Stanlislovski\'s System: Concepts on Acting


The Elements of Style, as described by Sonia More in her simplified view
of the Stanlislavski System, are clear rudimentary concepts designed to help
actors achieve a profound and truthful portrayal of their character on the stage
through personal connection with their character. These concepts are designed
as tools for the actor so that he may connect to a character or situation on the
stage that he otherwise would not be able to connect with.
As Sonia Moore put it, Stanlislovski knew that an actor\'s mind, will,
and emotions must participate in the creation of a live human being on the stage.
He also understood that it is impossible for people to turn their thoughts and
emotions on and off as if by a switch. He also knew that no actor coming on
stage without any reason for experiencing emotions would be unable to do so
without some connection, or bridge, to the personal and emotional response of
their character. So Stanlislovski designed tool for the actor to use to help
him connect with the emotional and physical world of his character.
Such concepts as The Magic If is a clear example of a tool an actor
could use to connect himself the life of the character. The Magic If, simply
guides the actor to ask the simple question: "What would I do if I were in my
character position?" By asking this question of himself the actor can
personalize the given circumstances of the character. The situation of the
character becomes more personal, and the stakes much higher, because the actor
has divulged some particular issues of himself into the character. Due to these
particularities the actor will work out the given circumstance of the character
in a much more truthful manner. Even in acting the old saying goes: "You cannot
really know someone until you walk a mile in their shoes." This concept of The
Magic If also plays a big part in another Element of Action -Imagination.
Imagination is another tool that allows the actor to build a substantial
relationship with his character by creating the very universe in which his
character resides. Through this artistic imagination the actor can create the
past, present, and future of the character. The actor, in essence, could play
God wherein the character is concerned apart from given circumstances or the
circumstances that exist within the play. This artistic imagination is being
used to give thoughts and feeling to the character being portrayed by simply
infusing honesty and truthfulness into the actor\'s performance.
There are other Element\'s of Actions that guide the actor to form
precise, logical and honest connections to the character he is portraying --
Emotional Memory and Tempo-Rhythm for instance. However, the duality of the
Elements of Action are in the ways they connect the actor to the emotional state
of his character, as well as the physical reality of the story, the audience,
and the other characters that exist in the story. In the same as there are
Elements of Action that connect the actor to the emotional side of the character,
there are also those that connect the actor to the physical elements of acting
and the physical element of the character. There are also concepts designed to
let the actor explore the relationship between characters, and the character\'s
relation as it exist within an ensemble. An example of this would be Adaptation.

Adaptation is an Element of Action that is really the overcoming of an
obstacle to achieve personal aim. Adaptation is being perceived as the personal
choices the actor make in regard to his character while responding to outside
stimulus. By placing the Who, What, When, Where, and Why, into his movements,
the actor can achieve logic and definition to his movements or motivations. The
actor must know what his character is doing, and where his character is doing it
in order for him to properly motivate his movements to fit his actions. This is
so the actor will not appear to be moving just for the sake of moving. This
precise movement is what the actors use to work around the given circumstances
of the play.
Given Circumstances are all that the actor encounters while he creates a
role. Given Circumstance could be the coming together of all external factor.
These factors are the concepts that must come into play while shaping the
confines of a character. How we behave or act depends solely on the environment
in which we exist. The actor must consider the Given Circumstance in order for
the character to exist truthfully in