This essay The Battle of Gettysburg has a total of 1336 words and 5 pages.
The Battle of Gettysburg
This most famous and most important Civil War Battle occurred over three hot summer days, July 1 to July 3, 1863,
around the small market town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It began as a skirmish but by the time it ended, it
involved 160,00 Americans.
Before the battle, major cities in the North such as Philadelphia, Baltimore and even Washington itself, were under
threat of attack from General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia which had crossed the
Potomac River and marched into Pennsylvania.
the Union Army of the Potomac under its new and untried commander, General George G. Meade, marched to
On Tuesday morning, June 30, an infantry brigade of Confederate soldiers searching for shoes headed toward
Gettysburg (population about 2,400). The Confederate commander looked through his field glasses and spotted a
long column of Federal cavalry heading toward the town. He withdrew his brigade and informed his superior, Hen.
Henry Heth, who in turn told his superior, A.P. Hill, he would go back the following morning and “get those shoes”.
This kinda of tells you how much of an advantage the North had over the South. Desperate bare-footed men risked
their lives for shoes.
Wednesday, July 1, two divisions of Confederates headed back to Gettysburg. They ran into Federal cavalry west of
the town at Willoughby Run (I have Willoughby Run on my model here) and the skirmish began. Events quickly
escalated. Lee rushed 25,000 men to the scene while the Union had less than 20,000.
After much fierce fighting and heavy casualties on both sides, the Federals were pushed back through the town of
Gettysburg and regrouped south of the town along the high ground near the cemetery (which is here on my map).
Lee ordered Confederate General R.S. Ewell to seize the high ground from the battle tired Federals . Gen. Ewell
hesitated to attack thereby giving the Union troops a chance to dig in along Cemetery Ridge and bring in
reinforcements with artillery. By the time Lee realized Ewell had not attacked, it was too late to attempt the attack.
Meade arrived at the area and thought it was an ideal place to do battle with the Rebel army. He expected a massive
number of Union soldiers totaling up to 100,000to arrive and strengthen his defensive position.
Confederate General James Lonstreet saw the Union position as nearly impenetrable and told Lee it should be left
alone. He argued that the Confederate Army should instead move east between the Union Army and Washington and
build a defensive position thus forcing the Federals to attack them instead. But Lee believed his army was invincible
and he also didn’t have his cavalry which served as his eyes and ears. With his cavalry he could track the Unions
troop movements. Cavalry leader Jev Stuart had gone off with his troops to harass the Federals leaving Lee with a
Lee decided to attack the Union Army’s defensive position at the southern end of Cemetery Ridge which he thought
was less defended.
Around 10 a.m. the next morning, Thursday, July 2, Gen. Lonstreet was ordered by Lee to attack. but Lonstreet was
quite slow in getting his troops into position and didn’t even attack them until 4 p.m. that afternoon. This gave the
Union Army more time to strengthen their position.
When Longstreet attacked, some of the most bitter fighting of the Civil War erupted at places now part of American
military folklore such as Little Round Top, Devil’s Den, the Wheat Field and the Peach Orchard (which can all be
seen on my model). Longstreet took the Peach Orchard but was driven back at Little Round Top.
About 6:30 p.m. Gen. Ewell attacked the Union Line from the north and east at Cemetery Hill and Culp’s Hill (which
can be seen on my model also). The attack lasted into darkness but was finally decided unsuccessful at Cemetery
Hill, although Rebels seized some trenches on Culp’s Hill.
By about 10:30 p.m., the day’s fighting came to and end. The Federals had lost some ground during the Rebel
onslaught but still held the strong defensive position along Cemetery Ridge. Both sides regrouped and counted their
Generals from each side gathered in war councils to plan for the coming day. Union commander Meade decided his
army would remain in place and wait for Lee to attack. On the Confederate side, Longstreet once again tried to talk
Lee out of attacking such a strong position. But lee thought the beaten
Topics Related to The Battle of Gettysburg
Gettysburg Battlefield, Battle of Gettysburg, Gettysburg National Military Park, United States, Cemetery Hill, J. E. B. Stuart, Cemetery Ridge, James Longstreet, Culps Hill
Essays Related to The Battle of Gettysburg
The Killer AngelsThe Killer Angels Joseph E. Seguin Ms. Weis U.S. History AP 5 December 1996 THe Killer Angels Opinion and Commentary In the novel The Killer Angels, Mr. Shaara\'s historical accuracy is unquestionable. He has written this fabulous (Pulitzer Prize winning) novel. Although the heroic suicidal charge of the 10th Minnesotans on the second day of the battle was left out, Shaara focuses on Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and the 20th Maine which makes up for the lapse. It is safe to say that no ot
Battle Of GettysburgBattle Of Gettysburg Collin Greenwood Mr. Baker Honors History 24 April 2000 The Battle of Gettysburg “ The Turning Point of the Civil War Gettysburg was the turning point of the American Civil War. This is the most famous and important Civil War Battle that occurred over three hot summer days, July 3, 1863, around the small market town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. More importantly Gettysburg was the clash between the two major American Cultures of their time: the North and the South. The causes
GettysburgGettysburg The Battle of Gettysburg The beginning of the campaign of Gettysburg began after Lee won in Chancellorsville. He knew that if the South were to win a decisive battle in the North then European powers might shift in favor of the South and they might begin helping them. Lee also needed supplies and food for his army which the North had plenty of. Before Lee invaded though, he had to go to Richmond, Virginia and consult the President of the South, Jefferson Davis. It did not take much co
The Killer AngelsThe Killer Angels Joseph E. Seguin Ms. Weis U.S. History AP 5 December 1996 The Killer Angels Opinion and Commentary In the novel The Killer Angels, Mr. Shaara’s historical accuracy is unquestionable. He has written this fabulous (Pulitzer Prize winning) novel. Although the heroic suicidal charge of the 10th Minnesotans on the second day of the battle was left out, Shaara focuses on Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and the 20th Maine which makes up for the lapse. It is safe to say that no oth
Robert Edward LeeRobert Edward Lee Robert Edward Lee was born of two distinguished Virginia families. He was a devoted son, an outstanding Westpoint cadet, and an United States army officer for thirty two years. He graduated second in his class. Lee started his impressive Military career as a Lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. His first assignment was to work on the construction of Fort Pulaski in 1830 near Savannah, Georgia. Then in 1831 he was transferred to Fort Monroe, Virginia where he worked on harbor d
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that havDiscuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
THE CIVIL WARTHE CIVIL WAR Nathan Guenin 10-9-98 Pd. 7 SECTION I The Civil War took place between the years of 1861 and 1865. In 1862, Abraham Lincoln, a republican, was the President of the United States of America. His right hand man at Vice President was Hannibal Hamlin. The Secretary of War was Edwin M. Stanton, while Nathan Clifford was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Over in England, Queen Victoria sat at the head of the throne. SECTION II Andersonville Prison was a military stockade of the Con
AN OVERVIEW OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S LIFEAN OVERVIEW OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN\'S LIFE Abraham Lincoln was born Sunday, February 12, 1809, in a log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. He was the son of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, and he was named for his paternal grandfather. Thomas Lincoln was a carpenter and farmer. Both of Abraham\'s parents were members of a Baptist congregation which had separated from another church due to opposition to slavery. When Abraham was 7, the family moved to southern Indiana. Abraham had gone to school brief
Civil War Timeline - US HistoryCivil War Timeline - US History Fort Sumter Attacked April 12, 1861 - At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins. April 14, 1861. - Fort Sumter after its capture, showing damage from the Rebel bombardment of over 3000 shells and now flying the Rebel Stars and Bars April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus
The Civil WarThe Civil War a military conflict between the United States of America (the Union) and the Confederate States of America (the Confederacy) from 1861 to 1865. The American Civil War is sometimes called the War Between the States, the War of Rebellion, or the War for Southern Independence. It began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, and lasted until May 26, 1865, when the last Confederate army surrendered
The Battle of GettysburgThe Battle of Gettysburg Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great Civil War; testing whether this nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We have met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that this
Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, in a log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. He was the son of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, and he was named for his paternal grandfather. Thomas Lincoln was a carpenter and farmer. Both of Abraham\'s parents were members of a Baptist congregation that had separated from another church due to opposition to slavery. When Abraham was 7, the family moved to southern Indiana. Abraham had gone to school briefly in Kentucky and did so again
Civil WarCivil War A Discussion on the Myth and Failure of Reconstruction Following the Civil War, and How This Failure Impacted and Changed America Then And Now Reconstruction . . . Spell the word one way, with a small r , and it has a good American purposefulness; for it means a putting together, a rebuilding, a rehabilitation. Spell it another way, with a capital R , and it becomes for many a malediction; and for others an almost forgotten, unreached, and needful goal; and for still others a vaguely
The Battle of GettysburgThe Battle of Gettysburg This most famous and most important Civil War Battle occurred over three hot summer days, July 1 to July 3, 1863, around the small market town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It began as a skirmish but by the time it ended, it involved 160,00 Americans. Before the battle, major cities in the North such as Philadelphia, Baltimore and even Washington itself, were under threat of attack from General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia which had crossed the Po