This essay Shirely Jackson has a total of 613 words and 3 pages.
Repressing Challenges to Order
The rigid structure of society reinforces order and promotes conformity of all classes, but an individual contradicting established customs poses a threat. Shirley Jackson, the author of The Lottery, conveys that rebellious impulses of humans are repressed by society to maintain a rigid social order.
The lottery enforces an unfair distinction in class status between men and women. Women are subordinate in the social power structure of the village, as shown when Mrs. Hutchinson\'s family is chosen in the first round. Objecting that her daughter and son-in-law "didn\'t take their chance," (562) Mr. Summers reminds her that "daughters draw with their husbands\' families," (562) showing that power is exclusively held in the hands of males in families. Women, as inferior housewives, must submit to their husbands\' power over them because as men in the work force, they link to the community economically and provide for family. Mrs. Hutchinson, however, rebels against this male domination. Arriving late, she raises suspicions of resistance to everything the lottery represents. When her family name is called, she pushes her husband, "Get up there, Bill." (561) In doing so, she acts rebelliously, ironically contradicting custom by reversing the accepted power relation between husbands and wives. In her name Hutchinson, Jackson alludes to the religious reformer Anne Hutchinson, who, because she was a woman preacher, was considered a threat to society and strict Puritan laws. She was banished from her society, as Tessie is stoned and eliminated. In this way, Jackson shows that rebellion of a place in society is repressed.
In addition to the reinforcement of a firm division between the genders, the institution of the lottery maintains the structure of society by motivating work. A fear is instilled that lack of productivity will cause one to be selected in the next lottery and banished from the common group. The village reveals this fear in their questions after the first round: "Who is it? Who\'s got it? Is it the Dunbars? Is it the Watsons?" (562) The Dunbars and the Watsons are the least productive families in the village, with Mr. Dunbar\'s leg broken and Mr. Watson dead. This unconscious fear that uselessness determines the lottery\'s "winner" produces incentive for diligent work. The human impulses of rebellion and questioning are redirected in anger at rebels, as the Adamses\' brief suggestion that the lottery might be given up is crushed by Warner, who emphatically says:
Pack of crazy fools, listening to young folks, nothing\'s good enough for them. Next think you know, they\'ll be wanting to go back to living in caves, nobody work any more, live that way for a while. Used to be a saying about \'Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.\' (561)
Jackson demonstrates society\'s belief that without the lottery as a symbol of a suppressing threat to cause fear, there would be no motivation to work. Because there is a fear, work is done and society and order are preserved.
Terrorizing society into conformity starts very early, as seen in this story as well as throughout history. Davy Hutchinson is given pebbles to stone his mother, learning what to do before understanding why he does it. In the same way, schoolchildren are impressed with connotations of historical figures without even knowing why. This is comparable to Hitler\'s Youth, where Hitler bred Nazis and anti-Semitists from children. Although institutions may not go as far as Hitler, thinking on one\'s own mind has become rare in society\'s subtle goal to repress individuality and challenges to order.
Topics Related to Shirely Jackson
Dystopian literature, Films, Human sacrifice, The Lottery, Anne Hutchinson, Shirley Jackson, Rebellion, Lucy Hutchinson
Essays Related to Shirely Jackson
This Perfect DayThis Perfect Day This Perfect Day is probably Ira Levin\'s greatest work of his career. Levin\'s work, despite being written in 1970, is very plausible having realistic technology, such as scanners and computers which watch over the entire family, the entire population of the world. This novel could be used to show the dangers of a Utopian society as well as being full of anti-Communist and anti-racist sentiment. This Perfect Day also displays the feeling that communist and segregated institutio
Fahrenheit 451 – A Charred ExistenceFahrenheit 451 – A Charred Existence Imagine living in a world where you are not in control of your own thoughts. Imagine living in a world in which all the great thinkers of the past have been blurred from existence. Imagine living in a world where life no longer involves beauty, but instead a controlled system that the government is capable of manipulating. In Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, such a world is brought to the awareness of the reader through a description of the impacts of censorshi
Human Cloning is WrongHuman Cloning is Wrong I bet many of you have seen Star Wars, Jurassic Park, Multiplicity, or many of the other movies that describe cloning. Most of what you see in these movies is false. What you don\'t know if that cloning could be dangerous, to the clone and to our society as a whole. It\'s unethical to have a human clone. What about identity? Humans are guaranteed the right to their own personality. What would happen if we overrode those rights by giving them someone else\'s genetic identit
Thesis: Dystopia in Aldous Huxley's Brave New WorlThesis: Dystopia in Aldous Huxley\'s Brave New World It\'s hard to imagine yet somehow so extremely close to us is the possibility of a world of ideal perfection where there is no room or acceptance of individuality. Yet, as we strive towards the growth of technology and improvement of our daily living we come closer to closing the gap between the freedom of emotions, self understanding, and of speech and the devastation of a dystopia. A utopia, or perfect world, gone awry is displayed in Aldous
Kyle Sonza Kyle Sonza Instructor Cheryl Morris Advanced Placement Literature 27 March, 2017 Essay #5: AP Prompt 1997 The Two Minutes Hate is a ritual observance that is designed to use the collective rage of the people against supposed enemies of the Party to strengthen the Party's position among the people. The ritual serves to unify the people in the observance of the ritual. The Two Minutes Hate also serves the purpose of religious observance by deifying Big Brother. It serves to channel the rage that
Kyle Sonza Kyle Sonza Instructor Cheryl Morris Advanced Placement Literature March 30, 2017 Essay #4: AP Prompt 2004 In the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four , George Orwell implicitly addresses the question of whether or not we are too reliant on the government . He addresses this question indirectly by investigating an example of a dystopian society in which events marred by propaganda or time. Through his example of the government controlling its citizens, Orwell answers his own question by showing the reader
Kyle Sonza Kyle Sonza Instructor Cheryl Morris Advanced Placement Literature 17 February, 2017 Essay #2: AP Prompt 1972 In the George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four the first chapter introduces major themes of the work that reoccurs throughout the story. The novel begins with It was a bright day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen. This is significant because thirteenth stroke of the clock demonstrates that some occasion or disclosure raises doubt about everything previously accepted. I
2731323942608 2731323942608 REVISION GUIDE GCSE ENGLISH LITERATURE Unit 1: Understanding Prose 50% of GCSE marks. Exam 1 hr 45 mins . THIS BOOKLET: SECTION A: LITERARY HERITAGE. ANIMAL FARM 25% SECTION B : DIFFERENT CULTURES. OF MICE AND MEN 25%. Name ................................................................. .................................. Date of Exam .................................................... ........................... 00 REVISION GUIDE GCSE ENGLISH LITERATURE Unit 1: Understanding Pr