Teguh Damanik
Old World and New World
Henry James was an American born British writer. He is regarded as one of the key figures of 19th century literary realism . He is best known for a number of novels showing Americans encountering Europe and Europeans. His method of writing from a character's point of view allowed him to explore issues related to HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness" \o "Consciousness" consciousness and HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception" \o "Perception" perception , and his style in later works has been compared to HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impressionism" \o "Impressionism" impressionist painting . His imaginative use of HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Point_of_view_%28literature%29" \o "Point of view (literature)" point of view , interior monologue and unreliable narrators brought a new depth to HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narrative" \o "Narrative" narrative fiction. One of the well known n ovella s from Henry James is " Daisy Miller ".
" Daisy Mille r" is a HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novella" \o "Novella" novella by HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_James" \o "Henry James" Henry James that first appeared in HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornhill_Magazine" \o "Cornhill Magazine" Cornhill Magazine in June-July 1878, and in book form the following year . " Daisy Miller "  tells the tale of a young girl, Daisy Miller, who travels around Europe unchaperoned. The story is filtered through the narrative point of view of Frederick Winterbourne, a 27 year-old American who resides in Geneva, Switzerland.
Daisy is outspoken, and straightforward, and flouts prevailing European customs and traditions, to the dismay of sophisticated Americans, like Mrs. Walker and Mrs. Costello, living in Europe. Although  " Daisy Miller "  might be construed as a story about a young innocent woman, the story is really about a teenage American girl who rebels against the rigid British patriarchal values. Daisy Miller is not a he lpless female gothic character . she is an independent, freedom loving heroine.
The story began In Vevey, Switzerland, a young American expatriate, Winterbourne, meets attractive, enigmatically naive Daisy Miller, an American traveling with her mother. Finding Daisy refreshing, Winterbourne escorts her to the Castle of Chillon. This outing annoys his aunt, Mrs. Costello, who believes Daisy to be uncouth and dangerous to the established social code. Meeting again in Rome, Winterbourne escorts Daisy on a walk with her new Italian acquaintance, Giovanelli, but the stroll is interrupted by Mrs. Walker, another American expatriate, who feels Daisy is ruining her reputation by associating with the handsome Giovanelli.
Daisy rejects Mrs. Walker's advice, and is subsequently shunned by American society in Rome. After a harsh exchange of words with Winterbourne, Daisy pays a rash evening visit to the Colosseum. As a result, she falls ill with fever and dies a week later. At her grave, Giovanelli assures Winterbourne of Daisy's innocence and Winterbourne realizes his love for the dead American girl, his premature judgment of her, and his own blindness in the face of European convention.
In many early works James drew from personal experience and observation to focus on per haps his most celebrated theme " T he conflict between European and American culture " . " Daisy Miller is his best-known story in this vein . T he title character is a young American woman oblivious to the social codes of the Old World. She is contrasted with the American expatriate character of Winterbourne, a man who harshly judges Daisy's alleged social transgressions at the expense of his love for her. His complex and deft portrayal is considered essential to understanding the tension between old and new, conventionality and individuality, Europe and America, and appearance and reality in the novella.
An interesting aspect of this novel is the setting. From the beginning of the book, the author makes a great introduction by situating the action, placing the reader slowly in the situation. Firstly the location is being named: "At the little town in Veney, in Switzerland", so, the place is set. The narrative technique used by the author in the first paragraphs is a very interesting one. The image is firstly enlarged and then slowly with every word, the background converges, persisting on the description of the hotel and the tourist, ending by setting the time: "a beautiful summer morning" and then concentrating on one of the novel's character: Winterbourne.
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