This essay Social Darwinism has a total of 583 words and 3 pages.
Social Darwinism is a concept that has been used in past organizations and systems of governments to label certain patterns, within society. In today’s modern society, people are categorized according to their traits, skills, and principles. Social Darwinism calls this social selection; the more intelligent, skilled, and self controlled one is, the more likely they are to survive. This example has repeated itself throughout history in many different cultures. The result is almost always the same, the more fit a person is to societies mold; the more likely they are to succeed in life.
This concept is very present in today’s society and has been in past societies. In modern day, the most successful beings are those who are in the wealthier percentile of the population. Because of this wealth, they are more likely to be ambitious in life, which in turn, causes them to make wiser decisions for themselves, which will not hinder nor destroy their comfortable, decadent lifestyles.
There are many social scientists who have conducted tests and theories on this subject. D. Colin Wells wrote a conference paper entitled “Social Darwinism.” He applied the Darwinism Evolutionary Theory to the investigation of the manner in which social institutions and doctrines influence the survival of certain groups (Hawkins, 1997). This brought about the question of what kinds of people were favored by society. Wells thought that modern conditions reversed natural selection. He mostly blamed this on political and social development; for example, taxation, trade unions, and education for women. These were all factors that facilitated the postponement of marriage and small families among the worthier and wealthier percentages of society (Hawkins, 1997). Stoddard’s point of view was closely related to wells’. He believed civilization as a whole was what substituted social selection for natural selection. He thought elite qualities were not hereditary, but caused by civilization. Another one of his major points was that slowly, intelligence is being breed out of American society. The successful wait to have kids later in life, while the “unfit” have many kids, earlier decreasing their chance of becoming successful at all. According to Stoddard, there are two solutions to this. One is eugenics, which is “improved social selection based on natural law.” The other is by being “eugenic conscious,” which is to compel the wealthier to have lager families, and think of duties not rights (Hawkins, 1997). Lapouge identified several types of social selection. First, he discussed political selection, which was functioning through civil wars, exile, and persecution. In other words, war eliminated the weak indivuals. The next topic was religion, especially Catholicism, caused by celibacy, which regulated corrupt people reproducing. The third type discussed was moral selection. He thought prudish norms and prohibitions hindered reproductive activities. Lastly, Lapouge discussed economic selection, which favored an aristocracy whose wealth opened up opportunities that might never otherwise be available to them (Hawkins, 1997).
In conclusion, most of these theories and concepts are proven true in society’s favorism among its citizens. Especially, in America the wealthy succeed on both moral and intelligent grounds, compared to those who have less money. The entire concept is cyclical. The wealthy possess more options; for example, an ambitious, successful man will have a child who would attend a school where moral principles are valued and taught, and where intelligence and ambition is enforced. In turn, the child will cherish high morals, thus making wise decisions; increasing his or her chance of succeeding in life.
Topics Related to Social Darwinism
Herbert Spencer, Biological evolution, Liberalism, Evolutionary biology, Darwinism, Evolution, Natural selection, Georges Vacher de Lapouge
Essays Related to Social Darwinism
Edward James HughesEdward James Hughes Edward James Hughes is one of the most outstanding living British poets. In 1984 he was awarded the title of the nation\'s Poet Laureate. He came into prominence in the late fifties and early sixties, having earned a reputation of a prolific, original and skilful poet, which he maintained to the present day. Ted Hughes was born in 1930 in Yorkshire into a family of a carpenter. After graduating from Grammar School he went up to Cambridge to study English, but later changed to
Ted Hughes, Britain's Poet LaureateTed Hughes, Britain\'s Poet Laureate Edward James Hughes is one of the most outstanding living British poets. In 1984 he was awarded the title of the nation\'s Poet Laureate. He came into prominence in the late fifties and early sixties, having earned a reputation of a prolific, original and skilful poet, which he maintained to the present day. Ted Hughes was born in 1930 in Yorkshire into a family of a carpenter. After graduating from Grammar School he went up to Cambridge to study English, but
Creative Writing: John Griffith BiographyCreative Writing: John Griffith Biography Let me put this heavy load down and take some of these bulky clothes off and I\'ll tell you about how I became a short story and novel writer. My name is John Griffith London. But I like to be called Jack. I was born in San Francisco in 1876. Most of my childhood I was very poor. I had to help my parents earn a living by doing odd jobs. I delivered papers, worked on ice- wagons, cleaned up bowling alleys, helped in the cannery and only made ten cents an
Charles Darwin and Herbert SpencerCharles Darwin and HerbertSpencer Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, revolutionized biology with his theory of evolution through the process of natural selection. HerbertSpencer was the major philosopher of biological and social evolution. Spencer\'s work significantly influenced 19th century developments in biology, psychology, sociology and anthropology. While Darwin was influential in the fields of natural history and geology, his theory of evolution created great controversy. He changed
John Griffith LondonJohn Griffith London Let me put this heavy load down and take some of these bulky clothes off and I\'ll tell you about how I became a short story and novel writer. My name is John Griffith London. But I like to be called Jack. I was born in San Francisco in 1876. Most of my childhood I was very poor. I had to help my parents earn a living by doing odd jobs. I delivered papers, worked on ice-wagons, cleaned up bowling alleys, helped in the cannery and only made ten cents an hour. I usually worked
Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism Survival of the fittest is a phrase most commonly associated with Charles Darwin\'s Theory of Evolution that was published in 1859. An English philosopher by the name of HerbertSpencer, applied Darwin\'s theory to society, hence creating Social Darwinism. Spencer believed that a person such as an artisan, who is poor and suffering, should not have to exist and they should not be helped. In fact, he believed that if a wealthy person were to help a poor artisan, the wealthy per
Jack LondonJack London Jack London was born January 12, 1876 in San Francisco California. Jack’s parents’ were Flora Wellman and William Chaney. Flora had grown up wealthy in Ohio. As a child Flora was stricken with thyroid fever which stunned her growth and ruined her looks. In June 1874 Flora started living with astrologer William Chaney. In the summer of 1875 when Flora told Chaney that she was pregnant Chaney panicked and told Flora to leave his home at once. Flora took an overdose of opium. When that
Plessy vs. FergusonPlessy vs. Ferguson America, the melting pot of the world. In the United States, we live by the words life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. As well, it is decreed upon our Constitution that all men are created equal. However, this is not so. Our past has denied people of certain colour opportunities. But with the passage of affirmative actions, there was a hope that opportunities would open for the underprivileged minorities. Though affirmative tries to help minorities, it still is vilifi
Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution The new industrial age was even more important than the first one. What made this new industrial age so special compared to the first one, were invention like the light bulb. This new light bulb, for which Thomas Edison was made so famous for lasted longer than any others invented before it. The new light bulb didn’t produce a blinding light and it was totally silent. But, the light bulb couldn’t have been without the new usage of electric power. Electric power not only pro
Yukon JackYukon Jack The short lived life of Jack London is a direct reflection of his literary works major theme, the struggle for survival of strong men driven by primitive emotions. “To Build A Fire” and White Fang are two of his works that coincide his life experiences and illustrate his literary theme. London was born the illegitimate son of W.H. Chaney and Flora Wellmen in 1876. He never saw his biological father and his mother had little to do with him. Eight months after his birth, his mother marr
The New Woman The New Woman Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in a rail car for whites only. A supreme court case that established the doctrine of separate but equal is equal and upheld a Louisiana law requiring blacks and whites occupy separate rail cares. It was applied to schools in Cumming vs. County Board of Education in 1899. It was a setback for black rights until the doctrine was finally overturned in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. It was used as precede