The Beatles

There have been more books published about one 20th century icon than any
other, this band that is said to have broken down barriers in all ways, is the
Beatles. Their music was said to have driven that younger generation mad.
Perhaps it was because they were one of the first bands ever play real rock and
roll music; or maybe it was those cute little peacoats they wore. Or maybe it
was just because they were foreigners in the world of music, yet seemed to fit
right in with the young people. Whatever reason was, the Beatles were a band
that shaped a generation and ones soon to come.

The Beatles were more than just a rock and roll band , they were a group of
young men who wanted to go a new direction in music. John Lennon, one of lead
vocalists, basically started with the intention of moving away from the
"Skiffle Boom Era" which was dominating the time. In his doing so, he began to
lay the foundation for what would later be the most famous rock band ever. The
original band members were as follows : John Lennon, vocals and guitar ; Paul
McCartney, vocals ; George Harrison, guitar ; Pete Best, drums ; Stuart
Sutcliffe, bass guitar.

In March of 1961, the Beatles began to play at the club that would
later be nicknamed "The Home of the Beatles". The Cavern Club, which\'s premises
comprised a small group of cellars below a seven story warehouse which had
originally been used as an air raid shelter during the war. Later, Alan Sytner,
a jazz fan decided to open it up as a new jazz club. After a few years, he sold
it to Ray McFall another jazz fan. The club was originally strictly jazz and no
rock. Luckily for the Beatles, the times were changing and McFall quickly
changed the policy the Beatles soon became regulars. This would be the club
that would make them famous.

News of the band\'s Liverpool popularity soon became know throughout England
and later a large part of Europe. Shortly after their first tour of Hamburg,
Stuart, who had always been a better artist than musician left the band to
pursue goals in the visual arts field. Paul had dabbled in bass guitar and took
his place. This was a transition period for the members in the band, they were
going from being Liverpool locals to being English stars. It was about this
time that the rest of the band and their manager Brian Epstien, began to notice
Pete\'s growing ego, and thought it would be best if he not be in the band.

Many fans were suprised and upset at the decision. When they heard Ringo
Starr one of the back up drummers, was joining they were calmed perhaps in
anticipation of hearing how the new member would fit in with the rest of the
band. The result was fabulous. The band was pleased with thier new addition and
they quickly adapted to each others playing styles. Ring was the final member to
join the band and in October of 1962, just a few months after Ringo joined the
band, the Beatles had their first hit single, Love Me Do .

1963 and 1964 proved to be the most important years for the Beatles. During
1963 they created a sensation in Britain. The boys appeared on Sunday Night at
the London Palladium and a writer for the Daily Mirror coined the phrase
Beatlemania, it later became the word people used to describe the outpour of
Beatle fans. With in months the Beatles had gone from being opening acts at
concerts to starring on the Royal Variety Show. The reasons for their success
were uncanny. During the "baby boom", more children were born in England than
any other time in history. During the time of the Beatles popularity, most of
these babies were teenagers and they wanted more freedom than their parents had
been given.

1964 was the absolute most important year of their careers. 1964 was the
year they conquered the biggest record market of the world, America. It took a
combination of talent and luck. America was suffering with the loss of John F.
Kennedy and the Beatles appeared on the scene to bring them fun and excitement
to end their mourning. They also brought rock and roll back to its homeland.
Being in right place at the right time seemed to favor the Beatles. On a flight
back home from Sweden, they ran into Ed Sullivan who