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THANG LONG UNIVERSITY
DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE EAST AND THE WEST
INSTRUCTOR : Pr. NGUYỄN VĂN DjỘ
STUDENT NAME : NGUYỄN HOANG HIỆP
STUDENT CODE : A25812
In our world of decreasing geography and expanding technology, people of different cultures have increasing frequency of contact and they need effective communication on a daily basis. Although we learn and understand the grammar , the words, and recognize the language's pronunciation very well, we may still not know how to direct the greater problems of communication that are caused by cultural differences. Especially, Western and Eastern have similarities and differences about that problems.
The East is one of the four main points or directions of the scope . It is the opposite direction from the West . Eastern countries are Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Myanmar, Cambodia, Pakistan, Nepal, The Maldives, Thailand, Singapore, Japan, Macau, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, China, Sri Lanka.
The West is a term usually use for different nations, depending on the context , most often including at least from Europe . There are many accepted definitions about what they all have in common. Western includes Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, Vatican City.
Both West and East like all humans search for meaning and purpose of life. Many is said about the differences between East and West, but many less is said about similarities and parallels. Historically both philosophies seek the truth that the one through science and the other through spirituality. Treating people the way you would like to be treated was taught by both Confucius and Jesus Christ. Both West and East see the universe as consisting of elements as water, air, earth, metal and fire.
Besides, most of them agree that energy and there are other dimensions to other spirit world even though it might not be visible to our naked eye. They create the zodiac systems. The Western Zodiac ( Aries , Taurus , Gemini , Cancer , Leo , Virgo , Libra , Scorpio , Sagittarius , Capricorn , Aquarius , Pisces ) is based on twelve signs relating to twelve months of the year while the Eastern tradition has twelve animals based on the year of birth, followed by the lunar calendar. They used Parables to relate concepts. Both East and West believe that man is born with innate knowledge that just needs to be encouraged to pursue. They love their children and want to see them prosper. Especially, they pursue the meaning of good and evil. Easterners and Westerners have a hierarchy of needs as described in Maslow's theory of needs. They start from Physiological, security, belongingness, self-confidence and self-actualization.
In general the needs are the same but the method of finding answers and solutions are different with the East focus, being more complete and general while the West approving a scientific approach with focus on specific elements.
In the other hands, Eastern and Western have many differences. Firstly, Eastern and Western are different about the world views. While there are many ethnicities within the East and West, there are only two philosophies at the root of both. While the Eastern world-view was influenced and shaped by Confucius, Buddha and Lao Tzu, Ancient Greece with philosophers Plato, Socrates and Aristotle formed the foundation of Western culture.
Buddhist philosophy refers to the philosophical investigations and systems of inquiry that developed among various Buddhist schools in India following the death of the Buddha and later spread throughout Asia. Buddhism 's main concern has always been freedom from dukkha , and the path to that ultimate freedom consists in ethical action ( karma ), meditation and in direct insight into the nature of "things as they truly are". Indian Buddhists sought this understanding not just from the revealed teachings of the Buddha, but through philosophical analysis and rational
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