Socrates and Maintaining a Harmony What is Right and Expression of Opinions

Socrates has thoroughly justified his own decision to obey the opinions of the
majority and serve out the sentence that his own city has deemed appropriate
for his crimes. At the beginning of this piece, Socrates has presented a
period of questions and answers through dialogue with Crito. Throughout the
dialogue Socrates is explaining his reasoning for not running from the
government. Crito does not understand the madness of Socrates, Crito will do
whatever it takes to help his friend to flee, instead of being exiled by the
government. AI do not think that what you are doing is right, to give up your
life when you can save it, and to hasten your fate as your enemies would hasten
it, and indeed have hastened it in their wish to destroy you.@(Crito p.58c)

Throughout the begining of the dialog, Crito is expressing his feelings of why
he believes Socrates should flee from the city. Crito makes many valid points
on why he disagrees with Socrates decision to bare this misfortune. Crito
offers to do on not fleeingbeing majorints expressing to Socrates, that a man
as courageous as Socrates and who has lived his life through virtue . AYou seem
to me to choose the easiest path, whereas one should choose the path a good and
courageous man would choose, particularly when one claims throughout one\'s life
to care for virtue.@(Crito p.59d) Through the dialogue the questions and
answers within Socrates and Crito establish to major themes in which hold true
throughout the work. The first being that a person must decide whether the
society in which one lives has a just reasoning behind it\'s own standards of
right and wrong. The second being, that a person must have pride in the life
that he or she leads. In establishing basic questions of these two concepts,
Socrates has precluded his own circumstance and attempted to prove to his
companion Crito, that the choice that he has made is just. AI am the kind of
man who listens only to the argument that on reflection seems best to me. I
cannot, now that this fate has come upon me, discard the arguments I used; they
seen to me much the same.@(Crito p.59b) The introduction of this work has
also provided the concept that it is our society or majority that has dictated
what is considered virtuous action. According to Socrates we have been given
every opportunity to reject our society and renounce what it has stood for and
against. ANot one of our laws raises any obstacle or forbids him, if he is not
satisfied with us or the city, if one of you wants to go and live in a colony or
wants to go anywhere else, and keep his property.@ (Crito p.63d) Socrates
states; that making a conscious choice or effort to remain under the influence
of a society is an unconscious agreement with that society to live your life by
it\'s standards and virtues.

Socrates states after establishing his own agreement with his city\'s virtues
that he believes in the validity of the decision imposed upon himself. He
states that his decision is justified by the fact that the laws and governing
agents of the society must command a certain degree of respect. Any person who
would unjustly disobey these laws creates a deliberate attempt to destroy them,
as well as, the society which has imposed them. For example; AHowever, that
whoever of you remains when he sees how we conduct our trials and manage the
city in other ways, has in fact come to an agreement with us to obey our
instructions.@ (Crito p.63e) If the decisions of the city\'s governing agents
are not thoroughly respected as just and cohesive parts of society, the very
structure by which the society stands is subject to collapse. If a person is
found to be in violation of what his or her society stands for and does not
accept the consequences for his or her actions, then there can not be a system
of law in place to create order. A You must either persuade it or obey its
orders, and endure in silence whatever it instructs you to endure, whether
blows or bonds, and if it leads you into war or be wounded or killed you must
obey.@(Crito p.63b) The society in which a person lives creates a mutual
relationship in which every person in that society is indebted to, if he or she
willingly accepts that society for their own.

Following along