exchanging a few mats. This book helps one to realize the large role played by social environment. One of Mead
Irony Of The MetamorphosisIrony Of The Metamorphosis The Metamorphosis I have chosen The Metamorphosis as my subject for this paper; I will take a close look at how the death of Gregor Samsa opens the doors to understanding the story. I will give examples of irony through Gregor’s metamorphosis and how this irony brings together the conclusion of the story. Through his death we see the truth behind his parents, which in it’s self is ironic. It is difficult to pinpoint one specific thing to write about in the story; there
Like Water for ChocolateLike Water for Chocolate Traditions Does your family have any traditions? Do you eat certain foods for certain holidays? Traditional values and family are important in many cultures, but they seem to play an especially important role to Mexicans (Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia). One of the most important parts of their culture is food. Much of Mexican’s daily routines and traditions revolve around the ritual of preparing the food and eating it (Mexican Cuisine and Cooking). In Laura Esquivel’s n
WIld Meat and the Bully BurgersWIld Meat and the Bully Burgers In the beginning, Lovey and her best friend, Jerry, are watching the Shirley Temple movie before they go to church. They never get to see the end because they have to go and leave. They make up the endings and cry in the middle of the pastor\'s sermon. On Lovey\'s birthday, Jerry would make her a gift certificate from the toy store for $500. Lovey is very embarrassed to be speaking pidgin English. She doesn\'t tell anyone, not even Jerry, how she is ashamed of how
Your Chemical WorldYour Chemical World Your Chemical World” In today’s world we rely on many different facets to achieve what we normally don’t even give a second thought. As I am sitting here typing this paper I am simultaneously using the culmination of numerous chemical breakthroughs. The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a group of over 150,000 chemists, both academic and industrial. “Your Chemical World,” a book that the ACS has published, is a biography of sorts, where in the uses and need for a chemical wo
Egalia's DaughtersEgalia\'s Daughters Socialization of Gender, Is it inherently negative? Egalia’s Daughters My first reaction to Egalia’s Daughters, by Gerd Brantenberg, was something like WHAT is this . I was immediately very confused, and had no idea what this author was writing about. In fact, I felt as though I opened the book to the middle of a story, and became turned off by the whole experience. It took about three chapters, and someone’s help, until I started to read the book understandably, with ease, a
Booker T. Washington: Fighter for the Black ManBooker T. Washington: Fighter for the Black Man Booker T. Washington was a man beyond words. His perseverance and will to work were well known throughout the United States. He rose from slavery, delivering speech after speech expressing his views on how to uplift America\'s view of the Negro. He felt that knowledge was power, not just knowledge of books, but knowledge of agricultural and industrial trades. He felt that the Negro would rise to be an equal in American society through hard work.
Chocolate Chip CookiesChocolate Chip Cookies Roy McKenzie L.A. 6° February 26 1997 Whoever in here likes chocolate chip cookies STAND UP! Well, I like them too. The story of the Chocolate chip cookie is really an interesting one. In fact, did you know that the invention itself was really an accident? Nope, well, I didn\'t think so. Let me tell you a little about it. Have you ever wondered how the chocolate chip cookie came to be? Have you ever wondered who brought this American tradition into our homes? Do you know h
Booker T Washington- Fighter for thr black manBooker T Washington- Fighter for thr black man Booker T. Washington: Fighter for the Black Man Booker T. Washington was a man beyond words. His perseverance and will to work were well known throughout the United States. He rose from slavery, delivering speech after speech expressing his views on how to uplift America\'s view of the Negro. He felt that knowledge was power, not just knowledge of books, but knowledge of agricultural and industrial trades. He felt that the Negro would rise to be a
Fables Of AbundanceFables Of Abundance Suzette Rambo-Lamb Professor Goldberg Mid-Term Part I. The new approaches that advertisers applied to idealize conceptions of the body and health as analyzed by Lears, relate to the two images in many ways. The advertisers began to focus on physiological (materialistic) and psychological (vitalist) perfectionism thus encompassing everyone and often overlapping. This is very prelevent on these two magazine covers. The \'Fitness\' magazine, at first glance, focuses on the physi
Morality and Ethics and ComputersMorality and Ethics and Computers There are many different sides to the discussion on moral and ethical uses of computers. In many situations, the morality of a particular use of a computer is up to the individual to decide. For this reason, absolute laws about ethical computer usage is almost, but not entirely, impossible to define. The introduction of computers into the workplace has introduced many questions as well: Should employers make sure the workplace is designed to minimize health risk
Stereotypesstereotypes -- Dumb jocks! , Women don\'t belong there, doing that! , He must be a criminal, just look at his clothes. How often have we heard somebody mention these things, yet, how often have we said something similar? Our society is based on face values where we categorize people because of the actions of a few. All of the above statements are prejudicial notions used to define members of a social or an ethnic group, and are called stereotypes. Unfortunately, stereotypes negatively affect our
WOMANWOMAN WOMEN WORKING AND RAISING A FAMILY Do you ever wonder how women\'s roles have changed in recent times? Originally women were in the household to take care of family matters such as cooking, cleaning, and children. Now in more modern times women\'s roles have expanded to working outside the home to take control of their families, and to work and take care of the children. Along with the increase of women in the work place the business of working at home and entreprenuership has become a val
Sleeping DisordersSleeping Disorders I am going to start by telling you what a sleeping disorder is. A sleeping disorder is a problem that affects something to do with sleep. Not all sleeping disorders have symptoms that are obvious to a person or their family and friends, here are some common sleep disorders. - Insomnia - Sleep Apnea - Narcolepsy - Restless Leg Syndrome - Parasomnia - Bruxism - Jet Lag - Shiftwork I will be discussing the sleeping disorders listed above and what symptoms they can cause. Insomnia
VinegarVinegar Chris Nacey Writing 101 Final draft 2-19-1997 When I was a child, I spent a lot of time in the kitchen with my mother. She liked to cook and so did I. Because of this, I learned my way around the kitchen. I knew the place for everything, and I knew the uses of most everything. There was only one paradox, in my knowledge of the kitchen: vinegar. My mother had one bottle of vinegar for as long as I can remember. She never used it in cooking, or taught me how to for that matter. Our bottle
The Effects of Antibiotics on Bacterial GrowthThe Effects of Antibiotics on Bacterial Growth Biology II 1996 Bacteria are the most common and ancient microorganisms on earth. Most bacteria are microscopic, measuring 1 micron in length. However, colonies of bacteria grown in a laboratory petri dish can be seen with the unaided eye. There are many divisions and classifications of bacteria that assist in identifying them. The first two types of bacteria are archaebacteria and eubacteria. Both groups have common ancestors dating to more than 3
Detection of Biological MoleculesDetection of Biological Molecules Introduction: Without carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen and phosphorus, life wouldn\'t exist. These are the most abundant elements in living organisms. These elements are held together by covalent bonds, ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds, and disulfide bonds. Covalent bonds are especially strong, thus, are present in monomers, the building blocks of life. These monomers combine to make polymers, which is a long chain of monomers strung together. Biological mo
LipidsLipids The subject I will cover is lipids. I will tell you about the description of it’ s organic compound. I will tell you where it is found. I will tell you what the uses are in plants and animals. I will also tell you about it’s chemical structure and give examples of types of these compounds, such as cholesterol. The organic compound of lipids have many similarities. They are almost always greasy, fatty, oily, or waxy. They do not dissolve in water, but they do in other organic solvents. Thi
Muscle GrowthMuscle Growth Introduction With the introduction of such modern conveniences such as the automobile, remote control, and even the electric toothbrush people are relying on technology to do everything for them. With a generation growing up in todays society physical tasks have almost become obsolete. Tasks such as even going shopping and going out to visit a friend can be done from the comfort of your own computer. With this sedentary lifestyle, muscular size will almost be unnecessary, except fo
PrionsPrions Prions have been a mistery for scientists from the day they where discovered. Prions act like viruses but they are not. Their structure and chemistry are unknown. They are believed to be proteins but that is yet to be completely proved. Prion stands for “proteinaceous infectious particles”. Prions are known to cause many diseases involved with nervous systems like the brain. They are the ones that cause the well known “ mad cow ” disesase in Britain and “scrapie” for animals. For humans t
Tapeworm InfestationTapeworm Infestation Charlotte Cox Causative agent: Tapeworms are parasitic Helmiths of the Phylum Platyhelminthes (Flatworms) and Class Cestodes. They include Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Taenia solium (pork tapeworm) and Diphyllobothrium latum and Echinococcus granulosus . Anatomy: Scolex (head) with suckers, sometimes hooks. Proglottids -body segments continuously produced by the scolex which contain both testes and ovaries that mature as they move away from scolex to produce eggs. Taenia
The Results of AgingThe Results of Aging Prepared for Ms. Ferguson Mark Trolley Abstract This report presents several aspects of aging. The report looks at a number of theories of why we age, the physical and mental changes we undergo as we age, and several ways of caring for the elderly. TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.............................................iii INTRODUCTION......................................................1 THEORIES OF WHY WE AGE............................................2 Geneti
Human Variations in High Altitude PopulationsHuman Variations in High Altitude Populations Jessyca Caumo 26 november 1996 Thesis:The purpose of this paper is to describe the high altitude stresses and the general adaptations made by the Tibetan population in the Himalayas and the Quechua in the Andes. I Introduction II Background A Quechua People B Tibetan People III General Adaptations A Physical 1 Growth 2 Development 3 Core temperature 4 Extremity temperature B Non- Physical 1 Clothing 2 Houses 3 Schedule V Conclusion “Some ten to twent
CopperCopper Blake Adams Period 3 Grade 8 2/5/97 Copper is a mineral. it is not a plant or a animal. Copper is a metallic metal. It can never be broken down into differnet substances by normal chemical means. Copper was one of the first metals known to humans. People liked it because in it’s native condition, it could easily be beaten into weapons or tools. Copper has been one of the most useful metals for over 5000 years. Copper was probably used around 8000 B.C by people living along the Tigris and
Nuclear FusionNuclear Fusion For a fusion reaction to take place, the nuclei, which are positively charged, must have enough kinetic energy to overcome their electrostatic force of repulsion. This can occur either when one nucleus is accelerated to high energies by an accelerating device, or when the energies of both nuclei are raised by the application of very high temperature. The latter method, referred to the application of thermonuclear fusion, is the source of a lot of really cool energy. Enough energy
Photochemical SmogPhotochemical Smog Gifted Chemistry IB Alternative Assessment 1997 March 19 Historically, the term smog referred to a mixture of smoke and fog, hence the name smog. The industrial revolution has been the central cause for the increase in pollutants in the atmosphere over the last three centuries. Before 1950, the majority of this pollution was created from the burning of coal for energy generation, space heating, cooking, and transportation. Under the right conditions, the smoke and sulfur dioxi
The History, Use, and Effectiveness of Medicinal DThe History, Use, and Effectiveness of Medicinal Drugs I. The History, Use, and Effectiveness of Medicinal Drugs A. Introduction (Pg\'s 1-2) II. Aspirin (Pg\'s 3-6) A. Its Origin B. Dosages C. Relative Effectiveness D. Side Effects E. Alternate Treatment III. Sulfa Drugs (Pg\'s 7-10) A. Its Origin B. Dosages C. Relative Effectiveness D. Side Effects E. Alternate Treatment IV. Antibiotics (Pg\'s 11-14) A. Its Origin B. Dosages C. Relative Effectiveness D. Side Effects E. Alternate Treatment V. An