There must be some problems existing in every society. Such problems may exist in the areas of education, commerce, housing, politics, transportation, agriculture, health, and communication. The government is always observed to be formulating policies towards responding to the goals of growth, the well-being of citizens as well as national development to be in a position to solve such like p roblems as they may be present at any given time. This is of great significance because if efforts are not made towards finding a solution to these challenges as they are arising, they are likely to degenerate to stages that cannot be controlled resulting into endangering of the growth and development of the economy of the society. The 193 member states of the United States in September came to an agreement to embrace the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda which was a global blueprint for the economic, social as well as environmental transformation for 15 years. There are 17 goals at the heart of the agenda including the Sustainable Development Goals ranging from addressing the most critical issues of the world such as eradication of poverty and crea ting of a resilient environment. Some of the sustainable development objectives have faced difficulties in their translation into well-defined policy goals to achieve their targets. This research paper would delve into a discussion through drawing the ideas of Jakarta's drive of achieving the SDGs of the impossibility of transforming the global policy goals like the SDGs into effective policy goals, targets, and objectives at both the local and the national level.
The 2030 Agenda is coming to life more than its predecessor on a planet that is increasingly getting urbanized, with fifty-five percent of the population of the world currently living in the cities. By 2050 this number has been projected to shall have increased to 66 percent. As a result, the 17 objectives with their 169 targets are deeply associated in the cities which are forming the sites of sustainable development. Some of the sources are providing information that approximately 65 percent of the agenda of the SDG is dependent on the work being undertaken by the local actors particularly those residing in the city centers.
The world leaders adopted the Sustainable Development Goals agenda at the UN Summit. The breadth and the extent of the commitment this global agreement is shown through quoting the outcome of the UN document concerning the SDGs. It outlines a broad range of social, environmental as well as economic objectives alongside the continuing priorities in development like in eradication of poverty, food security, nutrition, health, and education. It also offers a promise to a society that is all inclusive and more peaceful. At the same time, it provides a definition of the crucial means of implementing such SDGs. The question that would arise is where to start from. Mainstreaming the SDGs into the plans of the national development and beginning to work from this instance would be the obvious answer. All the objectives and sub-objectives would be deemed as equally significant. But since the Sustainable Development Goals are long term in nature and medium, it would be very sensible to undertake the delineation of the long-standing development, opportunities, and challenges of Indonesia.
The SDGs effectively got formalized in January in 2016, and for the past half of the year, nations and cities have already started figuring out what they required to undertake towards responding to the newly established mandates. For the next fifteen years, the intergovernmental body HLPF would take the responsibility of tracking the progress that they are experiencing. However, Indonesia has achieved much since the beginning of 1998. The growth of the economy has improved the welfare and transformed the economy, facilitating a stronger democracy coupled with political stability. However, new opportunities are abounding, and some development challenges are remaining.
The local authorities are always at the center stage of undertaking most of the goals relating to sustainable development. Making sure that the residents are safe, enhancing their security and livelihood is their regular job. The stakeholder s would need to be taken into account regarding the policies of development at the regional, national and global levels