Sixties

The Sixties were an extremely exciting and revolutionary time of great social
and

technological change. The changes throughout this era included:
assassination, unforgettable

fashions in clothing, new music styles, civil rights, gay and women’s
liberation, a controversial

war in Vietnam, the first man landing on the moon, peace marches, World
Fairs, flower power,

great TV and film and sexual freedom. Throughout the sixties you will find
many great

memories including: the Kennedy’s, the Space Program, Woodstock, Martin
Luther King’s

movements, and artists such as, the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix, Peter,
Paul, and Mary,

The Doors, Led Zeppelin, The Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, and the Stones.

The 35th president to the United States of America, was the youngest ever to
be elected.

John F. Kennedy held office between the years of 1961 and 1963. He was
assassinated before he

completed his third year as president, and the nation went into great morning
for the one of the

most popular presidents of all time. His achievements, in both foreign and
domestic affairs, were

therefore limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, his handling
during the Cuban

Missile Crisis may have very well prevented war. The youth of America admired
him, and

perhaps no other president was ever so well liked by the majority of the
population. Kennedy

brought with him to the presidency an awareness of cultural and historical
traditions of the U.S.

Because Kennedy’s time in office eloquently represented the values of the
20th century America,

his presidency had an importance beyond its legislative and political
achievements Hours after

Kennedy’s assassination, Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office as the new
president of the

United States. Johnson served from 1963 to 1969. He was one of the most
masterful politicians

in the history of the Congress of the United States. He was not an innovator
of programs or

ideas, however he excelled in getting things done. In foreign affairs,
Johnson pursued the basic

postwar policy of containing Communism. Johnson also reflected many great
values of the era,

and was considered a well liked president.

The sixties was a time of enormous change in civil rights in the U. S. In the
early 1950\'s,

racial segregation in public schools was the norm across America. Although
all schools in a

given district were suppose to be equal, most black schools were far inferior
to the white

counterparts. During 1951 and 1952, the Brown vs. Board of Education trial
took place. This

movement was for segregation in schools to be demolished. The Supreme Court’s
Brown vs.

Board of Education decision did not abolish segregation in other public
areas. It did however,

declare permissive and mandatory segregation that existed in 21 states
unconstitutional. It was a

giant step towards desegregation of public schools. Even partial
desegregation of these schools,

however, was still very far away, as would soon become apparent In 1955,
Montgomery had a

municipal law which required all black citizens to ride in the back of city
buses. On December

1st of that year, Rosa Parks, a forty-two year old seamstress, refused to
give her seat up for a

white passenger, and was therefore arrested for this act. Montgomery’s
black community saw

this incident as an opportunity to stage a protest against the city’s
segregation laws. Led by

Martin Luther King Jr, the “father” of the civil rights movements, the
boycott of using city buses

lasted until 1956. In November of 1956, the Supreme Court declared
segregation on city buses

unconstitutional. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a very significant event in
the civil rights

movement that spanned the 1960\'s. The boycott was important because it caught
the attention of

the whole nation, and set the tone for the whole civil rights movement.
Martin Luther King Jr,

was given leadership within the national movement, and it also showed that
the nonviolent

method of protest was effective.

All throughout history, very few people can recall a period of time when the
United

States of America has not been at war or in conflict with another country.
One of the longest

spanning wars, was the Cold War, which consisted of political and economical
disagreements

after WWII between the United States and the former Soviet Union (USSR).
Before this time,

they had been allies and a direct military conflict had not occur between the
two superpowers.

However, many intense economic and diplomatic struggles did erupt. The
development of the

Cold War can be traced through several events in world history, the Berlin
Blockade, the

Marshall Plan, and also the Cuban Missile Crisis. The seeds for tensions
between these two

countries were planted before World War II, so an exact cause of the war is
difficult to pin point.

The Marshall plan was to help Europe rebuild itself, while the U. S. also
profited greatly. The

Soviet Union, however, wanted to give aid to Europe by instilling the
influence of communism.

Therefore the Soviet Union opposed the Marshall Plan.