Software Piracy and it\'s Effects

Identification and Description of the Issue

Copyright law are perhaps those laws which are breached the most by individual
on a daily bases. This is because one might not know be informed about these law
or because not much is done to enforce these law. Also some countries of the
world have no Copyright laws. Software Piracy is a breach of a copyright law as
one copies data contained on the medium on to another medium without the consent
of the owner of the Software. When one buy a software one buys not the software
content and therefore it isn\'t ones property. Instead one buy the license to use
the software with accordance to the licensing agreement. Software companies
invest a lot of time and money in creating a Software and the company rely upon
the sales of the Software for it\'s survival. If illegal copies are made of
Software the companies earns no money and could therefore be forced into
bankruptcy. Software Piracy can be compared to robbing as one is stealing the
goods of someone else and using it without paying for it. Up to 13 Billions
dollars are lost in computer piracy yearly and in order to overcome these cost
the company are force to rise the prices of their product. Brand name are
properties of their respected companies and they have the right to protect their

Understanding of the IT background of the Issue

Software is contained on disc or on a CD-ROM. Pirates copy can easily be made of
Software on disc by copying from one disc to another disc. For CD-ROM one needs
a CD-ROM burner or one copies the content onto a large hard disc and then on to
a floppy disc. There are some underground bulletin boards ( BBS ) that contain
pirate software. A user who logs on to one of these BBS can download Full
version of Pirate Software provided one too can give something in return. On
the Internet there are binary Newsgroup such as alt.binaries.warez, WWW pages
and FTP sites that also contain Pirate Software. On the Newsgroup the Files are
send upon request from anonymous users. As a result people who have access to
the Internet can retrieve these Software Program free of charge. The person
posting the Pirate software could be from a countries that has no copyright laws.
These methods used in Software Piracy are hard to stop because of the fact it is
done on the Internet and between individual form different counties. Buying one
legitimate copy of a Software package and then offering it over an internal
network so that it can be accessed by more than one individual at the same time
on different computer is another form of Software Piracy.

Analysis of the Impact of the Issue

Software program is a service just like any other service the difference that
this service come on a medium from which one can make copies. Software are could
be judged as begin expensive but one wants them but doesn\'t want to pay for it
or can\'t afford to therefore one could be judged as begin a theft. Office 97
from Microsoft required 3 years to develop and Microsoft invested Millions of
Dollars. Microsoft will rely upon legitimate sale of this product for income and
upon that judge on future versions of their product. If people don\'t pay for the
program but make pirate copy Microsoft doesn\'t earn a cent and therefore could
be force not to make future version of the product. This would mean that the
Computer Industry growth would be halted and that one will not be expecting
newer technology on Software as the Companies will not have the initiative to
bring out better product if the don\'t get anything out of it. Unfortunately many
people aren\'t able to see these as many pirates copies are made but also more
importantly also used. Society doesn\'t see Software Pirates as thieves or
criminals that could be because one to makes illegal copies in order not to pay.
In Economical these means that if a companies can\'t make money it will
eventually have to go bankrupt these would mean that people will lose their jobs.

Solution to Problems arising from the Issue

Software piracy will have to be fought on 2 different levels the first level
will be the political and the second one will be on the technological level. On
the political level one will have to pass tougher legislation against Software
pirates. Also the government should makes regulation with other governments on
Software piracy and encouraging them