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Over the past Century, terrorism has evolved from random killings to massive
plans for terrorist groups. To understand terrorism you must first describe it.
There have been many different definitions of terrorism. The one that truly
describes it is; Terrorism can not specifically describe terrorism because
people will interpret it differently. Many experts believe that terrorism is an
abstract concept with no essence, a single definition cannot account for all the
possible uses of the term, many different definitions share common elements, the
meaning of terrorism derives from the victim of target. Even with no definite
conclusion terrorism can be divided into 5 categories: Simple Violence or
threatened violence intended to produce fear or change. Legal Criminal violence
violating legal codes and punishable by the state. Analytical Specific political
and social factors behind individual terrorist acts. State-sponsored Terrorist
groups used by small states and the Communist bloc to attack western interests.
State Power of the government used to terrorize its people into submission. With
the definitions described one can now put a terrorist organization into a
specific group. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is an analytical
terrorist group, even though they can be part of each. The PLO was created in
1964 during a meeting known as the Palestinian Congress. This was an effort to
give a voice to the many Palestinians that were located in refugee camps in
Lebanon. The leader of the group is one of the most recognized terrorists in the
world, Yasser Arafat. It did not take long for sub-divisions to break off of the
PLO. Most of these groups felt they could better achieve Palestinian liberation.
The most notable of these groups were the Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine, Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Popular
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command, and al-Fatah.
The PLO changed its main theory to the destruction of the state of Israel in
1967. This caused massive terrorist acts against Israel, which resulted in
hundreds of casualties on both sides. In 1974 the PLO changed into not just a
terrorist group to a group which included political elements. Some members of
the PLO did not like this idea and founded another sub-division called the
Rejectionist Front. At this time Arafat took over all control of the PLO. Arafat
provided support for highjacking a major cruise ship. With help from the PLF
they took the passengers hostage. In cowardly act members shot to death a
wheelchair-bound Jewish man named Leon Klinghoffer. This formed a new meaning to
the world terrorist. After many years of terrorism, Arafat ceased all terrorist
acts by the PLO on September 9, 1993. This was the end of the PLO and all their
sub-divisions. Another major terrorist organization is the Provisional Irish
Republican Army (PIRA). This group was founded in 1969 under the armed wing of
Sinn Fein. "Sinn Fein is a legal political movement dedicated to removing
British forces from Northern Ireland and unifying Ireland. Activities that the
PIRA carried out were bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, extortion, and
robberies. Before its 1994 cease-fire, targets included senior British
Government officials, British military and police in Northern Ireland, and
Northern Irish Loyalist paramilitary groups. Since breaking its cease-fire in
February 1996, IRA\'s operations have included bombing campaigns against train
and subway stations and shopping areas on mainland Britain, British military and
Royal Ulster Constabulary targets in Northern Ireland, and a British military
facility on the European Continent." The PIRA had a few different names,
the Provo\'s and the IRA. They, the Catholics, wanted Britain out of Northern
Ireland and were going to anything to achieve their goal. Here is the group
structure for many if not all terrorist organizations: I. Command II. Active
cadre III. Active supporters IV. Passive Supporters I. Command - the leadership,
makes policy and plans while provides general direction. II. Active cadre - the
terrorists, responsible for carrying out the mission of the organization. III.
Active supporters - largest internal group and most important. They keep
terrorists in the field by providing safe houses, intelligence, logistical
needs, and maintain communications channels. IV. Passive supporters - difficult
to identify and characterize, represent a favorable element of the political
climate. Most people think that most terrorist acts are taking people hostage.
This is not the case. Only 2 % of all terrorist acts are hostage situations. The
most acts terrorists participate in are bombings; they account for 46% of
terrorist acts. The rest of the numbers are like this; attacking - 24%,
assassinations - 10, highjacking - 12, kidnapping - 6. These figures were
accumulated from 1963-1993. Some may ask, what do people do
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National liberation movements, Terrorism, Palestinian terrorism, Palestine Liberation Organization, Resistance movements, Definitions of terrorism, State-sponsored terrorism, Yasser Arafat, Counter-terrorism, State terrorism, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine General Command, Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
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