The Berlin Wall





The Berlin Wall, for twenty-eight years, separated friends, families, and a nation. A lot of suffering began for Germany when World War II commenced, but by the end of the war Germany was in the mists of a disaster waiting to happen. After WWII was over Germany was divided into four parts. The United States, Great Britain, and France controlled the three divisions that were formed in the Western half; and the Eastern half was controlled by the Soviet Republic. The Western divisions eventually united to make a federal republic, while the Eastern divisions became communist. Even though Berlin lay deep within the Soviet sector, the Allies thought it best to divide this capital. Therefore Berlin was also divided into four parts. The Soviet Union was in control of the eastern half of Germany. The Soviet Union made East Berlin the capital of East Germany. The other three counties were each in control of a small part of what was to be West Germany. These three countries decided that they would come together to form one country out of their three divided parts. Those three divided parts formed West Germany. After all the land was divided the Soviet Union controlled East Germany. Just like the Soviet Union, the economy in East Germany








There were many dramatic and interesting escapes to the west after the Berlin wall went up. Some of the most interesting were the building of a underground tunnel that connected a old bakery from the west to some back yard toilets in the east, capturing a boat and tying the captain up after he got drunk and taking the boat to West Berlin, and hiding in a car with no top and no windshield as the driver does not stop to be inspected and goes rite under the barriers. One of the most interesting escapes came from two families who worked on a hot air balloon in their basement. The men drilled and soldered together gas burners, platforms and a makeshift flamethrower, while the woman stitched a sixty foot wide and seventy five foot high balloon out of curtains, bed sheets and other fabrics. The couples had just enough fuel to get in the air and barely floated over the Wall on Sept. 15, 1979. When Nazi Germany surrendered at the end of WWII, the allied powers signed the Potsdam Agreement, a treaty that determined the borders for Germany and Berlin. Germany was split into four sections, the largest being the Soviets section, which was the Eastern part of Germany. The western section belonged to France, Britain and USA. This all mad





The Berlin Wall, for twenty-eight years, separated friends, families, and a nation. A lot of suffering began for Germany when World War II commenced, but by the end of the war Germany was in the mists of a disaster waiting to happen. After WWII was over Germany was divided into four parts. The United States, Great Britain, and France controlled the three divisions that were formed in the Western half; and the Eastern half was controlled by the Soviet Republic. The Western divisions eventually united to make





The Berlin Wall For twenty-eight years, the Berlin Wall separated friends, families, and a nation. After the second World War in 1945, the victorious Allies, the US, Britain, France, Russia divided Germany into four sectors, each under the control of an ally. The US, British, and French Sectors combined to form a democratic state, The Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany. The Soviet sector became a communist state, The German Democratic Republic, or East Germany, on October 7, 1949. A barrier now separated east and West. Winston Churchill named this barrier the Iron Curtain. Even though Berlin lay deep within the Soviet sector, the Allies thought it best to divide this metropolis. Therefore Berlin was also divided into four sectors. Again the US, British, and French Sectors combined to form West Berlin. The Soviet sector became the East German capital, East Berlin.The governments of these two new countries were set up by the occupying forces, not the populous. Most of the residents of East Berlin and East Germany did not like the communist regime. In fact, most people were not communists. The Berlin Wall, though not part of