Stone Angel and Fifth Business - Guilt


Every piece of literature that has been written uses words, which have concrete meaning
in everyday life. As a result of that it cannot ever be completely abstract. Theme is what sustains its link with living, by giving it a topic or idea that extends it beyond the aesthetic, and unites it with the preoccupation of humanity. A work can have one theme or many, and Margaret Laurence\'s and Davies Robertson\'s essential humanism makes it very inevitable that in this respect their novels are multifaceted. In their novels The Stone Angel and The Fifth Business the main characters Hagar Shipley and Dunny Ramsay through the birth, lack of feelings and escape from the family have undergone similar feelings of guilt through their whole lives.
First of all, Dunny the main character of The Fifth Business, for whom the snowball was intended, feels extremely guilty because he knew that Percy Staunton with whom he had earlier a fight, would throw one final snowball at him before he goes into the house for supper. To avoid the coming snowball he dodges around pregnant Mrs. Dempster who at the same time gets hit on the head, causing her great pain. Dunny is just reaching puberty and listening to his mother\'s reports on the premature birth of Paul Dempster gave him the sense that he is directly involved in it. Furthermore, he has been raised in a strict Presbyterian household that has encouraged him to feel guilty about almost every lapse of duty.
So at the beginning of the two novels the reader learns that the first feeling of guilt that the two main characters share is a birth of one of the characters presented in the novels. In The Stone Angel Hagar blamed herself for being born, because it was she that caused her mother\'s death. She felt that it should be her who should die not her mother. In The Fifth Business the main character Dunny felt really guilty for dodging a snowball that hit pregnant Mrs. Dempster. He knew that the snowball was thrown by Percy Staunton at him. "I was perfectly sure, you see, that the birth of Paul Dempster, so small, so feeble and troublesome, was my fault" (Davies 22) Ramsay blamed himself for not letting it hit him and a reader can receive the message in this quote said by him, "I was contrite and guilty, for what I knew that the snowball had been meant for me" (Davies 11) Maybe this incident didn\'t have any similarity to Hagar\'s birth yet, but later on in this novel it is known that it was the cause to Mrs. Dempster\'s son premature birth. Dunny\'s guilt got even greater that it had been. Now he feels obliged to take care of Mrs. Dempster and her son, he decides to play with him and even teach him his magic tricks. He was not able to get over the snowball incident as Hagar couldn\'t stand the fact she was the cause of her mother\'s death. Hagar didn\'t like mentioning that subject and when she did she quickly changed to another, "Auntie Doll...had been with us since my birth." (Davies 4) She didn\'t like to tell anyone about her mom\'s death, "He did not marry after our mother died..." (Laurance 14) Hagar was ashamed of it and that\'s why the reader can figure out by going further into the book that she felt guilty for what had happened. That\'s why Mrs. Curie is not mentioned in this book so many times.
Secondly, both main characters blamed themselves for being not able to express emotions to their family or their friends. Hagar could not comfort his dying brother Dan. She did not want to put on her mother\'s shawl. Despite, her brother, Matt\'s begging she did not do it, " \'Hagar-put it on and hold for a while.\' I stiffened and drew away my hands. \'I can\'t. Oh Matt , I\'m sorry, but I can\'t, I can\'t. I\'m not a bit like her.\' " (Laurance 21) Hagar did not want to play a person whom she did not know and being her own mother was beyond her. Similar situation occurred to Ramsay when he was in love with Leola Cruikshank, a