Taiwan


China has goals in relation to Taiwan. They ultimately want Taiwan and mainland China to become “One China”. To do this they must not only use military force. They need to utilise other forms of power.


Taiwan was effectively under Manchu rule from the 17th century, until 1885, from which it was a province of the Qing Dynasty rule. In 1845 the Japanese took control of Taiwan, and this began with the Treaty of Simonoseki. In 1943 the Cairo Conference returned Taiwan to the Chinese. The Taiwanese people were initially happy with this change in ruler, but soon were disheartened. The Chinese proved to be as harsh as the Japanese.


China wants Taiwan as part of their “one China” policy. China want Taiwan to become part of the nation of China for Nationalism reasons, that is, they want to reunify China, economic reasons (Taiwan is a very successful province), and strategic/political reasons. Taiwan wants democratic independence from the years of rule by Japan, China, etc. They do not want to be part of China. The U.S.A. want to support China and keep relations with them peaceful, (strategic/political), however, they are totally against any kind of military action by China against Taiwan.


The ways that China has gone about achieving their goals are military tactics and diplomatic tactics; they launched missiles off the coast of Taiwan in 1996 as a waning to Taiwan. The Chinese president also releases propaganda statements regarding Taiwan, basically warning their president or any presidential candidates against speaking about republican votes and stirring the waters with the Taiwanese people. The Chinese also use political tactics to achieve their goals, they try to isolate Taiwan from the rest of the world, not allowing them in the United Nations, and not allowing other nations, such as the U.S.A. have political talks with Taiwan. Taiwan uses propaganda also, in that their presidential candidates before an election talk about independence from China. They also use economic tactics; they supply aid to smaller nations. The U.S.A. uses diplomatic tactics to achieve their goals, such as the talk held by U.S. president Bush and Chinese president Wen Jiabao in 2001, and they use treaties and alliances with both Taiwan and China to achieve their goals.


To achieve their goals in relation to Taiwan, China needs to explore other means than just military force. The use of military force is not looked upon positively by the U.S, and just military force will not achieve anything but deaths of both Taiwanese and Chinese people. Other forms of power that China needs to explore are coercion and persuasion. Types of persuasion and coercion are diplomacy, which involves visits, talks, and cultural exchanges on the positive side, and vetos, threats and sanctions on the negative side. China are already holding talks with the U.S. but they may need to look at holding talks with Taiwan, rather than just using threats and vetos, which they are currently. Another instrument of foreign policy is propaganda, which China again are already doing, but once more they need to look at more of a positive side, as this puts Taiwan on guard and makes them very defensive. Economic strategies are another form of foreign policy, such as aid and trade agreements on the positive side, and sanctions and trade barriers on the negative side. Yet again China is already doing the negative things and are imposing sanctions on Taiwan. The last instrument of foreign policy is military, which China are already looking at doing, at least the negative military tactics, such as war threats. It is obvious that China is looking at the negative ways to achieve their goals of making China part of one nation of China. This means that the U.S.A. will be unhappy with the way China is doing things, and Taiwan will constantly feel threatened by China. If China continues down this path of military threats and force, there will be many issues caused in this trilateral relationship between China, U.S.A. and Taiwan.